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tor happily imitates him, being not unmindful of the Rule prescrib’d by one of his Poëtical Masters;
Your Author always will the Best advise ;
Earl of RoscoMMON.
It is presumed no-body will be displeased with the Occasional Verses of a Gayer Turn : they were the Fruits of a Youthful Fancy, and contain nothing but what is Chaste and Innocent. Mr. Say did not make Virtue to consist in a Stoical Apathy, but had a Heart fusceptible of Every tender, social, and humane Paffion.
Some of the Poëms on Moral and Divine Subjects are lively Paintings of the Author's humble, unainbitious Mind; and others the Spontaneous Offering of a grateful Heart for the Grace and Goodness of God to Mankind in the Creation and Redemption of the World.
The Two Elays were drawn up about Seven Years ago, at the Request of Mr. RICHARDSON the Painter, who was pleased with Mr. Sax's uncommon Way of Thinking on those Subjects.
The Author was the more careful to point out some of
the Beauties in Paradise Regain’d, in hopes of exciting a Curiosity to peruse That Poëm, which, tho' supposed far inferior to PARADISE Lost in the General Plan, has, nevertheless, many shining Passages : And Some prefer the Fourth Book of PARADISE REGAin'd to the latter Books of PARADISE Lost.
Mr. Say, as well as Mr. ADDISON, was a profest Admifer of Chevy-CHACE. Whoever has the fame Taste will. be pleased to find the only Absurdity in that memorable Ballad, corrected * here from the Old Edition of it printed by OTTERBURN in the Reign of Harry the Sixth.
'The Printer having desired some small Piece to compleat the last Sheet, it was thought that the Author's rational Aca count of the Scripture Sense of the Word Preaching might be acceptable to the Reader.
It is not, perhaps, proper to attempt, in this place, Mr. Say's Character as a Minister of the Gospel : And, besides, That has been already given by Dr. Hughes in the Sermon. preach'd on occasion of his Funeral: From which, however, I beg leave to quote a single Passage: The Words are these; “ He never confined himself to the Sentiments of Any Party, " in the things of Religion; but followed wheresoever his “ Reason, his Conscience, and the Scriptures led him.”
* Efsay the Second, p. 168,
But it will not be thought foreign to the Office of an Editor of a Poëtical Work, just to touch the Out-lines of his Character as a GenTLEMAN and a SCHOLAR.
He had great Candor and Good-breeding, without Stiffness or Formality, an Open Countenance, and a Temper always Communicative,
He was a tender Husband, an indulgent Father, and of a most benevolent Disposition; ever ready to do Good, and to relieve the Wants of the Distrest to the utmost Extent of his Fortune.
He was well versed in Astronomy and Natural Philosophy; had a Taste for Music and Poëtry, was a good Critic, and a Master of the Classics.' Yet with all these Accomplishments (so great was his Modesty !) his Name was scarce known but to a few select Friends. Among these, however, he thought himself happy that he could number the late Mr. John Hughes, Dr. William Harris, Dr. Isaac Watts, &c.
He had such a Diffidence of his own Performances, that he never published above Two or Three Sermons; and
'Those 56 ders
Those were in a manner extorted from him by the Impor. tunity of the Congregation. The Reader will not therefore be displeased to find here a Specimen of his Turn and Address in Preaching. The following Passages from his Manuscript Sermons will be sufficient to give some Idéa of it.
The different Effeets of an Arbitrary and a Free Government : In a Sermon preach'd soon after the Author's Return from a Journey to Paris.
" We may observe therefore, here, the Difference bes tween a Free People and a Nation of Slaves.
« In Countries that are Free, you may discern a Face « of Riches and an Air of Felicity amongst the meanest “ of the People ; and wherever you go, you observe the « sensible Effects of Trade and Commerce encouraged " and secured. Every Spot of Ground is improved : The « Valleys are raised; the Hills are levell’d; the crooked 6 Places are made ftrait, and the rough are planed; • Bounds are even fet to the raging Ocean; and a Lake or " Marsh becomes a rich and various Paradise of Pleasure. « The Land is thick set with Cities every Hour of the « Journey ; and the Cities- crowded with Inhabitants, “ while the Traveller, equally pleas’d and aftonished, won
“ ders by what secret Mines of Treasure, or by what Force " and Magic of Policy, such vast Numbers are supported
and maintained in so narrow a Compass ; nor only “ maintained, but capable of dispensing and communi
cating from their own exuberant Wealth to all the “ Country round about 'em, that at once feeds, and is “ fed by them. On the other hand, in Kingdoms un" der the Power of Arbitrary Government, you see al“ most nothing but a general Appearance of Poverty and
Misery ; nothing but Rags and Nakedness, Beggary and « Desolation from one End to the other ; 'till you come
to One proud City, the Court and Seat of the Ty
rant, which devours all the Wealth of the Land, and “ builds it's own Greatness and Magnificence on the Cala“ mity of many Provinces and whole Kingdoms, whose " Treasures are drain’d to raise and support it. And, there“ fore, as Europe is the Seat of Liberty, we see also that so it is the Seat of Power and Riches Superior to all the “ rest of the World, and that, by this single Advantage, “ the smallest, the most bleak, barren, and ragged Por« tion of the Earth is rendered preferable to all the Navy « tive Riches of the wider and more fertile Eaf.
“ And thus it will ever be, where every Man is secure " that he toils for himself, that the Stranger shall not de