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Sec. 27. The Legislature shall not pass local or special laws in any of the following enumerated cases, that is to say: For granting divorces; laying out, opening, altering or working roads or highways; vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys or public grounds; locating or changing county seats; regulating county or township affairs; incorporation of cities, towns or villages, or changing or amending the charters of any cities, towns or villages; regulating the practice in courts
of justice; regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of the peace, police magistrates constables; changing the rules
trial inquiry; providing for change of venue in civil or criminal cases; declaring any person of age; for limitation of civil actions; giving effect to any informal or invalid deeds; summoning or impaneling grand or petit juries; providing for the management of common schools; regulating the rate of interest on money; the opening or conducting of any election or designating the place of voting; the sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors or others under disability; chartering or licensing ferries or bridge or toll roads; chartering banks, insurance companies and loan and trust companies; remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures; creating, increasing or decreasing fees, percentages or allowances of public officers; changing the law of descent; granting to any corporation, association or individual, the right to lay down railroad tracks or any exclusive or special privileges, immunity or franchise whatever, or amending existing charter for such purpose; for punishment of crimes; changing the names of persons or places; for the assessment or collection of taxes; affecting estates of deceased persons, minors or others under legal disabilities; extending the time for the collection of taxes; refunding money paid into the State Treasury; relinquishing or extin. guishing, in whole or in part, the indebtedness, liabilities or obligations of any corporation or person to this State or to any municipal corporation therein; exempting property from taxation; restoring to citizenship persons convicted of infamous crimes; authorizing the creation, extension or impairing of liens; creating offices or prescribing the powers or duties of officers in counties, cities, townships or school districts; or authorizing the adoption or legitimation of children. In all cases where a general law can be made applicable no special law shall be enacted.
Sec. 28. The presiding officer of each house shall, in the presence of the house over which he presides, sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature; immediately after their titles have been publicly read, and the fact of signing shall be at once entered upon the journal.
Sec. 29. The Legislature shall prescribe by law the number, duties and compensation of the officers and employes of each house, and no payment shall be made from the State Treasury, or be in any way authorized to any such person except to an acting officer or employe elected or appointed in pursuance of law.
Sec. 30. No bill shall be passed giving any extra compensation to any public officer, servant or employe, agent or contractor, after services are rendered or contract made.
All stationery, printing, paper, fuel and lights used in the Legislature and other departments of government shall be furnished and the printing and binding of the laws, journals and department reports and other printing and binding, and the repairing and furnishing of the halls and rooms used for the meeting of the Legislature and its committees shall be performed under contract, to be given to the lowest responsible bidder, below such maximum price and under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. No member or officer of any department of the government shall be in any way interested in any such contract; and all such contracts shall be subject to the approval of the Governor and State Treasurer.
Sec. 32. Except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, no law shall extend the term of any public officer or increase or diminish his salary or emolument after his election or appointment; but this shall not be construed to forbid the Legislature from fixing the salaries or emoluments of those officers first elected or appointed under this Constitution, if such salaries or emoluments are not fixed by its provisions.
Sec. 33. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose amendments, as in case of other bills.
Sec. 34. The general appropriation bills shall embrace nothing but appropriations for the ordinary expenses of the Legislative, Executive and Judicial Departments of the State, interest on the public debt, and for public schools. All other appropriations shall be made by separate bills, each embracing but one subject. .
Sec. 35. Except for interest on public debt, money shall be paid out of the treasury only on appropriations made by the Leg. islature, and in no case otherwise than upon warrant drawn by the proper officer in pursuance of law.
Sec. 36. No appropriation shall be made for charitable, industrial, educational or benevolent purposes to any person, corporation or community not under the absolute control of the State, nor to any denominational or sectarian institution or association.
Sec. 37. The Legislature shall not delegate to any special commissioner, private corporation or association, any power to make, supervise or interfere with any municipal improvements, moneys, property or effects, whether held in trust or otherwise, to levy taxes, or to perform any municipal functions whatever.
Sec. 38. No act of the Legislature shall authorize the investment of trust funds by executors, administrators, guardians or trustees, in the bonds or stock of any private corporation.
Sec. 39. The Legislature shall have no power to pass any law authorizing the State or any county in the State to contract any debt or obligation in the construction of any railroad, or give or loan its credit to or in aid of the construction of the same. Sec. 40. No obligation or liability of any person, association
. or corporation, held or owned by the State, or any municipal corporation therein, shall ever be exchanged, transferred, remitted, released or postponed, or in any way diminished by the Legislature; nor shall such liability or obligation be extinguished except by the payment thereof into the proper treasury.
Sec. 41. Every order, resolution or vote, in which the concurrence of both houses may be necessary, except on the question of adjournment, or relating solely to the transaction of the business of the two houses, shall be presented to the Governor, and before it shall take effect be approved by him, or, being disapproved, be repassed by two-thirds of both houses as prescribed in the case of a bill.
Sec. 42. If any person elected to either house of the Legislature shall offer or promise to give his vote or influence in favor of or against any measure or proposition, pending or to be introduced into the Legislature, in consideration or upon condition that any other person elected to the same Legislature will give or promise or assent to give his vote or influence in favor of or against any other measure or proposition pending or proposed to be introduced into such Legislature, the person making such
offer or promise shall be deemed guilty of solicitation of bribery. If any member of the Legislature will give his vote or influence for or against any measure or proposition pending or to be introduced in such Legislature, or offer, promise or assent thereto, upon condition that any other member will give or will promise or assent to give his vote or influence in favor of or against any such measure or proposition pending or to be introduced in such Legislature, or in consideration that any other member has given his vote or influence for or against any other measure or proposi. tion in such Legislature, he shall be deemed guilty of bribery, and any member of the Legislature or person elected thereto, who shall be guilty of either of such offenses, shall be expelled and shall not thereafter be eligible to the Legislature, and on conviction thereof in the civil courts shall be liable to such fur. ther penalty as may be prescribed by law.
Sec. 43. Any person who shall directly or indirectly offer, give or promise any money or thing of value, testimonial, privilege or personal advantage, to any executive or judicial officer or member of the Legislature, to influence him in the performance of any of his official duties shall be deemed guilty of bribery, and be punished in such manner as shall be provided by law.
Sec. 44. Any person may be compelled to testify in any lawful investigation or judicial proceedings against any person who may . be charged with having committed the offense of bribery or corrupt solicitation, or practices of solicitation, and shall not be permitted to withhold his testimony upon the ground that it may criminate himself, or subject him to public infamy; but such testimony shall not afterwards be used against him in any judicial proceeding, except for perjury in giving such testimony, and any person convicted of either of the offenses aforesaid shall, as part of the punishment therefor, be disqualified from holding any office or position of honor, trust or profit in this State.
Sec. 45. The offense of corrupt solicitation of members of the Legislature or of public officers of the State, or of any municipal division thereof, and the occupation or practice of solicitation of such members or officers to influence their official action shall be defined by law and shall be punished by fine and imprisonment.
Sec. 46. A member who has a personal or private interest in any measure or bill proposed or pending before the Legislature shall disclose the fact to the house of which he is a member, and shall not vote thereon.
Apportionment. Section 1. One Representative in the Congress of the United States shall be elected from the State at large, the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, 1890, and thereafter at such times and places, and in such manner as may be prescribed by law. When a new apportionment shall be made by Congress, the Legislature shall divide the State into congressional districts accordingly.
Sec. 2. The Legislature shall provide by law for an enumeration of the inhabitants of the State in the year 1895, and every tenth year thereafter, and at the session next following such enumeration, and also at the session next following an enumeration made by the authority of the United States, shall revise and adjust the apportionment for Senators and Representatives, on a basis of such enumeration according to ratios to be fixed by law.
Sec. 3. Representative districts may be altered from time to time as public convenience may require. When a representative district shall be composed of two or more counties, they shall be contiguous and the districts as compact as may be. No county shall be divided in the formation of representative districts.
Sec. 4. Until an apportionment of Senators and Representatives is otherwise provided by law, they shall be divided among the several counties of the State in the following manner:
Albany county, two Senators and five Representatives. Carbon county, two Senators and five Representatives. Converse county, one Senator and three Representatives. Crook county, one Senator and two Representatives. Fremont county, one Senator and two Representatives. Laramie county, three Senators and six Representatives. Johnson county, one Senator and two Representatives. Sheridan county, one Senator and two Representatives. Sweetwater county, two Senators and three Representatives. Uinta county, two Senators and three Representatives.
Executive Department. Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for the term of four (4) years and until his successor is elected and duly qualified.