Israel and the Bomb (Google eBook)
Until now, there has been no detailed account of Israel's nuclear history. Previous treatments of the subject relied heavily on rumors, leaks, and journalistic speculations. But with Israel and the Bomb, Avner Cohen has forged an interpretive political history that draws on thousands of American and Israeli government documents—most of them recently declassified and never before cited—and more than one hundred interviews with key individuals who played important roles in this story. Cohen reveals that Israel crossed the nuclear weapons threshold on the eve of the 1967 Six-Day War, yet it remains ambiguous about its nuclear capability to this day. What made this posture of "opacity" possible, and how did it evolve?
Cohen focuses on a two-decade period from about 1950 until 1970, during which David Ben-Gurion's vision of making Israel a nuclear-weapon state was realized. He weaves together the story of the formative years of Israel's nuclear program, from the founding of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission in 1952, to the alliance with France that gave Israel the sophisticated technology it needed, to the failure of American intelligence to identify the Dimona Project for what it was, to the negotiations between President Nixon and Prime Minister Meir that led to the current policy of secrecy. Cohen also analyzes the complex reasons Israel concealed its nuclear program—from concerns over Arab reaction and the negative effect of the debate at home to consideration of America's commitment to nonproliferation.
Israel and the Bomb highlights the key questions and the many potent issues surrounding Israel's nuclear history. This book will be a critical resource for students of nuclear proliferation, Middle East politics, Israeli history, and American-Israeli relations, as well as a revelation for general readers.
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THE ARABS AND DIMONA
THE SIXDAY WAR
THE BATTLE OVER THE NPT
OPACITY TAKES HOLD
agreement Ambassador American visits Arab Atomic Energy Aviv Bar-Zohar Barbour Bergmann bomb CFPF commitment David Ben Gurion Dayan December decision Department deterrence Dimona project Dimona reactor Dinstein discussions Dostrovsky Eban Egypt Egyptian Eshkol FMRG Foreign Minister France French Golda Meir Gurion Ha'aretz Harman heavy water Hebrew IAEA IAEC Ibid interview by author introduce nuclear weapons Israel Israel Dostrovsky Israel's nuclear program Israel's security Israeli nuclear program Johnson July June Kennedy Kennedy's Knesset Komer Lavon Lavon Affair LBJL leaders letter Levi Eshkol MAPAI Mardor Meir Middle East military Ministry of Defense missile Nasser Ne'eman nonproliferation nuclear issue nuclear project nuclear proliferation nuclear weapons peaceful Peres's plutonium political President prime minister proliferation Rabin RAFAEL Rusk scientists Secretary Shalit Shimon Peres sign the NPT Soviet Telegram tion United uranium USNA visits to Dimona Warnke Weizmann Institute Yuval Ne'eman
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