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Section 2. New counties may be organized. 3. County seats may be changed. 4. A system of township organiza
tion and government. 5. Election of county officers.
Municipal Corporations. 1. Legislature to provide by law
for the classification of mu
nicipal corporations. 2. They shall not be organized
without the consent of the majority of the resident elec
tors. 3. Restrictions of the same in re
gard to levying taxes, borrowing money and contracting
debts. 4. Street railways, telegraph, tele
phone and electrical lines shall not be constructed without the consent of the local au
thorities. 5. Municipal corporations shall
have the same right as individuals.
Section 3. In regard to mines of gold,
silver, other precious metals,
etc. 4. For State revenue, the tax not
to exceed four mills on the
dollar. 5. For county revenue, the tax not
to exceed twelve mills on the
dollar. 6. An incorporated city or town,
there may be a tax not to ex
ceed eight mills on a dollar. 7. Regard to money belonging to
the State, county, town, etc. 8. No profit to be made directly or
indirectly out of public funds. 9. There shall be a State board
composed of State Auditor, Treasurer and Secretary of
State. 10. Their duties. 11. All property, except as in this
Constitution otherwise provided for, shall be uniformly as
sessed. 12. What property
to be exempt from taxation. 13. No tax to be levied except in
pursuance of law. 14. The power of taxation shall
never be surrendered.
Public Indebtedness. 1. Indebtedness of the State. 2. No debt in excess of the taxes
for the current year. 3. County indebtedness. 4. No debt in excess of the taxes
for the current year in any
county or subdivision thereof. 5. Limit of indebtedness in towns,
cities, villages, etc. 6. The State and its subdivisions
not to loan its credit.- The State shall not engage in work
of internal improvement. 7. State money shall not be paid
out of the State treasury, except upon appropriation by law.
Taxation and Revenue. 1. All lands and improvements
listed for assessment. 2. Coal mines from which coal is
not being mined shall be assessed.
Section 8. State bonds to be valid must be 4. Any Constitution adopted shall indorsed.
not be valid until it has been
adopted by the people.
ARTICLE XXI. 1. To consist of whom.
Schedule. 2. Equipment and discipline of militia.
1. To avoid inconvenience in the 3. All militia officers to be commis
change of Territorial to State sioned by the Governor.
government. 4. The flag or banner which the
2. Real and personal property, etc., militia may carry.
belonging to the Territory 5. The Governor to be commard
shall become the property of er-in-chief.
3. All Territorial laws not repugARTICLE XVIII.
nant to this Constitution shall Public Lands and Donations,
remain in force. 1. In regard to lands granted to
4. All fines, etc., accruing to the the State.
Territory shall accrue to the 2. In regard to the proceeds from
State. the sale and rental of lands. 5. All bond obligations or other 3. Board of Land Commissioners.
undertakings, undertaken be4. Legislature shall enact the nec
fore the organization of this essary laws for the sale and
Constitution, shall remain leasing of land.
valid. 5. In regard to those who have
6. All Territorial officers shall consettled upon school lands.
tinue to hold office. 6. If any part of the interest or
7. The Constitution to be adopted income of the perpetual school
or rejected. fund is not expended.
8. When the Constitution is to take ARTICLE XIX.
9. What is to be done upon the Miscellaneous
admission of the Territory as 1. Live stock.-Eight hours a day's
a State. work.-Labor on public works. 10. Notice of election to be given. 2. The Legislature shall see that 11. Board of canvassers, to consist the foregoing provisions are
of whom. enforced.—Courts of Arbitra
12. Oath of office to be taken within tion.-- Police powers.- Labor
thirty days after election. contracts.-Arbitration home- 13. The Governor to issue a proclasteads.
mation convening the Legisla
ture. ARTICLE XX.
| 14. The Legislature shall pass all Amendments.
necessary laws to carry into 1. Amendments may be proposed
effect the provisions of this in either branch of the Legis
15. In regard to judges of the Su2. If two or more amendments are
preme and District Courts. proposed.
16. The seals of the Territory are 3. A convention to revise or amend
to be the seals of the State. this Constitution may be 17. Records and papers of the Procalled.
bers of the House.
State officers, District and Su
preme Courts to continue. 21. In regard to the first session of
the Legislature under this
Constitution. 22. In regard to the time county
and precinct officers shall hold
their offices. 23. This constitution has been pre
sented to the people to be accepted or rejected.
We, the people of the State of Wyoming, grateful to God for our civil, political and religious liberties, and desiring to secure them to ourselves and perpetuate them to our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All power is inherent in the people, and all free governments are founded on their authority, and instituted for their peace, safety and happiness; for the advancement of these ends they have at all times an inalienable and indefeasible right to alter, reform or abolish the government in such manner as they may think proper.
Sec. 2. In their inherent right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, all members of the human race are equal.
Since equality in the enjoyment of natural and civil rights is made sure only through political equality, the laws of this State, affecting the political rights and privileges of its citizens shall be without distinction of race, color, sex, or any cir. ('umstance or condition whatsoever other than individual incompetency, or unworthiness duly ascertained by a court of com petent jurisdiction.
Sec. 4. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated, and no warrant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by affidavit, particularly describing the place to be searched or the person or thing to be seized.
Sec. 5. No person shall be imprisoned for debt except in cases of fraud.
Sec. 6. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.
Sec. 7. Absolute, arbitrary power over the lives, liberty and property of freemen exists nowhere in a republic, not even in the largest majority.
Sec. 8. All courts shall be open and every person for an injury done to person, reputation or property shall have justice administered without sale, denial or delay. Suits may be brought against the State in such manner and in such courts as the Legislature may by law direct.
Sec. 9. The right of trial by jury shall remain in violate in criminal cases, but a jury in civil cases in all courts, or in criminal cases in courts not of record, may consist of less than twelve men, as may be prescribed by law. Hereafter a grand jury may consist of twelve men, any nine of whom concurring may find an indictment, but the Legislature may change, regulate or abolish the grand jury system.
Sec. 10. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the right to defend in person and by counsel, to demand the nature and cause of the accusation, to have a copy thereof, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process served for obtaining witnesses, and to a speedy trial by an impartial jury of the county or district in which the offense is alleged to have been committed.
Sec. 11. No person shall be compelled to testify against himself in any criminal case, nor shall any person be twice put in jeopardy for the same offense. If the jury disagree, or if the judgment be arrested after a verdict, or if the judgment be reversed for error in law, the accused shall not be deemed to have been in jeopardy.
Sec. 12. No person shall be detained as a witness in any criminal prosecution longer than may be necessary to take his testimony or deposition, nor be confined in any room where criminals are imprisoned.
Sec. 13. Until otherwise provided by law, no person shall, for a felony, be proceeded against criminally, otherwise than by indictment, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger.
Sec. 14. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses when the proof is evident or the pre
sumption great. Excessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed, nor shall cruel or unusual punishment be inflicted.
Sec. 15. The penal code shall be framed on the humane principles of reformation and prevention.
Sec. 16. No person arrested and confined in jail shall be treated with unnecessary rigor. The erection of safe and comfortable prisons, and inspection of prisons, and the humane treatment of prisoners shall be provided for.
Sec. 17. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless, when in case of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.
Sec. 18. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship without discrimination or preference shall be forever guaranteed in this State, and no person shall be rendered incompetent to hold any office of trust or profit, or to serve as a witness or juror, because of his opinion on any matter of relig. ious belief whatever; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness or justify practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of the State.
Sec. 19. No money of the State shall ever be given or appropriated to any sectarian or religious society or institution.
Sec. 20. Every person may freely speak, write and publish on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right; and in all trials for libel, both civil and criminal, the truth when published with good intent and for justifiable ends shall be a suffcient defense, the jury having the right to determine the facts and the law, under direction of the court.
Sec. 21. The right of petition, and of the people peaceably to assemble to consult for the common good, and to make known their opinions, shall never be denied or abridged.
Sec. 22. The rights of labor shall have just protection through laws calculated to secure to the laborer proper rewards for his service and to promote the industrial welfare of the State.
Sec. 23. The right of citizens to opportunities for education should have practical recognition. The Legislature shall suitably encourage means and agencies calculated to advance the sciences and liberal arts.
Sec. 24. The right of citizens to bear arms in defense of themselves and of the State shall not be denied.