The West India Question Practically Considered

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J. Murray, 1826 - Slavery - 121 pages

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Page 104 - That through a determined and persevering, but, at the same time, judicious and temperate enforcement of such measures, this House looks forward to a progressive improvement in the character of the slave population, such as may prepare them for a participation in those civil rights and privileges which are enjoyed by other classes of his majesty's subjects.
Page 119 - Jussus, et erectos ad sidera tollere vultus ;'' — when he has been taught to appreciate the endearments of family connexions, the ties of kindred, and the blessings of property, — when his nature, as well as his condition, has been thus improved, — then comes the fit opportunity for considering a subject, which is surrounded by many practical difficulties — the admissibility of the evidence of slaves in courts of justice. It would be as wild to say, that the evidence of slaves should be indiscriminately...
Page 7 - That the State of Slavery is repugnant to the principles of the British Constitution, and of the Christian Religion ; and that it ought to be gradually abolished throughout the British Colonies, with as much expedition as may be found consistent with a due regard to the well-being of the parties concerned.
Page 120 - Christopher's, and Tobago. A natural consequence of the determination to impart religious instruction to the slaves, will be the abolition of Sunday markets, and of Sunday labour. The Order in Council prescribes this abolition, so soon as the means of religious worship shall be established. It prescribes immediately a restriction of the Sunday market, within certain hours — ultimately, as I have said, its total abolition. In some of the colonies this regulation is already partially anticipated.
Page 23 - Slavery in the colonies, to be accomplished by the same happy means which formerly put an end to it in England; namely, by a benign, though insensible, revolution in opinions and manners, by the encouragement of particular manumissions, and the progressive melioration of the condition of the Slaves, till it should slide insensibly into general freedom. They looked, in short, to an emancipation, of which not the Slaves, but the masters, should be the willing instruments or authors.
Page 23 - They did not aim at an emancipation to be effected by insurrection in the West Indies, or to be ordained precipitately by positive law : but they never denied, and scrupled not to avow, that they did look forward to a future extinction of slavery in the colonies, to be accomplished by the same happy means which formerly put an end to it in England ; namely, by a benign, though...
Page 109 - SouthCarolina, a British colony, passed an act to prohibit further importation ; but Great Britain rejected this act with indignation, and declared that the slave trade was beneficial and necessary to the mother country. The governors of the colonies had positive orders to sanction no law enacted against the slave trade. In Jamaica, in the year 1765, ^^attempt was made to abolish the trade to that island.
Page 120 - By this process, and by these degrees, may the slave be gradually fitted for the last grand consummation of benefit, the power of acquiring his freedom. Heretofore the restraints on granting manumissions were extremely numerous; but these are now considerably reduced; several taxes and imposts have been removed in different colonies; and in others a like disposition has been manifested. The Order in Council, however, goes beyond what has been hitherto at all generally practised in the colonies. It...
Page 77 - Hindostan, may continue to work with perfect vigour though receiving as his natural wages, only such supply of covering, as would be insufficient to preserve a labourer in Russia from perishing. Even in countries situated in the same climate, different habits of living, will often occasion variations in the natural price of labour, as considerable as those, which are produced by natural causes.
Page 20 - ... for not less than one month nor more than six months, or to both fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the court, and to forfeiture of license ; one-half the fine to be paid to the informer and the other half to the State.

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