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Wilt thou love such a woman? - What, to make thee an instrument, and play false strains upon thee! not to be endured!-Well, go your way to her, (for I see, love hath made thee a tame snake) and say this to her; That if she love me, I charge her to love thee: if she will not, I will never have her, unless thou entreat for her. If you be a true lover, hence, and not a word; for here comes more company.
[Exit Sil. Enter OLIVER. Oli, Good-morrow, fair ones: Pray you, if you know Where, in the purlieus' of this forest stands A sheep-cote, fenc'd about with olive-trees?
Cel. West of this place, down in the neighbour bottom,
Oli. If that an eye may profit by a tongue,
I see, love hath made thee a tame snake)] This term was, in our author's time, frequently used to express a poor contemptible fellow. So, in Sir John Oldcastle, 1600: “ poor snakes, come seldom to a booty.” Again, in Lord Cromwell, 1602;
the poorest snake,
- purlieus of this forest,] Purlieu, says Manwood's Treatise on the Forest Laws, c. xx, “Is a certaine territorie of ground adjoyning unto the forest, meared and bounded with unmoveable marks, meeres, and boundaries: which territories of ground was also forest, and afterwards disaforested againe by the perambulations made for the severing of the new forest from the old."
Reed. Bullokar, in his Expositor, 1616, describes a purlieu as “ a place neere joining to a forest, where it is lawful for the owner of the ground to hunt, if he can dispend fortie shillings by the yeere, of freeland.” Malone.
1 Left on your right hand,] i. e. passing by the rank of oziers, and leaving them on your right hand, you will reach the place.
Malone. 2 bestows himself
Like a ripe sister:] Of this quaint phraseology there is an
And browner than her brother. Are not you
Cel. It is no boast, being ask'd, to say, we are.
Oli, Orlando doth commend him to you both;
Ros. I am: What must we understand by this?
will know of me
I pray you, tell it.
example in King Henry IV, P.II: “How might we see Falstaff bestow himself to-night in his true colours ?” Steevens.
but the woman low, ] But, which is not in the old copy, was added by the editor of the second folio, to supply the metre. I suspect it is not the word omitted, but have nothing better to propose. Malone.
- napkin;] i. e. handkerchief. Ray says, that a pocket handkerchief is so called about Sheffield, in Yorkshire. So, in Greene's Never too Late, 1616: “I can wet one of my new lockram napkins with weeping."
Napery, indeed, signifies linen in general. So, in Decker's Honest Whore, 1635:
-prythee put me into wholesome napery." Again, in Chapman's May-Day, 1611: “Besides your munition of manchet napery plates." Naperia, Ital. Steevens.
5 Within an hour ;] We must read-within two hours. Johnson. May not within an hour signify within a certain time? Tyrwhitt.
of sweet and bitter fancy,] i. e. love, which is always thus described by our old poets, as composed of contraries. See a note on Romeo and Juliet, Act I, sc. ii.
So, in Lodge's Rosalynde, 1590: “I have noted the variable disposition of fancy, -a bitter pleasure wrapt in sweet prejudice.” Malone.
7 Under an oak, &c.]. The ancient copy reads—Under an old oak; but as this epithet hurts the measure, without improvement of the sense, (for we are told in the same line that its « boughs were moss'd with age," and afterwards, that its top was “bald
And high top bald with dry antiquity,
with dry antiquity'') I have omitted old, as an unquestionable interpolation. Steevens.
Under an oak, &c.] The passage stands thus in Lodge's novel: “Saladyne, wearie with wandring up and downe, and hungry with long fasting, finding a little cave by the side of a thicket, eating such fruite as the forrest did affoord, and contenting himself with such drinke as nature had provided, and thirst made delicate, after his repast he fell into a dead sleepe. As thus he lay, a hungry lyon came hunting downe the edge of the grove for pray, and espying Saladyne, began to ceaze upon him: but seeing he lay still without any motion, he left to touch him, for that lyons hate to pray on dead carkasses: and yet desirous to: have some foode, the lyon lay downe and watcht to see if he would stirre. While thus Saladyne slept secure, fortune that was careful of her champion, began to smile, and brought it so to passe, that Rosader (having stricken a deere that but lightly hart fled through the thicket) came pacing downe by the grove with a boare-speare in his hande in great haste, he spyed where a man lay asleepe, and a lyon fast by him: amazed at this sight, as he stood gazing, his nose on the sodaine bledde, which made him conjecture it was some friend of his. Whereupon drawing more nigh, he might easily discerne his visage, and perceived by his phisnomie that it was his brother Saladyne, which drave Rosader into a deepe passion, as a man perplexed, &c. But the present time craved no such doubting ambages: for he must ey.. ther resolve to hazard his life for his reliefe, or else steal away and leave him to the crueltie of the lyon. In which doubt hee thus briefly debated," &c. Steevens.
8 Ą lioness, with udders all drawn dry,] So, in Arden of Feversham, 1592:
- the starven lioness "When she is dry-suckt of her eager young.” Steevens.
And found it was his brother, his elder brother.
Cel. O, I have heard him speak of that same brother; And he did render him the most unnatural That liv'd 'mongst men. Oli.
And well he might so do, For well I know he was unnatural.
Ros. But, to Orlando ;-Did he leave him there,
Oli. Twice did he turn his back, and purpos’d so:
Cel. Are you his brother?
Was it you he rescu’d?
Oli. 'Twas I; but 'tis not I: I do not shame
Ros. But, for the bloody napkin?-
By, and by
And he did render him ---] i. e. describe him. Malone. So, in Cymbeline: “May drive us to a render where we have liv’d.” Steevens.
in which hurtling - ] To hurtle is to move with impetuosity and tumult. So, in Fulius Cæsar:
“ A noise of battle hurtled in the air." Again, in Nash's Lenten Stuff, &c. 1591: "-hearing of the gangs of good fellows that hurtled and bustled thither,” &c. Again, in Spenser's Fairy Queen, B. I, c. iv:
« All-hurtlen forth, and she with princely pace,” &c. Again, B. I, c. viii: “Came hurtling in full fierce, and forc’d the knight retire.”
Steevens. 2 As, how I came into that desert place;] I believe, a line following this has been lost. Malone. As, in this place, signifies -as for instance. So, in Hamlet :
“ As, stars with trains of fire," &c. I suspect no omission. Steevens.
Who gave me fresh array, and entertainment,
I would, I were at home. Cel. We 'll lead you thither:I pray you, will you take him by the arm?
Oli. Be of good cheer, youth:-You a man?-You lack a man's heart.
Ros. I do so, I confess it. Ah, sir,5 a body would think this was well counterfeited: I pray you, tell your brother how well I counterfeited.—Heigh ho!
Oli. This was not counterfeit; there is too great testi
3 Dyd in this blood;] Thus the old copy. The editor of the second folio changed this blood unnecessarily to-his blood. Oliver points to the handkerchief, when he presents it; and Rosalind could not doubt whose blood it was after the account that had been before given. Malone.
Perhaps the change of this into his, is imputable only to the compositor, who casually omitted the t.
Either reading may serve; and certainly that of the second folio is not the worst, be. cause it prevents the disgusting repetition of the pronoun, this, with which the present speech is infested. Steevens.
Cousin—Ganymede .'] Celia, in her first fright, forgets Rosalind's character and disguise, and calls out cousin, then recollects herself, and says, Ganymede. Johnson.
5 Ah, sir,] The old copy reads -Ah, sirra, &c. Corrected by the editor of the second folio. Malone.