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published in the Morning Post, that we the people by means of a church esta. pray for the dead in the prayer for “ The blishment, is not to go to the Bible, but Church militant here on earth.” Does to tradition ; not to be guided by sound that anonymous new-light oracle know doctrine, but by assumed apostolical that there was formerly in that prayer succession. We were glad to see that a supplication for mercy to departed the Times newspaper, with a degree of saints, which was carefully expunged; theological and ecclesiastical acumen and that to prevent even the possibility which we did not give its conductors of mistake from old associations, the credit for, has replied to Mr. Glad. limiting words here on earth

stone's arguments, which not only subadded to the words “ Church militant ?" vert the established church of Scotland, Even Mr. Palmer, who himself approves and the Protestant churches on the conof prayers for the dead, is constrained tinent, but tend to raise a universal to admit that the Church of England outcry against our own, as bigoted, has banished them; he expressly men- exclusive, domineering, and persecuting. tions the very prayer in question, and We have shewn, in a former paper, also the funeral service, as instances of that no church so little deserves this designed omission; and he even pro- character ; and we defy Mr. Gladstone ceeds to shew, that as popery had con- to adduce from her Articles, Homilies, or nected purgatory with them, the rejec- Prayer-book, any thing that favours his tion may be defended on the ground of hypothesis. “expediency.” Wheatly also, who op- We will venture to quote a portion posed the practice, acknowledges that of the strictures in the Times; not the words “here on earth” were a de- merely, however, for the sake of the resigned exclusion. Comber likewise, marks themselves, powerful, and, in the speaking of the same prayer, says :

main solid, as they are, but as evincing " Those prayers for the dead, which the what from the first we have urged, that Roman missal hath bere added to this the Oxford Tracts, instead of affording a office, our Church hath prudently re- rallying point of union, as their authors jected, because they have no ground in professed to hope they would, are a fireScripture, nor good foundation in the brand which, unless timely extinguished, purest antiquity;" and he adds, that will involve the Church of England, and

they can do no good to the wicked with it all Christendom, in one wide who alone need them; and are a dis- conflagration. We will only add, that paragement to holy persons by suppos

while with the writers in the Times ing them in a state of misery.”

we feel astonished that divines who so

widely deviate from the doctrines of the The above is not the only theological Church of England can feel justified in or ecclesiastical subject which has been remaining within her walls, and eating a subject of newspaper discussion ; for her bread, we do not concur in the indeed several of the most stirring ques- personal attack upon the sincerity and tions of the day are closely connected honesty of Dr. Pusey, and many others with matters of religion ; as the Lord's who have adopted these unscriptural Day question; the Education question, opinions. Some young men, of neither whether in England or Ireland; the learning nor devotional habits, give eviIrish Church question ; and the gigantic dence of having taken them up from question of National Church Establish- sheer vanity to be thought somebody, ments. This last has been recently and to be members of a higher ecclesiasurged upon the public in a volume by a tical aristocracy than poor snubbed Prostatesman of high character and great testantism can boast of; while we fear ability, Mr. W. E. Gladstone. We re- there are cases in which the most sordid joice to see that Mr. Gladstone has the selfishness has impelled a blustering courage to rise above the ranks of mere hypocritical adoption of a system which political conservatism, and to take up is supposed to stand in favour in some the question upon the sacred ground of influential quarters; but for the most Christian obligation. But we lament part we believe the hangers-on to be to say, that he has marred his object, sincere, though misguided, as we do not and we fear seriously injured the cause for a moment doubt the principals are. he meant to defend, by occupying ground The following are the remarks in the not tenable ; placing the church of Christ upon the basis assumed by the “ Our readers are doubtless aware, church of Rome and in the Oxford that within these two or three years a Tracts; causing us to frateruise with number of clergymen at Oxford, being the Greek and Latin, and to repudiate disgusted with the supposed abuses and all the Protestant churches ; so that a divisions attributable to the Protestant legislature, in seeking to promote the doctrine of private judgment in matglory of God and the spiritual welfare of ters of religion,' bave fallen back upon

Times :

the Reformation as the instrumental passages in Mr. W. E. Gladstone's cause of these evils, and in their anxiety recently published volume, that that to deprecate and neutralize the inden able and accomplished person is deeply, feasible right of every Christian con- and, we fear, irrecoverably contami. science to exert its best ability in nated with these new-fangled Oxford ascertaining the meaning of Scripture, bigotries : and, after having successfully they have deliberately adopted some of enthralled such a mind as his, their the very worst figments of Popery, progress must be looked to with jeawhich, with the large ecclesiastical lousy and alarm by every sound Profunds intrusted to them for the dissemi. testant in the kingdom.” nation of the Protestant faith, they are industriously propagating through the We rejoice to see that the plan of entire kingdom, by means of certain commercial or middle schools, which stupid and perfidious pamphlets, en- we adverted to in our last Number, is titled Tracts for the Times.' These being zealously taken up in various men, be it observed, as ordained clergy- parts of the kingdom; and we doubt men of the reformed church of England, not that every diocese will follow the are swore to its entire canons and Protes- example. The meeting at Lichfield tant faith! If they are of opinion, as was attended by numerous persons of positively affirmed by themselves, that rank, station, and high character in the our noble church is too Protestant for neighbourhood ; but we select it for their conscientious convictions, let notice for the sake of adverting to the them show their conscientiousness by important address of Sir R. Peel, who resigning the emoluments which they said that it is a great defect in our ec. now employ for her disparagement; and clesiastical institutions that they have let them openly join the Romish con- no connexion with religious instruction federacy at once, in favour of whose in conformity with the principles and claims to genuine Christian Catholicism formularies of the Church of England. they are labouring might and main in He thought it better to accomplish the the very heart of the Protestant garri- object of national education, if possible, son. But as long as, with their present by voluntary efforts, rather than to soanti-Protestant sentiments, they persist licit the aid of authority ; for it is in in retaining Protestant benefices and vain, he said, to expect the assistance obligations, their pretences to con- of her Majesty's government; but, he scientiousness can deserve nothing but added, “ If the clergy and laity of the unmitigated contempt.

Until they Church of England will unite, and repurge their consciences from the guilt solve to use their voluntary, energetic of compounding them for filthy lucre's efforts, they will assume a position, sake, we must sternly deny to Dr. which they have the power to do, of Pusey and his associates the smallest establishing a system of Christian educredit for moral integrity in their inno- cation independent of any government, vations. Their reputation shall not and of defying any attempt that may be stand them instead of bona fide charac- made to proscribe any institution in ter. Their professed condemnation of connexion with the Church.” They certain corruptions in the Romish apos. ought, he said, to avow explicitly that tacy shall not excuse them for their they demand not merely religious edupassionate and infatuated defence of cation, but education in connexion with ber pretended Catholic integrity. The the doctrines and discipline of the infamy of perjury, as identified with the Church of England. He considered violation of their Protestant vows, is this avowal better, than by compromise adhering to them in its most odious or sacrifice to attempt a system that form; and as long as they continue to must end in failure and disappointment. devour and desecrate the shewbread of We feel convinced that these views are England's church, we shall not cease solid. Sir R. Peel, we presume, did to denounce these Oxford Jesuits as not mean that the legislature ought not meanly endeavouring to effect within to aid the work, but only that it will our Establishment what the Hon. and not. The duty and necessity of naRev. Mr. Spencer is more honestly tionally connecting popular education striving for out of it. It is time for us with the Established Church we are to speak out upon this subject. It is glad to see admitted by this eminent fit that our slumbering and unsuspect- statesman. We do not disparage any ing country should be made duly sen- thing that can be truly called “ religisible of the insolent and audacious ous education ;" we honour the conadvances which Popery is now making scientious determination of the British and avowing against their civil and and Foreign School Society to secure religious liberties."

the habitual reading of the Word of God " It is quite clear to us, from many in every school; and, as a voluntary

society, its members have a good right upon a point which he thought essential to say that they will go so far and no to salvation ?- They would hold it to farther ; but the agent of the Society, be his duty to contine himself to the when pressed hard before the Parlia- simple teaching of the Scriptures.". mentary committee, was obliged to We are very far from finding fault admit that a school strictly neutral in with the society as a voluntary instituregard to the subject matter of religious tion; but when its plan is put forth in instruction, even if it were desirable, Lord Brougham's Bill, and supported is not attainable ; you cannot furnish by the Evangelical Dissenters, for genethe wine without some vessel ; and ral education at the public expense, we what do our readers suppose is the test, are constrained in conscience to oppose or code of articles, or church, or synod, it as unjust, impracticable, and not at all or pope, to which the Lancasterian plan, calculated to secure, upon a national according to its own officer's exposition, scale, a truly religious training. It is, would refer the weighty matter of Bib- as we have many times said, a Procruslical exposition : in short, of moulding tean scheme to reduce the nation to the the religious opinions and practices of exact stature of Evangelical dissent. the nation ; and which is to supersede The society acts as a committee of all well-considered and well-defined triers,' as they were called in the confessions of faith ; all creeds, cate- days of Oliver Cromwell. The master chisms, and the oral and written in- must teach exactly what they suppose struction of the ministers of Christ ? the Bible teaches. What they do not Let that responsible individual reply to consider “plain and obvious" is to be the question.

viewed as not “essential;" and if in “Does the master explain the Scrip- the honest exercise of his judgment be tures to the children in your schools ? should think otherwise, he would be He interrogates them as they read daily dismissed from his station. This is upon the plain and obvious grammatical proper in a voluntary institution ; but meaning of that text.

who are to be the triers for the nation; According to his own understand and what is to be their own creed? ing of the text ?-It must be so. National religious education could not

* Are the children subjected to any be conducted upon such a basis. The examination as to their reading of the legislature must either leave religion Scriptures ?-They are, certainly; they entirely out, or connect it, subordinateread the Scriptures, and the masterly to the word of God, with a creed, questions them upon what they read; and an established order of ministers. he questions them upon the text as it If you in any way take cognizance of stands. Some of the Unitarians object, the theological opinions of the master; on the ground that, by this method, if you refuse him because he is a Deist doctrines which are usually denomi. or Socinian, you so far set up a test; nated the orthodox doctrines and why, when you abandon the princibrought out."

ple of a National Church, prefer one Supposing that this master, a sin- man's test to another's ? The master cerely religious man, when teaching a must either be allowed to teach Popery, child, saw that that child was wrong Socinianism, nay “Socialism," infideupon a point that he, the master, lity, or whatever he pleases; or else deemed essential to salvation, would there must be some creed, some church, the master allow the child to continue in some tribunal of theological reference. his error, or would he set before him what We are obliged to omit several arhe believed to be true ? I cannot tell ticles which we had written on the cornwhat the master might do under such law question ; the poor-law agitation ; circumstances. All the essential doc- the Tipperary trials, &c. ; but we eartrines in the Bible are plain and obvious. nestly recommend our readers to refer

“But what would be the view taken to the paper on Ireland in our No. for by the directors of the British and last June, where there is an affecting Foreign School Society, if they found account of Mr. Austin Cooper. that the master did set right this child

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(Continued from p. 72.)

For the Christian Observer. THE pathetic appeal and remonstrance which we considered in my

last paper, “Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?” drew from the prostrate persecutor the anxious inquiry, “Who art thou, Lord ?" It was the language of ignorance, or rather of uncertainty; for while it inquires of Christ, it calls him Lord. But it was not the language of self-satisfied ignorance, of contented scepticism, but of earnest, anxious inquiry. God, who moves in various as well as in mysterious ways, when performing the miracle of conversion, sometimes slowly, sometimes rapidly, sometimes with heart-rending convictions and awful terrors, sometimes by gently opening the softened and prepared heart to receive the heaven-descending dews of Divine grace, had advanced Saul by a rapid stage in his heavenward course when he brought the furious and self-satisfied persecutor, half doubting, half convinced, to inquire after Christ; and to make that inquiry of Christ himself, in humble and submissive petition. In reply, our Lord reveals himself to Saul in that character in which he ever presents himself, when he would convince and humble, soften and evangelize, the soul;—not as a triumphant and glorified, but as a suffering Saviour—as a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; despised and rejected of men-bearing our griefs, and carrying our sorrows-a partner by sympathy in all the sufferings of his people crucified afresh by their sins—"I am Jesus whom thou persecutest !" · Nor does He appeal merely to the affections, to gratitude and love, to hopes and fears for the future, but also to the calm and sober judgment of reason and experience as to the present wages of sin. He reminds him of the laborious drudgery and present unprofitableness of the service of Satan, the God whom he ignorantly worshipped. “It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks" anticipates, in spirit, the Apostle's own inquiry, “ What fruit had ye, then, in those things whereof ye are now ashamed.” It is the voice of pity appealing to the instinct of man's nature, which would not deliberately purchase future misery at the price of present wretchedness; but is ever CARIST. OBSERV. No. 15.


decoyed along the broad way which leadeth to destruction, by some phantom of present imagined good. But whenever the sinner has been brought, by whatever check, whether of providence or of grace, to pause in his career—to look in upon himself, and to subside into calm and serious thought, he sees, with the flashing conviction of experimented truth, that he has taken upon him no easy yoke and light burden ; and that whatever he may shrink from, in the untried ways of Christ, Satan's ways are not ways of pleasantness, nor all his paths peace. He soon perceives, that in fighting against God in his providential warnings, his checks of conscience, his strivings of spirit, he has entered upon a work not more basely ungrateful to the best of benefactors, and fearfully dangerous to his own eternal interests, than fatal to his present real happiness. He soon feels that to embrute his higher nature by sensuality in its grosser forms, by gluttony and drunkenness, impurity and uncleanness,—that to make the soul a mere drudge to the body, a pander to those sensual lusts and covetous desires whose insatiable appetites increase by indulgence, and crave and famish in proportion as they are fed, is but to hire himself to that citizen of the far country who feels no pity for the wretched prodigal, but sends him famishing into his fields to feed swine. If fame be the idol before which he bows, he, at such moments, perceives that to serve ambition, whether in the field, the cabinet, or the study, is to sell himself to be a tyrant's slave-aye, the slave of many tyrants. He feels that he who would flutter away his ephemeral life in the summer sunshine of worldly gaiety, and “pleasure falsely so called," and float into moral annihilation upon the surface of levity and folly, cannot secure even his base and pitiful object, but must wade through many a scene, and many an hour, of weariness, depression, and gloom-scenes, too, and hours, even more and more frequently recurring as he advances on the road of life, and whose “wilds immeasurably spread seem lengthening as he goes." He painfully feels that to struggle against the iron grasp and galling fetters with which Providence, in wisdom and love, would restrain him from his own undoing, is to contend with Omnipotence—is “to kick against the pricks :" and that to stab conscience is to commit the worst suicide, is to wound mortally his own happiness and peace,

This tender remonstrance, this affecting appeal, disarm the rebel ; they soften and humble his proud and stubborn heart. He puts forth the uniform voice into which converting grace moulds the sinner's cry, “Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?” This was the first lesson which the convincing Spirit, when he descended for the first time with evangelical power on the day of Pentecost, taught to the first disci, ples in the school of Christ. It was the first voice to which the mingled hopes and fears of the jailer at Philippi gave utterance. And whether as expressive of the legal spirit of the awakened and convinced sinner, like Saul “trembling and astonished," before evangelical truth and saving grace have brought him to the foot of the cross, there enlightened, converted, calmed his soul, and “purged his conscience from dead works to serve the living God,”- '-or whether as expressive of the devoted gratitude, the entire self-resignation, the loving and cheerful submission of the regenerated heart, it is the first, the unvarying voice of the true disciple of Christ, in every stage of his probationary course, from the first throes and quickenings of his spiritual life, till death be swallowed up in victory.

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