Making Capitalism Without Capitalists: Class Formation and Elite Struggles in Post-communist Central Europe
Verso, 2000 - Political Science - 280 pages
Making Capitalism without Capitalists guides us towards a deeper understanding of the origins of modern capitalism. Classical social theory in its search for the genesis of capitalism explored the process of transition from feudalism to capitalism. Making Capitalism without Capitalists focuses instead on the transition from socialism to capitalism, where capitalism is made without a capitalist class. Making Capitalism without Capitalists reflects on the sociological characteristics of the Communist system breakdown in 1989 and offers a theory of social structure of post-Communist societies. 1989 is seen as a successful revolution led by the former technocratic fraction of the old Communist ruling estate against the bureaucracy. In order to secure its victory, however, the technocracy had to make substantial concessions to the former dissident intelligentsia. The irony of the post-Communist way to capitalism is that these most unlikely actors see 'building capitalism' as their historic task. By identifying some unique features of capitalism built on the ruins of socialism, Making Capitalism without Capitalists contributes to a deeper appreciation of the diversity of capitalism today.
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actors agents analysis argue Bourdieu bourgeois bureaucracy business ownership cadres Capital Economic capitalism without capitalists capitalist capitalist class Central Europe Central European Central European intellectuals CEOs civil society communism Communist Party concept context corporate countries cultural bourgeoisie cultural capital cultural elites Czech Republic David Stark deputy dissident intellectuals dissidents division heads dominant economic bourgeoisie economic capital economic elite educated middle classes employees feudal firms foreign former communist former dissident former nomenklatura members forms of capital habitus Hankiss historical Hungarian Hungary idea ideology individuals institutions intelligentsia Ivan Szelenyi Kocka management buy-out modern monetarism monetarist National owners percent Pierre Bourdieu Poland political capitalism political elite politocracy post-communism post-communist managerialism post-communist transition pre-communist propertied bourgeoisie rank order role ruling estate Russia sample second Bildungsburgertum secretary secretary-general Slovakia social capital social change social space social structure socialist Sociology Sonderweg state-socialist stratification TARKI technocrats theory tion trajectory vice presidents Weber