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Av E17 17.
På utste eiere zurem;
Miestai 1.6 cs nec faret ipsa suo.
geprosaorijamus delitoisse Jovens ;
D.E2 in Islins vivere swisse dies;
Ane Curonides, sape rigante dea.
Et oeler a Phæbo nuntius ire tuo ;
Aliper, ætherea missus ab arce Patris :
Rettulit Atridæ jussa severa ducis.
Sæva nimis Musis, Palladi sæva nimis,
Turba quidem est telis ista petenda tuis :
Et madeant lacrymis nigra feretra tuiso.
Personet et totis nænia mesta scholis.
· The person here commemorated is Richard Ridding, one of the univ a master of arts of St. John's college, Cambridge. He signed a tes September 23, 1626, proved the cigbth of November following.–T. W
It was a custom at Cambridge, lately disused, for one of the beadles tion of convocations in every college. This is still in use at Oxford.— 1
1 Talis, &c. These allusions are proofs of our author's early familiarity with Home
m Magna sepulcrorum regina. A sublime poetical appellation for Death; and much in the manner of 1 -T. WARTON.
– Pondus inutile terra. Homer, “ 11." xviii. 104.-Jos. Warton.
• El madeant lacrymis nigra feretra tuis. Here seems to be an allusion to the custom of affixing verses on the haps more generally observed at Cambridge. “Lacrymis tuis” are the "tear" is in " Lycidas," v. 14.- Todd.
This Elegy, with the next on the death of bishop Andrewes, the Ode professor Goslyn and bishop Felton, and the poem on the fifth of No correct and manly performances for a boy of seventeen. This was year at Cambridge. They discover a great fund and command of anc T. Warton.
Hærebantque animo tristia plura meo:
Fecit in Angliaco quam Libitina solo 9;
Dira sepulcrali Mors metuenda face ;
Nec metuit satrapum sternere falce greges.
Intempestivis ossa cremata rogis :
Flevit et amissos Belgia tota duces.
Wintoniæque olim gloria magna tuæ ;
“ Mors fera, Tartareo diva secunda Jovi,
Et quod in herbosos jus tibi detur agros?
Et crocus, et pulchræ Cypridi sacra rosa ?
Miretur lapsus prætereuntis aquæ ?
Evehitur pennis, quamlibet augur, avis ;
Et quot alunt mutum Proteos antra pecus.
Quid juvat humana tingere cæde manus;
Semideamque animam sede fugasse sua ?”
Roscidus occiduis Hesperus exit aquis,
Phæbus, ab Eoo littore mensus iter : p Lancelot Andrewes, bishop of Winchester, had been originally master of Pembroke. hall in Cambridge ; but long before Milton's time. He died at Winchester-house in Southwark, Sept. 21, 1626.— T. Warton.
9 Fecit in Angliaco quam Libitina solo. A very severe plague now raged in London and the neighbourhood, of which 35,417 persons are said to have died.-T. WARTON.
r Tunc memini clarique ducis, &c. I am kindly formed by Sir David Dalrymple, — “ The two generals here mentioned, who died in 1626, were the two champions of the Queen of Bohemia ; the Duke of Brunswick, and Count Mansfelt: “Frater' means a sworn brother in arms, according to the military cant of those days. The next couplet respects the death of Henry Earl of Oxford, who died not long before.” Henry, Earl of Oxford, Shakspeare's patron, died at the siege of Breda in 1625.-T. WARTON.
· El Tarlessiaco, &c. Ovid, “ Metam." xiv. 416 :-" Presserat occiduus Tartessia littora Phæbus.”
23 si tirti Tenis cctii.
2:31 réerre szeem.
D: Hapers Earet areca Tar
Aan2 sc innmaris kena 12:a roeis.
Luciferi regis fingitar se dosus.
Et pellucentes mirar o se locos,
Sidereum nitido fuisit in ore jubar ;
Infula divinum cinxerat alba caput:
Intremuit læto florea terra sono.
Pura triumphali personat æthra tuba.
Hosque aliquis placido misit ab ore sonos:-
Semper abhinc duro, nate, labore vaca "."
At mihi cum tenebris aurea pulsa quies.
Talia contingant somnia sæpe mihi ! tessiacus " occurs in Martial, “ Epigr.” ix. 46. We are to underst Hercules, or the Atlantic Ocean.-T. WARTON.
? Non dea lam variis ornarit floribus hortos
Alcinoi, Zephyro Chloris amata levi. Eden is compared to the Homeric garden of Alcinous, “ Paradise L ix. 439. Chloris is Flora, who, according to ancient fable, was beloved ! our author is to be explained, “ Paradise Lost,” b. v. 16:
Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes.-T, WARTON.
Semper abhinc duro, nate, labore vaca. Rev. xiv. 18 :-"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from saith the Spirit; for they rest from their labours.”—Jos. Warton.
Milton, as he grew old in puritanism, must have looked back with d on the panegyric of this performance, as on one of the sins of his youth, orthodoxy : for he had here celebrated, not only a bishop, but a bishop dignity and constitution of the Church of England in their most extens distinguished favourite of Elizabeth and James, and the defender of rega WARTON.
agentes, pastoris munere fungentem".
ANNO ETATIS 18.
I, pete Teutonicos læve per æquor agros;
Et festinantis nil remoretur iter.
Æolon, et virides sollicitabo deos,
Ut tibi dent placidam per sua regna viam.
Vecta quibus Colchis fugit ab ore viri ";
Gratus Eleusina missus ab urbe puer.
Ditis ad Hamburgæ mænia flecte gradum,
Cimbrica quem fertur clava dedisse neci.
Præsul, Christicolas pascere doctus oves :
Dimidio vitæ vivere cogor ego.
Me faciunt alia parte carere mei !
Cliniadi, pronepos qui Telamonis erat 2; Thomas Young, now pastor of the church of English merchants at Hamburg, was Milton's private preceptor, before he was sent to St. Paul's school. Aubrey, in his manuscript Life, calls him, a puritan in Essex, who citt his haire short.” Under such an instructor, Milton probably first imbibed the principles of puritanism : but whatever were Young's religious instructions, our author professes to have received from this learned master his first introduction to the study of poetry, v. 29.
This Thomas Young, who appears to have returned to England in or before the year 1628, was Dr. Thomas Young, a member of the Assembly of Divines, where he was a constant attendant, and one of the authors of the book called “Smectymnuus," defended by Milton; and who, from a London preachership in Duke's-place, was preferred by the parliament to the mastership of Jesus College in Cambridge : Neale's Hist. Pur." iii. 122, 59. Clarke, a calvinistic biographer, attests that he was “ a man of great learning, of much prudence and piety, and of great ability and fidelity in the work of the ministry," _" Lives," p. 194.–T. WARTON. * “ Take the swift car of Medea, in which she fled from her husband.”—T. Warton.
* Aut queis Triptolemus, &c. Triptolemus was carried from Eleusis in Greece, into Scythia, and the most uncultivated regions of the globe, on winged serpents, to teach mankind the use of wheat.-T. Warton.
y Dicitur occiso quæ ducere nomen ab Hama. Krantzius, a Gothic geographer, says, that the city of Hamburg in Saxony took its name from Hama, a puissant Saxon champion, who was killed on the spot where that city stands by Starchater, a Danish giant. The “ Cimbrica clava” is the club of the Dane. In describing Hamburg, this romantic tale could not escape Milton.-T. Warton. 2 Dearer than Socrates to Alcibiades, who was the son of Clinias, and has this appel.
Quamque Stagyrites a generoso magnus alumno,
Quem peperit Libyco Chaonis alma Jovi.
Myrmidonum regi, talis et ille mihi.
Lustrabam, et bifidi sacra vireta jugi;
Castalio sparsi læta ter ora mero.
Induxitque auro lanea terga novo ;
Gramine, bisque tuas abstulit Auster opes :
Aut linguæ dulces aure bibisse sonos.
Quam sit opus monitis, res docet, ipsa vides.
Mulcentem gremio pignora cara suo :
Versantem, aut veri Biblia sacra Dei :
Grande salutiferæ religionis opus.
Dicere quam decuit, si modo adesset, herum.
Verba verecundo sis memor ore loqui :-
Mittit ab Angliaco littore fida manus.
Fiat et hoc ipso gratior illa tibi.
Icaris a lento Penelopeia viro.
Ipse quod ex omni parte levare nequit ?
Et pudet officium deseruisse suum.
Crimina diminui, quæ patuere, solent.
leo. lation in Ovid's “ Ibis,”—“Cliniadæque modo,”' &c. v. 635. Alcibiades, was anciently descended from Eurysaces, a son of the Telamonian Ajax.* Aristotle, preceptor to Alexander the Great.-T. Warton.
b Qualis Amyntorides, qualis Philyrëius heros. Phænix, the son of Amyntor, and Chiron, both instructors of Achilles are, of the love of scholars to their masters, in ancient history.— T. War
· Two years and one month; in which had passed three vernal equino and two winters. Young, we may then suppose, went abroad in Febru Milton was about fifteen.
But compare their prose correspondence, wb “ quod autem plusquam triennio nunquam ad te scripserim."-T. WARTO