Recent Advances in Biological Psychiatry: The Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Convention and Scientific Program of the Society of Biological Psychiatry, Detroit, Michigan, May 5–7, 1967

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 17, 2013 - Medical - 328 pages
A method of behavioral control which utilizes nutritive sucking as the operant has been evolved in our laboratory. Using this technique we studied the role of arousal and learning in the development of environ mental control over earliest feeding behavior. Few of the infants in our studies were able to coordinate their sucking behavior to arbitrary operant-discrimination schedules, but when the individual pattern of suck ing was taken into consideration, some infants rapidly adapted to the reinforcement schedule. Data from various reinforcement schedules suggest that earliest mothering involves a mutual adaptation in which the nurturing environment approximates and then entrains the infant's feeding behavior by a perceptive manipulation of the infant's state of arousal. Coordination between the infant and its environment sets the stage for associative learning, which develops following maturation of the infant's discriminative and response capacities. The process of behavioral acquisition begins with unconditioned feeding responses, which are transformed into complex learned behavior through the mediation of an appropriately reinforcing environment. The infants studied showed individual differences in susceptibility to environmental control and in response to frustration. The relative importance of arousal and learning as determinants of infant behavior are discussed and a hypothetical model for the earliest mother-infant relationship is proposed.
 

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Contents

PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS
1
DYNAMIC ASPECTS OF CHLORPROMAZINE METABOLISM F W Grant
16
BIOCHEMICAL DETERMINANTS IN THE EVALUATION OF MONOAMINEOXIDASE
29
ROLE OF WATER IN DRUG ACTION ON NERVE R I Ludmer and H C Sabelli
42
STRUCTURAL AND HISTOCHEMICAL CHANGE IN VENTRALHORN CELLS
53
MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY OF HALLUCINOGENS V S Johnston and R
74
SUMMARY REPORTS
100
NORMALIZATION OF SUBOPTIMAL
121
AVERAGED SOMATOSENSORY EVOKED RESPONSES IN VARIOUS PSYCHIATRIC
205
CORRELATIVE BEHAVIORAL AND EVOKEDPOTENTIAL ANALYSIS OF INHIBI
220
CODED STIMULATION OF THE EIGHTH NERVE AS A MEANS OF INVESTIGATING
240
THE ROLE OF BRAIN WAVES IN LEARNING AND OTHER INTEGRATIVE FUNC
249
SUMMARY REPORT
257
EFFECTS OF EARLY WEANING ON SOME FREE AMINO ACIDS AND ACETYL
266
TRACE REFLEX FORMATION IN SENESCENCE AND SENILITY L Solyom
294
THE EFFECT OF AROUSAL AND OF LEARNING UPON SUCKING BEHAVIOR
302

EFFECT of VITAMIN B12 on NEURONAL RNA AND on INSTRUMENTAL CoN
134
ICTUs AND AMNESIA Iver F Small and Joyce G Small
144
EFFECT OF ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY ON MEMORY IN DEPRESSIVE DIS
160
Is THERE AN ADDRESSED MEMORY IN THE NERVOUS SYSTEM? ACADEMIC
179
SOME ELECTROGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CHRONIC SCHIZOPHRENIC
194
SUMMARY REPORT
314
SUMMARY REPORTS
315
IN MEMORIAM
321
SUBJECT INDEX
327
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