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This end is sought to be accomplished by a careful analysis of the selections by means of questions. These questions may be considered as of three kinds :

1. Questions on the general scope of the piece and on the meaning of clauses and sentences;

2. Questions on the etymology and meaning of words ;

3. Questions on the emphases, inflections, quality of voice, &c., required to express the ascertained thought and emotion.

For the purpose of illustrating this, six of the selections, representing as many different classes of composition, are analyzed at length in the book. The questions in these analyses, although somewhat minute, are yet by no means exhaustive. They are intended to indicate the kind, rather than the extent, of the work which the teacher is to do.

The selections in the book have been made with great care, and are believed to be well adapted to their purpose. Many of them are marked by high excellence as literary productions; many breathe a spirit of lofty patriotism; many are fitted to charm by their beauty; some are calculated to amuse while they instruct; and all, it is thought, are within the pale of good taste. Some are well known, and are inserted on account of their unwaning merit; many are new and not at all inferior to the older and better known.

Copious notes are appended, which will be found useful in the explanation of biographical, historical, and other allusions. They have been written with care, and aim to give, in a small compass, as much as possible of what is worth remembering. Where access can be had to reference books, these notes may be extended by the pupil. Or the teacher may impart additional information on the subjects of them, - provided the pupils are required to remember and reproduce what is thus imparted.

The article on the phonic analysis of the language is believed to be more thorough, accurate, and philosophical than articles on that subject usually are.

And the compiler takes pleasure in accrediting it to Professor Thomas Metcalf, of the Illinois Normal University, whose assistance, in the preparation of that article and in a careful reading of the proof-sheets, bas been of great value in imparting to the book whatever of merit it has.

The compiler desires to express his acknowledgments to various authors and publishing firms for the permission, kindly granted, to make selections from their works. Among these there is especial reason for mentioning William Cullen Bryant, G. P. Putnam and Charles Scribner, of New York; George W. Childs, of Philadelphia; 0. D. Case & Co., of Hartford ; Mrs. Mary Mann, of Cambridge; and Ticknor & Fields, Crosby & Ainsworth, and Gould & Lincoln, of Boston.

58

59

PRACTICAL SUGGESTIONS, ...

THE USE OF Books For REFERENCE,.

64

65

SELECTIONS.

EXERCISE.

1. The Gray Old Man of the Mountain,..... Harry Hibbard .......... 67

Analysis of the same,.

68

2. Adventure with a Buffalo,.

William J. Snelling ..... 74

3. The Children's Hour,

..H. W. Longfellow.. 78

4. Oliver Cromwell, ....

Charles Dickens

79

5. England under Charles II.,.

Charles Dickens..

82

6. The Boys,.....

Oliver W. Holmes.. 85

7. The Spread of Christianity,

W. H. Milburn.

87

8. The Heritage, ..

.J. R. Lowell.

91

Analysis of the same,

93

9. Irritability,..

.Mrs. H. B. Stowe.

97

10. The Same Subjeet Continued,

102

11. The Same Subject Concluded,.

105

12. Our Oldest Friend,.

0. W. Holmes..

108

13. A Cheerful Temper,

William Adams

110

14.
Over the River,

Miss Nancy A. W. Priest. 112

15. The Village Preacher,...

Oliver Goldsmith.. 114

16. Character of Abraham Lincoln,

1:5

17. Washington..

Eliza Cook.

120

Analysis of the same,

122

18. Sympathy for Greece, ..

.Henry Clay....

125

19. The Stripes and The Stars,.,

Miss Elna Dean Proctor. 129

20. Eli Whitney,...

Horace Greeley.

130

21. The Deacon's Masterpiece..

..0. W. Holmes.

134

22. Travel,..

..J. H. Siddons.

138

23. The Lyre.

Milton Ward.

141

24. The Social Meeting,

O. W. Holmes.

143

25. Reply to Hayne,.

..Daniel Webster.. 147

PAGE

Analysis of the same,

149

26. The Goblet of Life,.....

.H. W. Longfellow. 155

27. Unfinished Problems of the Universe, ...0. M. Mitchel.... 158

28. The Comet,....

Thomas Hood.

160

Analysis of the same,.

163

29. The Irish Famine,.....

Archbishop Hughes. 166

30. Military Insubordination,..

H. Clay...

171

31. God's Judgment on a Wicked Bishop,... Robert Southey..... 174

32. We Cherish the Memory of our Honored

Dead,.......

. Edward Everett ..... 177

33. The Veto Power, ...

.H. Clay....

182

34. The Poor Voter on Election day,........J. G. Whittier.

185

35. Responsibility of a Representative,. Edmund Burke..

186

36. The Same Subject Continued,..

189

37. The Eve of Election,

.J. G. Whittier.

191

38. An Oration on La Fayette,.

Charles Sumner.

194

39. The Battle of Bunker Hill,..

F. S. Cozzens..

198

40. Proclamation on Nullification,

. Andrew Jackson.. 202

41. The Same Subject Continued,.

205

42. Last Inaugural of Lincoln,.

208

43. The Inchcape Rock, ....

Robert Southey..

211

44. Doleful Evils" of the Press,

Andrew Marvell..

45. Barbara Frietchie,..

.J. G. Whittier...

215

46. Trial of Warren Hastings,

T. B. Macaulay.

217

Analysis of the same,.

221

47. Invocation to Light,

.John Milton.

228

48. The Pretext of Rebellion,.

. S. A. Douglas..

229

49. No Neutrals : Only Patriots and Traitors, S. A. Douglas..

231

50. The Roman Twins,.

A. J. H. Duganne.. 233

51. A Tribute to Abraham Lincoln,.. .J. R. Lowell..

234

52. The Main Truck: vr, a Leap for Life,.. G. P. Morris.

237

53. Passage of the Potomac through the

Blue Ridge,....

Thomas Jefferson..... 238

54. Influence of Slavery,.

Thomas Jefferson ..... 239

55. Christian in Doubting Castle, ..John Bunyan..

241

56. The Same Subject Continued,

244

57. Rock Me to Sleep,......

. Anonymous..

247

58. We should not Despise Small Begin-

nings,....

· Anonymous

249

59. Farewell Address,...

.George Washington..... 251

60. War Better than a False Peace, . Mrs. E. B. Browning.... 255

61. Our Heroes, Living and Dead, George Putnam.. 257

62. Through Death to Life,..

..Henry Harbaugh... 260

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