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Sec. 25. The military shall ever be in strict subordination to the civil powers.

No soldier in time of peace shall be quartered iu any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war except in the manner prescribed by law.

Sec. 26. Treason against the State shall consist only in levy. ing war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, or in giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court; nor shall any person be attainted of treason by the Legislature.

Sec. 27. Elections shall be open, free and equal, and no power, civil or military, shall at any time interfere to prevent an untrammeled exercise of the right of suffrage.

Sec. 28. No tax shall be imposed without the consent of the people or their authorized representatives. All taxation shall be equal and uniform.

Sec. 29. No distinction shall ever be made by law between resident aliens and citizens as to the possession, taxation, enjoy. ment and descent of property.

Sec. 30. Perpetuities and monopolies are contrary to the genius of a free State, and shall not be allowed. Corporations being creatures of the State, endowed for the public good with a portion of its sovereign powers, must be subject to its control.

Sec. 31. Water being essential to industrial prosperity, of liinited amount, and easy of diversion from its natural channels, its control must be in the State, which, in providing for its use, shall equally guard all the various interests involved.

Sec. 32. Private property shall not be taken for private use unless by consent of the owner, except for private ways of necessity, and for reservoirs, drains, fiumes, or ditches on or across the lands of others for agricultural, mining, milling, domestic or sanitary purposes, nor in any case without due compensation.

Sec. 33. Private property shall not be taken or damaged for public or private use without just compensation.

Sec. 34. All laws of a general nature shall have a uniform operation.

Sec. 35. No ex post facto law, nor any law impairing the obligation of contracts, shall ever be made.

Sec. 36. The enumeration in this Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny, impair, or disparage others retained by the people.

Sec. 37. The State of Wyoming is an inseparable part of the Federal Union, and the Constitution of the United States is the supreme

law of the land.


Distribution of Powers. Section 1. The powers of the government of this State are divided into three distinct departments: The legislative, executive and judicial, and no person or collection of persons charged with the exercise of powers properly belonging to one of these departments shall exercise any powers properly belonging to either of the others, except as in this Constitution expressly directed or permitted.


Legislative Department. Section 1. The legislative power shall be vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which shall be designated “The Legislature of the State of Wyoming."

Sec. 2. Senators shall be elected for the term of four (4) years and Representatives for the term of two (2) years. The Senators elected at the first election shall be divided by lot into two classes as nearly equal as may be. The seats of Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the first two years, and of the second class at the expiration of four years. son shall be a Senator who has not attained the age of twenty: five years, or a Representative who has not attained the age of twenty-one years, and who is not a citizen of the United States and of this State and who has not, for at least twelve months next preceding his election resided wihin the county or district in which he was elected.

Sec. 3. Each county shall constitute a Senatorial and Representative district; the Senate and House of Representatives shall be composed of members elected by the legal voters of the counties respectively, every two (2) years. They shall be apportioned among the said counties as nearly as may be according to the nunber of their inhabitants. Each county shall have at least one Senator and one Representative; but at no time shall the number of members of the House of Representatives be less than twice nor greater than three times the number of members of the Senate. The Senate and House of Representatives first

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elected in pursuance of this Constitution shall consist of sixteen and thirty-three members respectively.

Sec. 4. When vacancies occur in either house by death, resignation or otherwise, such vacancy shall be filled for the remainder of the term by special election, to be called in such manner as may be prescribed by law.

Sec. 5. Members of the Senate and House of Representatives shall be elected on the day provided by law for the general election of a member of Congress, and their term of office shall begin on the first Monday of January thereafter.

Sec. 6. Each member of the first legislature, as a compensation for his services, shall receive five dollars for each day's attendance, and fifteen cents for each mile traveled in going to and returning from the seat of government to his residence by the usual traveled route, and shall receive no other compensation, perquisite or allowance whatever. No session of the legislature after the first, which may be sixty days, shall exceed forty days. After the first session the compensation of the members of the legislature shall be provided by law; but no legislature shall fix its own compensation.

Sec. 7. The Legislature shall meet at the seat of government at twelve o'clock, noon, on the second Tuesday of January next suc: ceeding the general election provided by law, and at twelve o'clock, noon, on the second Tuesday of January of each alternate year thereafter, and at other times when convened by the Governor.

Sec. 8. No Senator or Representative shall, during the term for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the State, and no member of Congress or other person holding an ottice (except that of notary public or an office in the militia) under the United States or this State, shall be a member of either house during his continuance in office.

Sec. 9. No member of either house shall, during the term for which he was elected, receive any increase of salary or mileage under any law passed during that term.

Sec. 10. The Senate shall, at the beginning and close of each regular session and at such other times as may be necessary, elect one of its members president; the House of Representatives shall elect one of its members speaker; each house shall choose its own officers, and shall judge of the election returns and qualifications of its members.

Sec. 11. A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members in such manner and under such penalties as each house may prescribe.

Sec. 12. Each house shall have power to determine the rules of its proceedings, and to punish its members or other persons for contempt or disorderly behavior in its presence; to protect its members against violence of offers of bribes or private solicitation, and with the concurrence of two-thirds, to expel a member, and shall have all other powers necessary to the legislature of a free State. A member expelled for corruption shall not there after be eligible to either house of the legislature, and punishment for contempt or disorderly behavior shall not bar a criminal prosecution for the same offense.

Sec. 13. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings and may in its discretion, from time to time, publish the same, except such parts as require secrecy, and the yeas and nays on any question, shall, at the request of two members, be entered on the journal.

Sec. 14. The sessions of each house and of the committee of the whole shall be open unless the business is such as requires secrecy.

Sec. 15. Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.

Sec. 16. The members of the legislature shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, violation of their oath of office and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the sessions of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either house they shall not be questioned in any other place.

Sec. 17. The sole power of impeachment shall vest in the House of Representatives; the concurrence of a majority of all the members being necessary to the exercise thereof. Impeachment shall be tried by the Senate sitting for that purpose and the Senators shall be upon oath or affirmation to do justice according to law and evidence. When the Governor is on trial the chief

justice of the Supreme Court shall preside. No person shall be convicted without a concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators elected.

Sec. 18. The Governor and other State and judicial officers except justices of the peace, shall be liable to impeachment for high crimes and misdemeanors, or malfeasance in office but judgment in such cases shall only extend to removal from office and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust or profit under the laws of the State. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall, nevertheless, be liable to prosecution, trial, judg. ment and punishment according to law.

Sec. 19. All officers not liable to impeachment shall be subject to removal for misconduct or malfeasance in office, in such manrer as may be provided by law.

Sec. 20. No law shall be passed except by bill, and no bill shall be so altered or amended on its passage through either house as to change its original purpose.

Sec. 21. The enacting clause of every law shall be as follows: “Be it Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Wyoming."

Sec. 22. No bill for the appropriation of money, except for the expenses of the government, shall be introduced within five (5) days of the close of the session, except by unanimous consent of the house in which it is sought to be introduced.

Sec. 23. No bill shall be considered or become a law unless referred to a committee, returned therefrom and printed for the use of the members. Sec. 24. No bill, except

No bill, except general appropriation bills and bills for the codification and general revision of the laws, shall be passed containing more than one subject, which shall be clearly expressed in its title; but if any subject is embraced in any act which is not expressed in the title, such act shall be void only as to so much thereof as shall not be so expressed.

Sec. 25. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of a majority of all the members elected to each house, nor unless on its final passage the vote taken by ayes and noes, and the namer of those voting be entered on the journal.

Sec. 26. No law shall be revised or amended, or the provisions thereof extended by reference to its title only, but so much thereof as is revised, amended or extended, shall be re-enacted and published at length.

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