« PreviousContinue »
buried, to reconcile bis Father to us, and to be a Sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for a&tual fins of men,
This Article contains Ten Propositions.
the blessed Virgin, of her Substance. 6. By the Son's taking Man's Nature, two whole
and perfect Natures, that is to say, the Gods head and Manhood, were joyned together in
one Person, 7. The two Natures joynd together in one Per
son, are never to be divided. 8: Of those two Natures joyn'd in one Person
is One Christ. 9. Christ is very God and very Man. 10. Christ truly suffer'd, was crucified, dead and buried, to reconcile his Father to us, and to be a Sacrifice, not only for Original Guilt, but also for Actual Sins of Men.
The First Proposition is evident from Fobn 1.14 where Christ (who is the Incarnate Son, as the Article afterwards declares) is expresly call’d the Word, that is, the Word of the Father; because he was in the beginning with the Father, v. 2. and is One God with the Father, as the last Proposition of the First Article afferts.
The Second and Third Propositions. See Bishop Pearson on the Second Article, beginning at His only Son, and ending at Our Lord,
The Fourth is therefore true, because there can be no more than One God, according to the Sixth Proposition of the First Article.
The Fifth and Sixth Propositions. See Bishop Pearson on the Third Article.
The Seventh Propofition needs no other Proof, besides this lingle Consideration, viz. That since Christ must ever continue in that Glory which he is pofseffed of; therefore that Union of the two Natures, by which he is Christ, must ever conti
The Eighth Proposition is included in the Sixth.
The Ninth Proposition is included in the Third and Fifth.
The Tenth Proposition. See what References I have already made touching Christ's Satisfaction, in the foregoing Directions for Studying
Studying a General System or Body of Divinity, p. 16, avlot vad ni so
The THIRD ARTICLE. 03. Of the Going down of Christ into Hell. A
s Christ died for us, and was buried : So also it is to be believed, that
. be went down into Hell. That Christ died for us, and was buried, we have seen in the Tenth Propohtion of the Second Article. Of his Descent into Hell, fee Bishop Pear. son on the Fifth Article, down to He rose again.
Here it may not be improper to observe one thing. We learn from Bishop Pearson, that there are different Senses of this Article. One of them is, that Hell betokens the Grave; and consequent
ly that the Descent into it is the same with Burial. And perhaps there is good Ground to believe, that this was the Original Sense of that Word in this Article. At least I am persuaded, that in Pfal. 16. 11. which is quoted and applied by St. Peter, Aets. 2. 27, 31. and upon which the Belief of the Descent into Hell is generally grounded, it is to be understood in this Sense. But then 'tis plain, that our Church by the Descent into Hell means something different from the Burial of Christ. For she manifestly distinguishes the one from the other. This is evident from the Words of the Article. The Question therefore is, how that Man, who believes that the Word Hell in Psal. 16. 11. and Acts 2. 27,31. betokens nothing but the Grave (as the Reader may perhaps find good Reason to do) can honestly subscribe this Article.
I answer, that the Church excludes no Sense of the Word Hell in this Article, except that which saies, that by Hell is meant the Grave. Wherefore the Church very freely allows us to subscribe this Article in Bishop Pearson's Sense, who faies, that Hell betokens the State of departed Souls. And that QUI: is acknowledged even by those who believe that the Word Hei in Pfal. 16. 11. and Akts 2. 27, 31. betokens the Grave. So that tho' they interpret those Texts in the Sense before mention'd, yet they acknowledge the Truth of what the Church allows them to mean by Christ's Descent into Hell. And consequently they may subscribe it. For the Church does not require them to declare, that the Word Hell in Pfal. 16. 11, and A&ts 2. 27, 31. ligni. fies the State of separate Souls: but only to'lubscribe to the Descent into Hell in general ; whether it be prov'd by those, or by any other Texts ;
and this they may certainly do in the Sense before mention'd.
'Tis true, those who subscribe after this manner, must then understand the Word Hell in the Article, in a Sense very different from that in which 'tis us'. in those Texts; and perhaps in a Sense very diffe. rent from that in which 'twas understood by the greater part of that Convocation which passed the Article it Telf: but then it must be remembred, that Words are but arbitrary Signs, and that the Signification of them may by inveterate and allow'd Practice be alter'd, or even chang'd fometimes to the quite contrary, as we find by a Variety of Instances in our own Tongue. And therefore that Person, who subscribes the Word Hell in a Sense which the Church allows (tho' it be different from what it bears in some other Places, or perhaps from what was first intended by the Covocation it self) does very honestly.
It may be objected perhaps, that the Church distinguishes the Descent into Hell, not only from the Burial, but also from the Death of Christ : whereas, if by the Descent into Hell we mean his Departure into the State of separate Souls; then the Death of Christ, and his Descent into Hell, are the same thing; because a Man's dying implies his Departure into the State of separate Souls. But I answer, that tho' a Man's Departure into the State of separate Souls be the Consequence of Death, considering that State and Order of things which God has appointed; yer 'tis not Death it felf. For Death betokens only the Separation of Soul and Body ; and 'ris poffible in the Nature of the thing, that this Separation may be made, al. . tho' the Parts separated should from the Moment of their Separation cease to be. Wherefore Death
and the Descent into Hell, are really distinct in themselves, tho’ the one, by virtue of God's Appointment, certainly follows the other.
The FOURTH ARTICLE. .
Of the Resurrection of Christ.
HRIST did truly rise again from Death, and took again
his body, with flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfection of man's nature, wherewith be ascended into heaven, and there sitteth until be return to judge all men at the lajt day.
This Article contains Four Propositions.
took again his Body, with Flesh, Bones, and
Man's Nature. 2. Christ did, with his said Body, Flesh, &c.
ascend into Heaven. 3. Christ shall return from Heaven to judge all
Men at the last Day. 4.
Christ sitteth in Heaven, until he return to judge all Men at the Last Day.
The First Proposition. See Bishop Pearson on the Fifth Article, beginning at He rose again; and the Fourteenth Chapter of the Second Part of the First Volume of Dr. Fenkin's Reasonableness and Certainty of the Christian Religion, and the Twenty eighth Chapter of the Second Volume of the said Book ; and the Eleventh Section of Dr. Whitby's General Preface to his first Volume of Annotations,