Peasant Revolution in Ethiopia: The Tigray People's Liberation Front, 1975-1991
In the wake of the overthrow of the Haile-Selassie regime in Ethiopia in 1974 and the coming to power of the military, a number of opposition forces launched insurrections. But only one movement, the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) triumphed, liberating Tigray in 1989, and in an ethnic-based coalition which it dominated, assuming state power in 1991. This is the first chronicle of the history of that struggle, and it is based largely on interviews with peasants who formed the core of the Tigrayan revolution and the TPLF leadership. It provides the necessary background to understanding post-1991 political developments in Ethiopia. It also offers an explanation of peasant-based revolution that contrasts with contemporary approaches by Marxists, Skocpol, and in particular the works of Wolf, Paige and Scott, all of whom largely ignore the political considerations and the role of the revolutionary party, which Dr Young identifies as a critical element in his study.
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Abi Adi Addis Ababa Adet woreda Adigrat administration Adwa Afar Africa Agame agricultural Amhara Amharigna areas Aregowie army Axum beneﬁts Berhe centre Church conﬂict countryside cultural democratic Derg Derg’s difﬁcult dominated economic Endaselasie EPLF EPLF’s EPRDF EPRP Eritrea established Ethiopia Ethiopian Orthodox Church ethnic famine February feudal ﬁeld ﬁghting ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁrst forces Front Gebre Gebru Tareke Ghidey Gondar Haile-Selassie highlands inﬂuence Interview January Kashi land reform large numbers leaders Maichew March Markakis Mekelle Meles Zenawi Mengesha ment military mobilisation Moslem movement nationalist nobility ofﬁcials old regime opposition organisation Oromo peasant revolt peasantry People’s petit bourgeoisie political population programme province Red Terror reﬂected regional result revolution revolutionary role rural Sebhat Sheraro Shoan signiﬁcant Sobia social struggle Sudan tabia Tembien Teranaﬁt Tigray’s Tigrayan peasants Tigrigna tion towns TPLF cadres TPLF leadership TPLF’s traditional University urban western Tigray Wollo women woreda Woyene Yohannis