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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF WISCONSIN.

Preamble.

Section

required as a qualification for

any office. 20. The military shall be subordi

nate to the civil power. 21. Writs of error never permitted. 22. The blessings of free govern

ment.

ARTICLE II.

Boundaries.

1. State boundaries. 2. Act of Congress ratified.-United States property not

to be taxed.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are equally free and

have certain inherent rights. 2. There shall be neither slavery

nor involuntary imprisonment, except for the punishment of

crime. 3. Freedom of speech and liberty

of the press. 4. The people have the right to as

semble peaceably for the com

mon good. 5. Right of trial by jury. 6. Excessive ball shall not be re

quired, nor shall excessive

fines be imposed. 7. The rights of the accused in all

criminal prosecutions. 8. Indictment by grand jury. 9. Justice, without sale, denial, or

delay. 10. Treason against the State de

fined. 11. Rights of the people against un

reasonable seizures or searches, 12. No bill of attainder, ex post

facto law, nor any law impairing the obligations of

contracts shall ever be passed. 13. Private property shall not be

taken for public use without

just compensation. 14. All lands within the State are

declared to be allodial, and

feudal tenures are prohibited. 15. No distinction shall ever be

made by law between resident allens and citizens in reference

to property. 16. No imprisonment for debt. 17. The privilege of a debtor. 18. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 19. No religious tests shall ever be

ARTICLE III.

Suffrage. 1. Qualifications for being a voter. 2. Those who may not vote. 3. All votes to be given by ballot,

except for township officers. 4. No person to lose residence be

cause absent on business of

the United States. 5. No soldier of the United States

shall be deemed a resident of this State because stationed

within the same. 6. Bribery, etc., to debar from

voting.

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative. 1. Legislative power is vested in

the Senate and Assembly. 2. Assembly to consist of not less

than fifty-four, nor more than one hundred members.-The Senate shall consist of not less than one-fourth, nor more than one-third the number of

the Assembly. 3. Enumeration of the inhabitants

of the State to be made every

ten years. 4. How Members of Assembly are

to be chosen.

Section 6. How Senators are to be chosen. 6. To be eligible to the Legislature. 7. Each house to be the judge of

the qualifications of its own members.-A majority of each

shall constitute a quorum. 8. In each house a two-thirds vote

required to expel a member. 9. Each house shall choose its own

officers. 10. Each house to keep a journal. 11. The Legislature to meet once a

year at the seat of govern

ment 12. No Legislator to hold any civil office,

etc., created during term for which he was elected. 13. Who are not eligible to a seat

in the Legislature. 14. Governor to issue writs of elec

tion to fill vacancies. 15. Members of Legislature privi

leged from arrest, except

when. 16. Members to have freedom of

speech in debate. 17. No law shall be enacted except

by bill. 18. No private or local bill shall

embrace more than one sub

ject. 19. A bill may originate in either

house. Either house may

amend a bill of the other. 20. In regard to the yeas and nays. 21. Pay of members. 22. In regard to the board of super

visors. 23. Town and county government

to be uniform. 24. The Legislature shall

never authorize

any lottery nor grant a divorce. 25. In regard to stationery and

printing. 26. In regard to increasing or di

minishing the pay of public

officers. 27. How suit may

brought against the State. 28. The oath of office required. 29. Who shall constitute the militia

Section
30. In all elections to be made by

the Legislature, the vote shall
be viva voce.

of the State.

ARTICLE V.

Executive. 1. The executive power shall be

vested in the Governor. 2. To be eligible to the office of

Governor and Lieutenant-Gov.

ernor. 3. Election of the same. 4. Governor to be commander-in

chief of the State forces.-His

powers and duties. 5. His salary. 6. Governor shall have power to

grant reprieves and pardons. 7. When Lieutenant-Governor is

to act as Governor. 8. He shall be president of the

Senate. When Secretary of

State is to act as Governor. 9. Pay of Lieutenant-Governor. 10. Every bill to be presented to

the Governor before it becomes a law. - He may approve or object to it.

ARTICLE VI.

Administrative. 1. Secretary of State, Treasurer

and Attorney-General to be

chosen. 2. Secretary of State, his duties

and compensation. 3. Powers, duties and pay of the

Treasurer and Attorney-Gene

ral are to be fixed by law. 4. In regard to sheriffs, coroners, etc.

ARTICLE VII.

Judiciary. 1. The Senate, court of impeach

ment.
2. The judicial powers of the

State are vested in Supreme,
Circuit and Probate Courts,

and in justices of the peace.
3. Supreme Court has appellate

jurisdiction.-Shall have general

superintending control over all inferior courts.

be

ARTICLE VIII.

a

Finance. Section 1. Taxation shall be uniform. 2. No money to be paid out of the

treasury except by appropria

tion by law. 3. The credit of the State shall

never be given or loaned. 4. The State shall never contract

any public debt, except as

provided. 5. Expenses of the State to be met

by an annual tax. 6. State may contract public

debt not to exceed $100,000. 7. The Legislature may also bor

row money to repel invasion,

etc. 8. On the passage of a law which

imposes, renews or continues a tax, etc., the question shall be taken by yeas and nays, and three-fifths of all the members shall be required to

make a quorum. 9. In regard to State debt. 10. The State shall never contract

any debt for works of internal improvement.

ARTICLE IX. Eminent Domain and Property of the

Section
4. Judges of Circuits to be judges

of Supreme Courts till other

wise provided for. 5. Division of the State into five

judicial circuits. 6. The Legislature may alter the

limits, or increase the number

of circuits. 7. For each circuit there shall be

a judge chosen. 8. Jurisdiction and power of the

Circuit Courts. 9. Vacancies to be filled by the

Governor. 10. Salaries of judges of Supreme

and Circuit Courts.
11. The Supreme Court shall hold

at least one term annually at
the seat of government. — A
Circuit Court shall be held at
least twice in each year in

each county in the State.
12. Clerk of Circuit Court, term of

office. 13. Removal of judge of Supreme

or Circuit Courts. 14. Judge of probate, how chosen

and term of office. 15. Justices of the peace, term of

office and how elected.
16. Tribunals of conciliation.
17. Style of writs and criminal

prosecutions shall be carried
on in the name of “ The State

of Wisconsin." 18. A tax

on all civil suits, how applied. 19. Testimony in causes in equity,

how taken. 20. Any suitor may prosecute or

defend his suit himself, or by

an attorney. 21. No general law shall be in force

till published.
22. A commission of three to be

appointed to inquire into, re-
vise and simplify the rules
of practice, pleadings, forms,

etc.
23. One or more persons to be ap-

pointed in each county to have such judicial powers as may be prescribed by law.

State. 1. State's jurisdiction over rivers

and lakes. 2. Property of the Territory shall

vest in the State. 3. State property.--All lands the

title to which shall fail from a defect of heirs, shall revert to the people.

ARTICLE X.

Education. 1. The State superintendent, his

duties, powers and compensa

tion 2. The school fund. 3. Free, non-sectarian schools. 4. Each town and city to help

support the public schools. 5. Distribution of the school fund. 6. A State university to be estab

lished.

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