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therefore more than she could to linger here below in this world, reckon up; but yet she hoped where I see nothing but vanity." that God, for Christ's sake, in Among other friends, Admiral whom she put her whole trust, Coligni visited her, and two miwould be merciful to her. She nisters read the Scriptures to her, felt, she said, the want of such prayed with her, and addressed discourses as her minister had holy advice and consolation to her, given ; for since her coming to during the greater part of her last Paris she had been somewhat re- night, till she sweetly yielded up miss in hearing such exhortations her spirit into the hands of her from the word of God; and there. God and Saviour. fore, said she, “ I am more glad We have felt much pleasure in to receive comfort thence in this thus dilating upon the life and my extremity.” To some questions character of this truly Christian by her minister, she replied, “I queen. It were too long to relate believe that Christ is my only the afflictions which befel her Saviour and Mediator, and I look Protestant subjects, after her for salvation from none other, death, during a century of perseknowing that he bath abundantly cution. We will pass on at once satisfied for the sins of his people, to that nefarious decree which and therefore I am assured that nearly exterminated true religion God, for his sake, according to in France - the revocation of his gracious promise in him, will the edict of Nantes in 1685. have mercy upon me.”

The effect of that decree in Na. During her illness she often ut- varre, and the present lamentable tered these words, “ O my God, religious condition of the people in thy due time deliver me from of that once-favoured kingdom, this body of death, and from the are succinctly described by Mr. miseries of this present life, that Jameson in the following passage. I may no more offend thee, and “ In Béarn, the Protestants had althat I may attain to that felicity ready been dragonaded into exterior which thou in thy word hast pro

conformity, but many fed into the fastmised to bestow on me.” When fifteen days were allowed by the de

nesses of the Pyrennees for shelter. Only she saw her ladies and gentlemen cree of revocation for conformity to the weeping around her bed, she said, Romish church, or the infliction of pe“ I pray you do not weep for me, nalties for recusancy. Those who did

not at once 'fy from the wrath to since God doth by this sickness

come,' which their fellow-men had imcall me hence to the enjoyment of piously taken upon them to fulminate, a better life, and I am now entering were compelled to bear the loss of the desired haven, towards which either life, liberty, or religion. Troops this frail vessel of mine has been suit of fugitives, to whom no quarter

were dispersed in all directions, in pur. so long steering.” To some ques. was given ; and, to prevent escape by tions she replied that she expected sea, a penalty of three thousand francs neither salvation, nor righteous- tered by captains

or owners of vessels.

was imposed for every Protestant shelness, nor life, from

any but only “ The events that occurred at this her Saviour Jesus Christ, being period, and the cruel results occasioned assured that his merits alone by the revocation of the edict of Nantes, abundantly sufficed for the full

are registered in the history of every satisfaction for all her sins, al- sympathy many thousands of the un

Protestant nation, to whose refuge and though they were innumerable. fortunate Huguenots were enabled to Upon being asked if she was wil. fly. A medal struck in memory of this ling to go to Christ, she replied, Romish act of faith by Louis XIV., “ With all my heart...... Yes, I as

states that 2,000,000 of Calvinists

were brought back to the church (ob sure you, much more willing than vicies centena millia Calvinjarorum,

&c.); by which it would appear that Within the last few years, Protestant they constituted a tenth part of the congregations have been formed at then population of France. At least Avignon, Rheims, Tours, and other two hundred thousand escaped, but the places; bumble indeed as to number, computation on the medal appears to be but still forming links in the chain inclusive of the aggregate number. In which may one day receive the electric the south of France the Protestants fire from heaven, that may corruscate were, at the time, on the increase, a over and enlighten the whole of France. circumstance which, probably, led to

“ The French reformed church is the apparently sudden determination to divided into sixteen synodal districts, stop their progress. Eighty,' temples' having eighty-five consistories, and two had been built in Béarn during the reign hundred and eighty places of worship. of Jeanne d'Albret, and the first ten years

There are also thirty-one consistories, of that of Henry IV. At the period of and two hundred and eight churches of the revocation of the edict of Nantes, the 'Confession of Augsburg,'or Luthe. nearly three hundred Protestant places ran faith. The Société Evangelique de of worship existed in that country. France has, likewise, fourteen settled These were probably mere

upper

ministers, and eight Evangelistes, or chambers,' unostentatious places of missionaries. The European, or Conassembly for the most part, and yet tinental society of London, and the publicly known and designated as Pro- Société Evangelique of Geneva, are testant temples.' Many parts of Na.

also in the field, independently of the varre must necessarily, from the seve- Société Biblique, and other bodies of rity of the edicts, have been without auxiliaries. any ostensible places of Worship, and the “The estimated number of Protestshrinking Protestants have assembled ants in France, at present, is about a only in dens and caves of the earth,' million and a half. Some · raise the The number of known places of Pro- amount higher, but they are not all testant worship equalled those of the Israel which are of Israel.' The dropRomanists; it is not, therefore, an un- pings from the Romish church do not founded assumption, to calculate the much swell the stream ; but there are former at two-thirds of the entire many of the Guizot school (such as Béarnoise population. The town of in England, are called 'rational ChrisSalies, the second of size and popula- tians') who roll with it. • The church tion in Béarn, is mentioned as having of the Laodiceans' has many followers suffered much from the dragonade, on here. account of the majority of the inhabit- “ In the south-west of France (paiants being Protestants. As the popu- ticularly the ancient Béarn), the mild lation of Bèarn, at that period, only plastic character of the people, and hisamounted to about half of its present toric recollections), seem to invite misnumber (450,000), it is probable there sionary exertion. The sun that has set were nearly 150,000 Protestants sub- has left some warmth in the soil. May ject to the tyrannous edict of 1685. it rise again and endure, not merely as

At present, there are scarcely five in former days, during the course of a thousand nominal Protestants in this polar summer,

but until time shall be district. Persecution and patronage no longer. having been removed, they have drop- Having closed the case of Naped, in the absence of excitement, into

varre, we are not about to enter an apparent state of lukewarmness. Here and there a zealous minister' pro

at similar length into the history phesies upon the bones,'and'a shaking'

of continental Protestantism in is visible. But the French character is other places; though ample and not disposed to be sectarian in its hum

interesting materials are not wantbler sense, of separation and inferiority. The hubbub of concourse, or exterior

ing. If one such narrative does distinction, are requisite to engage not open the hearts of British them. If a coup de religion' could be Protestants to endeavour, by the effected with sufficient

notoriety in any blessing of God, to revive the part of France, the excitement of a spirit might possibly spread ; or, if

Protestant churches of Europe, Protestant temples' could be reared,

no multiplication of such details like their stately prototype of Charen- would effect that object. Yet, to ton, they could no doubt be speedily our minds, the condition of Swit. filled. But these very considerations

zerland, and the Protestant porare arguments for increased missionary efforts; and, happily, they are now

in tions of Germany, is even more operation in several parts. of France. affecting than that of the ProtesCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 18.

3C

tants of France; seeing that the corruption. Heretical Geneva is abject state of the reformed a far more appalling spectacle churches does not arise from ex- than the desolation of the Huguternal violence, but from internal nots by the fires of persecution.

(To be continued.)

OBITUARY.

THE RIGHT HON. SIR ROBERT GRANT. We feel a mournful satisfaction in pre- “One instance of this has just taken senting to our readers the following place, and thrown all India, and espememorial of the late Sir Robert Grant, cially the heart of my dear brother of which occurs in a letter to the Bishops Bombay, into the deepest dejectionof Madras and Bombay, by the Lord the sudden death of his and my mutual Bishop of Calcutta, prefixed to his friend, the late Governor of that Pre. Lordship's charge delivered at his last sidency. You must forgive me if I visitation. The charge may furnish us pause for a moment on the loss of so with some yaluable matter for remark distinguished a person. I had hardly or extract on another occasion; but we given utterance to those expressions, rejoice promptly to add his Lordship’s which you will find in the commencetestimony to the notices which have ment of the Charge, on occasion of the already appeared before the public re- death of two of the leading personages specting this excellent man. We should in my own diocese, when the tidings be glad to see, even thus late, a larger of the fall of Sir Robert Grant struck account of his life and religious cha- a coldness to my very heart. (Sir Roracter, with extracts from his letters bert Grant died July 9th, 1838.) I had and other papers:

Bishop Wilson's passed, as the Lord Bishop of Bombay estimate of his piety, his talents, bis will well remember, a fortnight under attainments, and his anxiety to promote his hospitable roof, when on my primary the glory of God, and the temporal and visitation in the winter of 1835. There spiritual welfare of mankind, though I had learned something of his devotion glowing, is not exaggerated. Some of to India, his indefatigable application to his addresses at the anniversaries of business, his attention to moral and religious and charitable societies, were religious character in his promotions, not only eminently able and eloqnent, his love to the native population, his but were marked by a high tone of de- high conception of the capabilities, in votional feeling, which bespoke the almost every repect, of that fine coundeep interest which he felt in promoting try in the government of which he had their holy objects. We ought to add our been called to share, bis zeal to raise own private debt of gratitude, as he, its position amongst the nations of the occasionally, in former years, contribu- world, his ceaseless activity in diffusing ted to our pages, and once kindly su- that information, and exciting that spi. perintended the work, for two or three rit of inquiry and enterprise in com. months, in the absence of the Editor. mercial pursuits, on which national We shall rejoice if the above suggestion greatness so materially depends. should induæ his relatives and friends “ I had witnessed also the transcento draw up a fuller memorial. The dant importance which he attached to following is Bishop Wilson's state. Christianity, as the most stupendous ment.

benefit ever vouchsafed by Almighty “ But there is one class of sorrows God to a lost world, and for the proto which I would beg particularly to call motion of which, in every safe and disyour attention. Amidst all the personal creet method, he fully believed India trials we have to meet in India, none was intrusted, almost miraculously, to are more oppressive to the inmost soul the sceptre of the greatest, and freest, than those separations in families, those and most enlightened of the Western avulsions and banishments of the dearest nations. Nor had I omitted to notice objects of our affections, and those yet his family happiness, his personal and more appalling occurrences of sudden domestic piety, his prayers daily with deaths, which our uncongenial climate his household, his attendance twice on from time to time occasions. Yet these the Lord's Day on the public worship we must be prepared to bear, 'through of God, and the honour he always put Christ which strengtheneth us.' on religion in his most ordinary converse. "It is soothing to my feelings to occupied even more than its share of dwell on such christian excellencies- his attention.' gratitude demands of me. The ebul- “ The allusion to wbich this state. lition of grief and sympathy which ment refers, as made by one of the your Lordship witnessed at the public Secretaries of Government, to the meeting (the most numerous ever re- sources of his premature disease and collected at Bombay) at which you death, is indeed most touching. Yes, presided after his death, did not so our noble-minded and lamented friend much surprise me; but I confess I read fell a sacrifice to his exertions, somewith no little emotion the simple but what increased perhaps beyond the affecting testimony borne by different strictest necessity by a scrupulous, an persons to the efforts he had made to

over-scrupulous anxiety we must say, serve India. A whole life seems to to examine every thing for himself, to have been crowded into his very few save the feelings of every individual years of government (only three and a with whom he had concerns, and to half_March 1835 to July 1838). The wait till he had the time and materials enumeration of public measures which for a rigid and impartial investigation he either originated or carried into into the merits of each case, which effect,' to use the terms of one of the carried bim far beyond his strength, Resolutions, for improving the agri- though it inspired such unlimited love cultural resources of the country, faci. and confidence in those placed under litating communication with Europe, bis authority. The proceedings of the and also between the different towns Bombay Government, in only one or and provinces of the Presidency, and two departments, occupied 24,000 folios advancing its commercial and general in the year 1837. Embarrassing cir. prosperity,' had scarcely been made by cumstances may possibly have concur. one public functionary, when a similar red to barass his mind. The arrangeseries of proceedings was detailed by ments of his Government with the another distinguished person for bis Supreme Council at Calcutta, in conseputting himself in communication with quence of the Charter Act of 1833, are individuals of all classes, and eliciting supposed to have created, from their information on the subject of educa- novelty, continual impediments to his tion; for establishing schools and pro

exertions. If he incurred any unpopumoting the interests of science; for larity on this score, either at home or founding medical colleges and native with the Government of India, it adds dispensaries, and for encouraging, by at least to the proof of his zeal for his public employment and private munifi- own Presidency. The secret of all this cence, the rising native youth.

distinguished reputation and success “ Nor was it the least affecting to was not so much his fine talents, nor me to read the declaration of the Arch- his diligent habits of public business, deacon of Bombay, (the Rev. H. Jef- nor his real and perseverance, as his frey,) towards the close of the meeting: thorough knowledge of India, and the -' for my own part, I should be very high and elevated principles which di ungrateful indeed, if I did not bear rected his whole conduct. He had not testimony to his personal kindness and to acquire as other Governors, he courtesy to myself; and not only to brought to his Chair an acquaintance myself, but to the whole body of the with the most minute affairs of his clergy of our Church establishment, Presidency. He inherited from his in whose name I now speak, and whose eminent father (the late Charles Grant, unanimous feeling and opinion I am Esq., whose life and character are far certain that I faithfully represent. But too little known: wbat he accomplished his praise stood on far higher ground for the religious interests of India durthan this--on the ground of genuine ing a period of fifty years, will only be piety and love to God. The general fully disclosed at the last great day ;) interests of religion, and of our own an inextinguishable love for the counChurch Establishment in particular, try which he left at the age of nine, to occupied a large share of his attention; return to it as Governor after a lapse and when I consider the vast amount of forty-seven years; baving not wholly of correspondence which passed under lost the language of Hindostan during his own eye, as stated by the Secretary, the long interval, whilst he had been all of which he examined for himself, collecting the most copious and valuI am quite astonished at the readiness able stores of information. with which all correspondence was an- “ Such a Governor soon becomes swered which passed through my de- known, especially in our Eastern empartment; and I cannot but feel bound pire. When it is once understood that to aeknowledge that, amidst his various there is a zeal and promptitude in the and extensive engagements, the Church head of the State equal to the most ardent wishes of every applicant-& before I left England in 1832, Sir Ropassion for India—a determination to bert's zeal in preparing a Bill for the promote, not private objects, nor the erection of two Bishoprics, now so aggrandizement of a family, nor the happily filled by my Right Reverend accumulation of wealth, nor even the brethren, and which was incorporated ordinary ends of Government only, but into the New Charter Act the followthe good of the prostrate millions com- ing year. What share he took in the mitted to its care—and especially when general enactments of that Charter, as this is seen to be connected with a well as of the preceding one of 1813, thorough understanding of what Chris- and in the provisions more especially tianity really is, and what it demands of for the freest diffusion of Christianity, man, it operates like a charm-it pene. all acquainted with the details of those trates the remotest ramifications of the great measures well know. The two administration. It elicits and rewards large and valuable volumes on the subindividual enterprise of every kind. ject, which he published in 1813, testify Sir Robert Grant's years in Bombay, his powers of mind, bis elegance and few as they were, are the brighest spot force in composition, and the vast in his life. The period of peace during fund of information on which he could which his Government fell, afforded draw. him the fairest field for bis beneficent “ It has pleased, however, the Allabours. Unlike some of his most emi. mighty to remove him from us. Happy nent predecessors, his attention and re- for himself the transition from an earthly sources were not diverted from the one to a heavenly kingdom ! He has served grand object of his heart.

his generation according to the will of ". For myself I can only say, that God. Nor did his humble, holy, pious a friendship of nearly thirty years, thus death, his poignant confessions of sin, suddenly snapped asunder, leaves me bis fear of himself, his delight in heardesolate indeed. I feel as if I had lost ing Holy Scripture, his firm but trema brother. His private tokens of affec- bling reliance on the alone merits of his tion I dare not, and ought not, to par. Saviour, leave any thing to desire to ticularize. It may, however, interest his family and friends in the way of his friends to know that his able pen alleviation for his irreparable loss. Irmay be traced in the large aid he reparable to them it undoubtedly is ; afforded me in the two Sermons on nor can it be soon even partially supHabit, in my first volume of Sermons plied as to his public station ; for it is of 1817 ; in my Defence of the Church the confession of all who can best judge Missionary Society in 1818; and in the of the case, that for capacity and vaFuneral Discourse for his honoured riety of talent, for sincerity and singlefather in 1823. It is known, however, ness of purpose, for purity of private that I owe to his honoured father's life, for a bright example as a husband friendship, continued in the present and parent, for deep, religious principle, generation, the appointment which for calmness and impartiality in his Lord Glenelg, his eldest son, when decisions, for undissembled and active President of the India Board, was philanthropy, and for a statesman-like pleased to intrust to me in this country. knowledge of India, no Governor has I may add in this connexion, that it surpassed, and few have equalled, Sir fell under my own notice to witness, Robert Grant."

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

The circumstances under which her on him from opposite sides ; whereas, Majesty's Ministers resigned and re- had they united their pressure in the assumed their functions, seem to indi. same direction, or even had one side cate more than a mere parenthesis in receded, and left it to the weight of their official life, unconnected with any the other, it would have fallen powerchange of plans or intentions. It has less to the ground. Whenever her Malong been notorious that the Melbourne jesty's Ministers have voted on steady cabinet has stood, not by its own inhe principles, they have been upheld by the rent strength, but by the antagonist Conservatives against the Destructives; policy of two parties of opponents ; and when on unsteady, by the Destrucjust as a fainting man is kept from tives against the Conservatives; and falling in a crowd by persons pressing thus they were kept in the focus of office

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