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Section 2.

Senate.
1. Senate, number of, and by whom

elected.- County shall be dis

tricts until, etc.
2. Manner and time of choosing

Senators and councillors.- Se-
lectmen to preside at town

meetings.
3. Governor and council to examine

and count votes and issue

summonses.
4. Senate to be final judge of

elections, etc., of its own mem-

bers.
5. Qualifications of Senator.

Property qualifications abol-

ished.
6. Senate not to adjourn more than

two days.
7. Shall choose officers and

a

its

15. Right of trial by jury.
16. Liberty of the press.
17. Right to keep and bear arms.

- Standing armies dangerous.

- Military power subordinate

to civil power.
18. Moral qualifications for office.-

Moral obligations of law-

givers and magistrates.
19. The people have the right to

assemble in a peaceable man-
ner to consult for common

good.
20. Power to suspend the laws or

their execution.
21. Freedom of debate, etc., and

reason thereof.
22. Frequent sessions and objects

thereof.
23. Taxation founded on consent.
24. Ex post facto laws prohibited.
25. Legislature not to convict of

treason, etc.
26. Excessive bail or fines, and cruel

punishment prohibited.
27. No soldiers to be quartered in

any house, unless, etc.
28. Citizens exempt from law mar-

shall, unless, etc.
29. Judges of Supreme Judicial

Court.- Tenure of their office.

- Salaries.
30. Separation of executive, judicial
and legislative departments.

PART 2.
1. Title of the body politic.

establish its rules.
8. Shall try all impeachments.-

Oath.- Limitation of sentence.
9. Not less than sixteen members

of the Senate shall constituto
a quorum for doing business.

Section 1.

Legislatire Poner.
1. Legislative department.
2. Governor's veto.- Bill may be

passed by two-thirds of each

house notwithstanding.
3. General Court may constitute

judicatories.
4. General Court may enact laws,

etc., not repugnant to the Con-
stitution.-May provide for the
election or appointment of
officers, and may prescribe
their duties. — May impose
taxes.

Section 3.
House of Representatives.
1. Representation of the people.
2. Representatives. By whom

chosen.- Proviso as to towns
having less than one hundred

and fifty ratable polls.
3. Qualifications of a Representa-

tive. - Property qualifications

abolished.
4. Qualifications of a voter.
5. Representatives, when chosen.
6. House alone can impeach.
7. House originates all money bills.
8. Not to adjourn more than two

days.
9. Not less han sixty members of

the House of Representatives
shall constitute a quorum for

doing business.
10. To judge of returns, etc., of its

own members; to choose its
officers and establish its rules.
- Privilege of members from
arrest.

11. Senate.- Governor and council

may punish.- Trial may be by
committee or otherwise.

5. The register of council.
6. When the council is to exercise

the power of Governor.
7. Elections may be adjourned.

CHAPTER II.

Section 1.
Governor.

Section 4.
Secretary, Treasury, Commissary.
1. Secretary, by whom and how

chosen. – Treasurer ineligible
for more than five successive

years.
2. Secretary to keep records. -- TO

attend Governor and council.

1. Governor.
2. To be chosen annually.
3. By whom chosen, if he have a

majority of votes.- In case of

tie.
4. Power of Governor, and of Gov-

ernor and council.
5. May adjourn or prorogue the

General Court upon request,

and convene the same.
6. Governor and council may ad.

journ the General Court in
cases, etc., but not exceeding

ninety days.
7. Governor to be commander-in-

chief of State military forces.
8. Governor may pardon.
9. Judicial officers, etc., how nomi-

nated and appointed.
10. Militia officers, how elected, how

commissioned. Major - gene-
rals, how appointed and com-

missioned.
11. Money, how drawn from the

treasury.
12. All public boards to make quar-

terly returns.
13. Salary of Governor.

CHAPTER III.

Judiciary Power.
1. Tenure of all commissioned offi-

cers to be expressed.-Judicial
officers to hold office during

good behavior.
2. Justices of the Supreme Court,

to give opinions when required.
3. Justices of the peace.-Tenure of

office.
4. Provisions for holding Probate

Courts.
5. Marriage, divorce and alimony.

CHAPTER IV.

Delegates to Congress.
1. Delegates to Congress.

CHAPTER V.

Section 1.

The University.
1. Harvard College.- Powers and

privileges of the president and

fellows confirmed.
2. All gifts, grants, etc., confirmed.
3. Who shall be overseers.

Section 2.

Lieutenant-Governor.
1. Lieutenant-Governor, his qualifi-

cations.-- How chosen.
2. President of council.
3. Lieutenant-Governor to be act-

ing Governor, when.

Section 2.
The Encouragement of Literature.
1. Duty of Legislatures and magis-

trates in all future periods.

Section 3.
Council, Manner of Settling Elections.
1. Number of councillors changed

to eight.
2. From whom and how chosen.-

When Senators become coun-

cillors their seats are vacated.
3. Rank of councillors.
4. No district to have more than

two.

CHAPTER VI.
1. Oaths, etc. - Declaration and

oaths of all officers.- Oath of

office, how administered.
2. Plurality of offices prohibited to

Governor. - Bribery, etc., to

disqualify.
3. Value of money ascertained.

4. Provisions respecting commis-

sions.
5. Provisions respecting writs.
6. Continuation of former laws.
7. Benefit of habeas corpus secured,

except, etc.
8. The enacting style.
9. Officers of former government

continued.
10. Provision for revising the Con-

stitution.
11. Provision for preserving and

publishing this Constitution.

ARTICLES OF AMENDMENT.

1. Bill, etc., not approved within

five days not to become a law,
if Legislature adjourned in the

meantime.
2. General Court empowered to

charter cities.
3. Qualification of voters for Gov-

ernor, Lieutenant - Governor,

Senators and Representatives.
4. Notaries public.- How appointed

and removed.
5. Who may vote for captains and

subalterns.
6. Oath to be taken by all officers.
7. Tests abolished.
8. Incompatibility of offices.
9. Amendments to Constitution,

how made.
10. Commencement and termination

of political year.
11. Religious freedom established.
12. Census of ratable polls to be

taken every ten years.-Towns
having less than three hundred
ratable polls, how represented,

etc.
13. Census of inhabitants to be

taken in 1840 and every ten
years thereafter. - House ot
Representatives, how appor-

tioned, etc.
14. Elections by the people to be by

plurality of votes.
15. Time of annual election of Gov-

ernor and Legislature.

16. Eight councillors to be chosen

by the people, etc.
17. Election of Secretary, Treasurer,

Auditor and Attorney-General
by the people.- Vacancies, how

filled.
18. School moneys not to be applied

to sectarian schools.
19. Legislature to prescribe for the

election of sheriffs.- Registers

of Probate Court, etc.
20. Reading Constitution in English

and writing, necessary qualifi-

cations of voters.
21. Census of legal voters and in-

habitants, when taken.-House
of Representatives to consist
of two hundred and forty

members, etc.
22. Voters to be basis of apportion-

ment of Senators.— Senate to

consist of forty members, etc.
23. Two years' residence required of

naturalized citizens to entitle
to suffrage or to make eligible

to office.
24. Vacancies in the Senate.
25. Vacancies in the Council.
26. Twenty-third article of amend-

ments annulled.
27. Provisions of article 2, chapter 6,

relating to officers of Harvard

College, annulled.
28. Superseded by article 31.
29. Voting precincts, in towns.
30. Voters not disqualified by

change of residence until six

months from time of removal,
31. Amendments, article 28 amended.
32. Provisions of amendments, ar-

ticle 3, relative to payment of
a tax, as a voting qualification,

annulled.
33. Quorum in each branch of the

General Court, to consist of a

majority of members.
34. Provisions of article 2, section 1,

chapter 2, part 2, relative to
the property qualification of
Governor annulled.

MICHIGAN.

ARTICLE I.
Section
1. Territorial jurisdiction.

ARTICLE II.
1. The seat of government shall be

at Lansing.

ARTICLE III.
1. Departments of government shall

be the legislative, executive

and judical.
2. Limitation of power, etc.

ARTICLE IV.
1. The legislative power is vested

in the Senate and House of Re-

presentatives.
2. The Senate shall consist of

thirty-two members.
3. The House of Representatives.-

Representative districts.
4. The Legislature shall provide a

law for the enumeration of the
inhabitants.-Apportionment of

Senators and Representatives.
6. Members must be citizens.
6. Certain officers eligible.
7. Privileges of members.
8. Majority to constitute a quo-

rum,
9. Powers of each house.
10. Each house to keep a journal.
11. In all elections the vote shall be

viva voce.
12. Doors to be open.--Adjournments.
13. Bills may originate in either

house.
14. Bills and resolutions to be pre-

sented to the Governor.--Pro-
ceedings when Governor disap-
proves bill-How vote deter-
mined-Bills to become law ir
not returned in ten days.-May
be signed in five days after ad-

journment.
15. Compensation of members.-01

members from Upper Peninsu-
la.-When in extra session.-
Mileage, stationery, laws, jour-
nals, documents.

Section
16. In regard to postage.
17. Compensation of the president

and speaker.
18. No member to receive civil ap-

pointment or to be interested

in contract with the State, etc.
19. Bils, etc., to be read three times.

-Ayes and nays on final pass-

age.
20. No law shall embrace more than

one subject.-When to take ef-

fect.
21. Extra compensation forbidden.
22. Fuel, stationery, printing, etc.,

to be let by contract.
23. Sale of real estate, vacating

roads, etc.
24. Chaplain for State prison, etc.
25. Altering or amending laws, etc.
26. Divorces shall not be granted by

the Legislature.
27. Lotteries illegal.
28. Introduction of bills.
29. Contested elections.
30. Ineligibility of certain persons.
31. The Legislature shall not audit

or allow any private claim or

account.
32. Hour of adjournment.
33. The Legislature shall meet at

the seat of government.
34. Elections of Senators and Repre-

sentatives.
35. State paper.-Compensation for

publishing laws.
36. Publication of statutes and de-

cisions.
37. In regard to vacancies.
38. Legal legislation.
39. In regard to religious Iberty.
40. Appropriations for religious pur-

poses forbidden.
41. Rights of opinion.
42. Liberty of speech and press.
43. The Legislature shall not pass

any bill of attainder or ex post
facto law.

Section
44. In regard to the writ of habeas

corpus.
45. Bills appropriating money.
46. The right of trial by jury.
47. The style of the laws shall be.

ARTICLE V.
1. The executive power is vested

in the Governor.
2. Eligibility of persons for Gov-

ernor.
3. In regard to the election of Gov-

ernor and Lieutenant-Goy-

ernor.
4. The Governor shall be command-

er-in-chief of the military and

the naval forces.
5. He shall transact all necessary

business with officers of the

government.
6. He shall see that the laws are

faithfully executed.
7. He may convene the Legislature

on extraordinary occasions.
8. In regard to the Governor's

messages.
9. When sessions may be held else-

where.
10. He shall issue writs of election

to fill vacancies.
11. He shall have the power to grant

pardons and reprieves.-In re-

gard to cases of treason.
12. In case of vacancy, absence, etc.
13. Who to act as Governor.
14. The Lieutenant-Governor shall

be president of the Senate.
15. Eligibility of certain persons.
16. No person elected to the office of

Governor or Lieutenant-Gov-
ernor shall hold any other of-

fice.
17. In regard to the compensation of

the President of the Senate
when performing the duties of

Governor.
18. There shall be a State seal,

which shall be kept by the

Secretary of State.
19. Commissions, how issued.

ARTICLE VI.
Section
1. The judicial power is vested in

one Supreme Court,
2. Supreme Court.-Classification

and term of office.
3. The Supreme Court shall have a

general superintending control

over all inferior courts.
4. Four terms of the Supreme Court

shall be held annually.
5. Rules of the Supreme Court, etc.

-Master in chancery prohlb-

ited.
6. The State shall be divided into

judicial circuits.
7. Alteration of circuits, etc.
8. Jurisdiction of the Circuit Court.
9. Salary of judges, etc.
10. The Supreme Court may ap-

point a reporter of its decisions.

-May fill certain vacancies.
11. Terms of court.-Judges may

hold court for each other.
12. In regard to clerks of Circuit

Courts.
13. Courts of Probate.-Jurisdiction,

etc.
14. Vacancies.-How filled.
15. Courts of record.
16. Circuit Court commissioners.
17. Justices of the Peace.-How

elected, etc.
18. Civil jurisdiction of justices.
19. The judges of the Supreme Court,

Circuit judges and justices of
the peace shall be conservators

of the peace.
20. Election of Circuit judges.
21. Election of judges of Probate.
22. What deemed vacancy.
23. The Legislature may establish

courts of conciliation.
24. Suitors may appear by attorney

or in person.
25. Libels.-Truth may be given in

evidence,
26. Security of person, property, etc.

Search warrants.
27. Right of trial by Jury.
28. Accused to have speedy trial, etc.

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