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eth;' and woe be unto us, if we do subject was too solemn to be profitably not listen to his voice. You may well handled without a serious conviction imagine bim telling you, with unutter- of its high importance; and so he did able joy and gratitude, the difference not for a long time make much religious between the faith which he had enter. advancement. The evidences of natutained for the first nineteen years and ral and revealed religion were too a half of his life, and that which for the overwhelming not to produce some imlast five years was the centre of his pressions upon his mind; and a better affections. He spoke to us audibly opinion of the Gospel was undoubtedly enough while in the midst of us—he generated within him. But as to any bore expressive testimony to the power feeling of the force of the truth he was of the Gospel in pacifying the alarmed quite a stranger to it, until, as I often conscience. But listen to him in your heard him relate, he thought very imagination now speaking more audibly seriously on the subject on one octhan ever, and calling upon everyone casion, and began to examine narrowly of you to cling closely unto Christ, as the professions of sincere inquiry which unto the Rock of your salvation. he had all along been making. His

“ Although my object is far from conscience, he said, convicted him; he eulogizing the man, yet I would be found that there had been no sincere belying my own feelings, and overlook- inquiry on his part ; he became huming the grace of God, were I not to bled at the idea—and he prayed for notice, more particularly, the power of Divine forgiveness and direction. He the gospel exemplified in his conver- asked and he received; he sought and sion, and the important testimony he found; he knocked and the door of which our brother bore to the truth. mercy was opened to him. I speak In early life he was sent for his educa- what I personally heard from his own tion into the Hindu college, with all lips. the prejudices of Hinduism influencing “It was then that all the arguments his mind. But he did not continue which he had been reading in favour of long in this institution before his under. Christianity, and some of which he had standing became too enlightened to been secretly trying to rebut against submit to the monstrous dogmas of the light of his conscience, struck him Brahmanism. He could not any more with irresistible force. 'A flood of so far lower down his thoughts as to light,' said he, 'rushed into my mind." recognize a god in the sun or the moon, His soul now found an anchor to rest neither could he believe that idols upon. He now saw things differently. made by the hands of men were entitled That point concerning the salvation of to divine honour. He was accordingly the sinner in consistence with divine led to dismiss Hinduism from his belief. justice, which had puzzled him so But as the mind when once moved much-that knot which nature could naturally flies to sad extremes, unless not untie without doing violence to one restrained by Divine grace, our friend or other of the divine attributes—that did not stop where his conviction of difficult question, What shall I do to be the fallacy of Hinduism, if properly saved ? was now no mystery to him. regulated, should have kept him. From He believed in the Scriptures, and he worshipping many gods, he ran to the understood how 'mercy and truth had opposite and more dangerous error of met together; how 'righteousness and worshipping no god—and thus he shook peace had kissed each other ;' how off the trammels of superstition and God could be just, and the justifier of idolatry merely to put on the still more him that believeth in Christ. galling chains of infidelity and atheism. “ Thus did our friend bear testimony Long did he in this state deny the ex. to the truth in opposition to Hinduism istence even of the Supreme Being, and and Infidelity. He was no blind conlive literally without hope and with vert, even in an intellectual point of out God in the world.' But the grace view. He did not take up the Chrisof the ever-merciful Jehovah prevented tian question with any prepossessions him. He was brought into circum- in its favour. On the contrary, he stances, and called to form acquaint- often desired to turn his reading on the ances whereby he was led to examine subject into a weapon to refute the the truths of natural and revealed re- Gospel. But he little knew what a ligion. This at first appeared a grace- rock he was going to encounter; he less task to him. Prompted however little knew that the instrument of the by a natural disposition to metaphysical Spirit was sharper than a two-edged speculations, and partly impelled by the sword, or that the battle would end in evidently rational calls of several the happy overthrow of his scepticism, friends, he undertook to inquire into and in the submission of his mind to the evidences of Christianity. But the the grace of God. Let us all take a

lesson from his experience; and if there him before. Instead of the violent be any one present in this congregation caviller, they found in him the humble that did not listen to him while he was believer; and Mohesh Christian was in the land of the living, let him now a creature very different from Mohesh hear what he being dead speaketh. Pagan

“ But I must not silently pass over the “His decision of character was very great change which the grace of God remarkable, and it is painful to think had produced in his character and dis- that it was misconstrued in some position. The question concerning the quarters. No sooner did God reveal truth of Christianity, can after all be his Son unto him, and be feel the nerendered very simple, if we try the sys- cessity of baptism, than he resolved to tem by the maxim that “a corrupt tree pursue his course without conferring cannot bring forth good fruits.” This with flesh and blood. He was accord. consideration is founded upon an appeal ingly baptized with as little delay as to our moral sense, which ought to be possible in this church by our present appositely competent to decide on reli- respected Archdeacon. The regeneragious subjects. If a minute examina

tion of a new brother--the conception tion of the external evidences of Chris

as it were of a saint that would in time tianity may be said to be difficult for

be hailed in heaven if he did not fall the unlearned ; a view of its beneficial back in the way—should have occaeffects upon the characters and disposi, sioned unmingled joy. But such is the tions of men is much more easy and weakness of our nature, that his bapsimple. If it be found after all to make tism was gainsayed by those who apgood its pretensions practically, if the peared to think it impossible for one in truth be observed really making its our days to be so soon blessed with that recipients free—then may we be said to

measure of grace which had induced the be in possession of an evidence which Ethiopian eunuch to desire baptism it would be unnatural to gainsay or without delay. resist. Look upon the Gospel as a " But Mohesh Chunder Ghose conhealing balm proposed to counteract tinued to grow in grace and in spiritual the spiritual maladies of men; and wisdom, and diligently to pursue his attach due importance to every instance studies in Bishop's College, where he of its practical success that you meet had succeeded in gaining admission with. If you find that with reference through the assistance of a kind friend. to many it may be said, that they were Although his mind was harassed for at one time dead in trespasses and sins, the first two years after his baptism by and that they have been quickened by the conflicting opinions existing on the the Gospel, it is your duty to concede subject of Church government, yet to the system the favourable opinion upon being satisfied of the Apostolical which such a circumstance is calculated origin of Episcopacy his sentiments to produce.

became settled ; and the Christian “ Our departed brother was a living graces shone in him with more than monument of the quickening power of ordinary splendour.

His conduct at the Gospel. Every one that knew him Bishop's College was highly satisfacbefore his conversion will be able to

tory to the authorities of the institutestify what Hinduism and Infidelity tion. His piety as a Christian, his dilihad done for him. The records of the

gence as a student, his attainments as a Hindu College will shew how turbulent scholar, and his courtesy as a man, had and overbearing a student he was, and rendered him an object of love and rehow it was found necessary at last to gard to all around him; and I do not turn him out from the institution. His believe there is any person on the estaintimate friends all know how haughty blishment to whom his memory is not and insulting his conduct was very often very dear and precious. discovered to be, and what a sad mix

" His untimely death has been felt ture of some of the worst passions of

as a severe shock by every one who human nature was to be seen in him. knew him. He had just begun bis ini. But the truth made him free: and the

tiatory labours as a Missionary Catewolf was transformed into the lamb

chist; he had just begun to realize the upon embracing Christianity. His

promise which his natural abilities and fierceness changed into hu.

his Collegiate education had given to mility when he considered the won- the Society with which he was conders of the cross; and his self-con- nected; he had just begun to appear in ceit into meekness, when he reflected active life as a burning and a shining upon his natural depravity. In fact, light'—when he was cut off from the all his passions and affections were land of the living.' This is a painful sanctified in a manner that was calcu- reflection. Much usefulness was lated to astonish those who had known pected from him. Few persons were,

was

ex

more competent to promote the glory death-beds. His appearance and his of God in this country than himself. conversation, (although owing to his He bad all the attainments which cha- peculiar disease he spoke very little) racterized the European missionary; were calculated to edify the Christian, and in addition to these, he had advan- and astonish the Infidel. Verily he tages as a native which no foreigner was in possession of a power which could be expected to possess.

His spake peace to his conscience, and familiar acquaintance with the language, prepared him to meet death, not as a habits, and customs of his countrymen, foe but as a friend. Let us all conand his personal knowledge from past sider this great triumph of the Divine experience of the prejudices which grace, that Christianity may be still reigned in their minds, were strong dearer unto us.” Weapons for combating Hinduism and We will not allow ourselves to im. Infidelity. At the very time when he pair the effect of this narrative by had only recently entered into the field, commenting upon it; otherwise we when he was just hailed by Missionary might say much as to its bearing upon labourers as a valuable auxiliary-it the character of the Hindoos; upon pleased the Almighty to remove him their precarious condition when outfrom the midst of us. Let us be bum- growing their native superstitions, in hled, but not discouraged., Our Hea- consequence of the diffusion of Eurovenly Father has inflicted this blow in pean education and knowledge, withorder to teach us holy lessons. He can out finding anything but infidelity to raise from the very stones themselves fill the void left by the removal of labourers for his vineyard ; and he does their former idols ; upon the duty of not need our feeble instrumentality. presenting Christianity to them at this Let us remember that the work is done momentous crisis ; and upon the blessed not by might nor by power,' but by the effects of its reception. We might also Spirit himself. Let us remember that express much gratification, as members by the grace of God our brother was of the Episcopal Church, in the cirwhat he was ; and that while this grace cumstances attending this memorable is not abated, other labourers can and occasion; and we might justly conwill be raised in God's own good time gratulate the Right Reverend and for the harvest.

highly honoured prelate who presides “I must also bring to your notice over that diocese, and his reverend the triumphant effects of grace in our brethren, together with the Society for late friend, during the protracted indis- the Propagation of the Gospel, whose position which eventually brought on his college has proved so great a blessing death. It is not necessary here to state to India, the Church Missionary Society particularly the nature of his disease, in whose service both these converted or the different turns it had taken be- Hindoos were labouring, and the genefore it put a period to his existence. ral body of Christians in India as well He did not at first believe that it was as at home; but these topics will serious, nor did he expect that it would readily present themselves to every prove fatal to him; and consequently reader. We will therefore conclude he did not think he would be justified with a practical suggestion to all who in refraining from his active duties. shall peruse the account by the preachAnd it was not before his return from er himself. It is an invaluable moniKishnaghur, in very bad health, that he tion, and admirably expressed : thought he was probably sick nigh · Let the voice of our late friend be unto death.'

listened to by all of us. Let him reIt was about this time that the mind us of the sin in which we are Christian's triumph over the world and born, and for which he has been snatchdeath could be seen in him. Knowing ed away from us for a time. Let him full well that his Redeemer was living, preach unto us Christ and him crucified, he had always a very expressive glow who paid all his debts and interceded of joy on his countenance. Still, for him. Let him persuade us to seek since he valued life as a great gift, hé the grace of that Holy Spirit whose was anxious that every practical remedy sanctification has rendered him an inshould be tried for his recovery; and habitant of heaven. We saw him a conviction of his numerous short while he was with us, we knew his comings had produced penitence and former and his latter conversation. humility in him ; so that he could not, We observed the change produced in as he should not, presumptuously wish him by the religion of his adoption. to close his earthly career. But there We were satisfied of the boon it proved was resignation on his part to the will to him in his affliction, and of the of God; and his faith bad exempted victory it gave him over death.

We him from that fear with which persons saw, as it were, his foretaste of eternal having no hope are disturbed on their beatitude.”

name as

64

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. GREATLY were those deceived who sequent to the Apostolic era (dedicathought that there is so little of Chris. tion is out of the question, even to the tian principle or feeling in this land, Apostles), and without some such that the blessed institution of the

“ Martyrs’ Church," or other Lords' Day has ceased to be loved and device for connecting the building with venerated among us.

And if it be said the occasion, the circumstances would that much of the excitement which has be lost sight of. Secondly, because marshalled men of almost every per- there is no adequate security that the suasion and pursuit in life to resist the pulpit may not be made to defame opening of the London Post Office on the doctrines for which those martyrs Sunday is not grounded upon religious sacrificed their lives; especially in motives, but upon subordinate con- a diocese, the ecclesiastical ruler of siderations, this too is true; and it which – melancholy to relate -- has shews how great are even the temporal for several years been countenancing blessings which our Heavenly Father the doctrines and actions of the most has connected with the public and pric insidious and dangerous body of men vate observance of His laws. But the that ever obtruded itself within the predanger is not over; the transmission cincts of the English Church. We of letters by the London Post Office on need scarcely say that neither the name the Lord's Day is still likely to be per- of his Lordship, nor of any of his antipetrated, unless the strongest remon- Protestant clergy, appears among the strances continue to be made against promoters of this truly Anglican comthat desecration; which being once memoration. allowed, all the rest will ultimately The subject of National Education follow. We trust that the alarm ex- continues to engross much of public at. cited will lead to good, by inducing the tention, and is likely to be strongly inhabitants of many towns and villages urged upon the legislature at the apto implore the legislature to grant them proaching meeting of Parliament. We the same privilege which London en rejoice to state that an important step joys, of being free from the inconve, has been taken to counteract the manience, as well as sin, of a Sunday deli. chinations of those who would either very of letters, which, wherever it pre. secularise national education, or_sys. vails in a place of business, causes the tematically detach it from the Estasabbath to shine no sabbath day to blished Church. We refer to a plan multitudes, including those who need which is being carried into effect under in a peculiar manner a day of rest the auspices of the chartered National from the grovelling cares of their ordi. Society, and which we have touched nary calling, to refresh their bodies and upon in our notice of Dr. Dealtry's invigorate their souls, and to remind Charge. The friends of the church, them of the concerns of another world, instead of standing always on the deand of making their calling and election fensive, ought boldly to ask Parliament

to aid this great national effort. Even We rejoice to learn that the sub- if the proposition failed, the very disscription to the Oxford memorial to cussion of it would do good, unless we Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer, is going admit that we cannot shew cause why on prosperously. We should wish to we should have an Established Church, see only a monumental building, not a for it ought to be abolished altogether, church; first, because the Church of if it be not fit to apply to national England does not name her sacred education. edifices after any saint or martyr, sub

sure.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. C.; F. E.; A. K.; Lector; Minor MINIMIS: H. T.; AuedeXT1X0; ; H. J.;

R. B.; A SUBSCRIBER; A LOVER OF INGENUOUSNESS; AN INQUIRER; R. W.; J. H. ; S. D.; A NEW SERIES SUBSCRIBER; J. G. N.; and CANDIDUS ;

are under consideration. A Correspondent informs us that the Rev. J. Newman of Oxford was in Rome

some time since, for the express purpose of communicating with Dr. Wiseman, the Pope's private secretary, and had many conferences with him. Will Mr, Newman deny this fact? and if not, will he inform the world of the object of his secret conferences with the Pope's secretary, and their result? We are grieved to learn that Oxford is spoken of at Rome as having become in effect a Roman Catholic University. The charge is false and calumnious; for the party alluded to are a mere fraction of the University; but we must in honesty say, that if both the University and the Diocese do not take some measures to purge themselves of the leaven, they will be sharers in the criminality,

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SAUL'S CONVERSION.

(Continued from p. 8.)

For the Christian Observer. IN contemplatingthe details of Saul's conversion, the first object which

naturally presents itself, is his moral state atthe time when this mighty change passed upon him. This we are at no loss to discover. St. Paul himself tells us, “ I persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women.” “And many of the saints did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the Chief Priests; and when they were put to death, I gave my voice against them. And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto strange cities." He was, according to this statement, a hater and persecutor, not only of the religion, but also of the persons of Christians, which implies another step downwards in the moral scale. The carnal enmity of his mind against Christ extended itself to all His members; and most of all to those who most resembled their Divine Master; who, like the first martyr to his persecuting zeal, had drank the deepest into the spirit of the Great Exemplar, and, like him, in the meekness of invincible charity, could imitate that Divine model, in praying even for their murderers. Such were the objects of his bitterest enmity. Up to the time of his conversion, Saul, in the emphatic language of the sacred historian, breathed out threatenings and slaughter against these disciples of the Lord. The very element in which he lived, and moved, and had his being, was persecuting bigotry. Every breath which he inhaled ministered fuel to the heart-burnings of envy, hatred, malice, and all uncharitableness: and every breath which he exhaled would gladly have fanned the fires of martyrdom, on the altar of a bigoted, persecuting, and superstitious zeal.

Now such is every man in his natural state, up to the moment of his conversion to God,-a hater of Christianity and of Christians. He may indeed love the amiable natural qualities, and many too of the fruits of grace, in the Christian ; but be hates, and must hate, his CARIST. OBSERV. No. 14.

K

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