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and we much doubt whether any considerable body of Christians would zealously embark in the cause of Missions under such gloomy prospects.
In defence of the position that the blessings of the Gospel were not designed for the whole human race, it is argued that the Jewish dispensation was partial, and that there is an analogy in this respect between them. We deny the analogy; we bring Scripture to witness that whereas it was characteristic of the Judaic economy that it was confined to the seed of Abraham, so it is equally characteristic of Christianity that it was meant for the whole world; but be the doctrine true or otherwise, what we say is, that if true it proves our position; for the Jewish religion was not intended to be a Missionary religion; and we do not think there would be much Missionary zeal among Christians if they credited the analogy
It is an awful truth, that in any case the servant who knows his Lord's will shall be beaten with more stripes than he who knew it not; and all offers of grace are attended with the fearful aggravation of sorer punishment to those who slight them ; but there is the widest possible difference between establishing missions upon the hope that the kingdom of Christ will, according to divine promises, be enlarged by such instruments, and the contrary hypothesis that they are chiefly to aggravate condemnation ; so that we subject to be beaten with many stripes those who would have been beaten with no stripes at all if they had never heard of Christ; but would have been at the least as happy as man in the paradise of primæval innocence. We are not combating the hypothesis, but only shewing its bearing upon Missions : otherwise we might ask who are those who are to be beaten with few stripes ? If the heathen are to be admitted to heaven as subjects, and believers as kings : and the rejectors of the faith to be condemned to many stripes: the other class spoken of in the parable is blotted out in the enumeration.
There is a most unjust assumption which runs throughout Mr. Goode's letter, and similar statements; namely, that those who advocate Missionary Societies, Scriptural education, church-building, and other objects of religious duty and benevolence, with bright expectations of the extensive blessings which, through the outpouring of divine grace, may result from them, are making “human instrumentality” the efficient agent in the work ; whereas every faithful servant of Christ attributes the blessed effect as much to divine power as if it were produced by a visible personal manifestation of the Redeemer in glory; nay, accounts even the conversion of one sinner quite as essentially“ miraculous "as all that is alleged to take place at the pre-millennial advent. Mr.Goode mistakes when he says that our correspondent“ repudiated miraculous agency in the matter;" whereas he only repudiated a particular scheme of prophetical interpretation. The pre-millennarians procure many converts by telling ill-informed people that they make it God's work, whereas the ordinary sort of Christians make it man's. This is not true; it is directly untrue. To bless a mission is just as much God's work, as to convert a nation, or the world, in any manner which to human judgment seems more extraordinary. It is therefore extremely inequitable and unbrotherly, when the argument is respecting means, time, or circumstances, to insinuate that it is respecting agency; that is, whether God or man is to achieve the triumph. And here again we repeat that the system under consideration does practically (to use Mr. Goode's own words) tend to “ damp the energies " of some “in this holy cause;" not on the ground of “selfishness," but of hopelessness; nay, of presumptuously using means to effect what God has predetermined shall not be effected. We will never believe that when our Lord said, “Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature," it was with the reticence that they were to go on a fruitless errand.
If, as Mr. Goode informs us, any advocates, whether of Missionary Societies, Bible Societies, or any other efforts to promote the glory of God and the salvation of men, speak with vain confidence of their own plans or institutions as being “God's destined instruments to convert the world,” they are to be blamed for mixing up their own fallible opinion as to special means, with the Divine promises as to results. The promoters of all efforts of Christian love are doubtless apt to speak with large hopes of their particular scheme; and the very circumstance that they espouse it, proves their conviction that it is a design which God will graciously own and bless. It is right however that they should speak soberly; viewing themselves as “workers together with God," if haply be will bless their labours ; but willing to work how, when, and where he may direct; and to commit the result to bis infinite wisdom. Mr. Goode says to the friends of Missionary Societies, “Do not expect too much.” This, taken to the letter, is good advice ; for to expect “ too much ” is to expect vainly, rashly, and unwarrantably. Yet Mr. Simeon's advice to the ministers of Christ and the friends of religious institutions was good ton, and, we must think, more encouraging. He used to say to the effect of “ Pray much; labour much; give much; erpect much." We can never expect “ too much," when we expect what God has promised ; if therefore the friends of Missionary Societies believe, as they do, that the heathen (the text does not say the millennial heathen; and in truth there will be no heathen in the Millennium) are given to Christ as his heritage; they cannot expect too much ; for God can and will do abundantly above all that we ask or think. In speaking of the precise means which he may see fit to employ to bring about his purposes of grace, it becomes his servants to cherish great humility; and yet, the preached Gospel is an instrument of conversion which he has so graciously promised to bless, that we know not that, under his Almighty influence, we can expect too much from it. We believe that the faith and hopes of the church are far too cold; we are not straitened in our God, but in ourselves; too often ministers preach, and societies labour, and Christians pray, as if they did not expect much; and they have not, because they ask not. Mr. Goode tells us that when he preached on behalf of the Jews, he said, “ It shall yet be their peculiar glory to achieve the universal triumphis of the Gospel over all the nations of the earth.” This glowing statement must have been very encouraging to the members of the excellent Society which he was addressing ; but we fear they would have thought his discourse rather chilling, if its tenour had only been, as in the case of the Gentiles, to damp instead of raising their expectations.
Haste; for thou bear'st the dead; The flowers we tend are faint and A moving house of graves !
frail ; Yet o'er each silent, sightless head Those broken cisterns soil and fail; Thy surface thrills, beneath the tread We sigh for Zion's soft land-gale, Of youth's gay dance; and hope hath Her pure and living rills.
spread Flowers o'er thy gloomy caves.
We seek that city grand,
The home of Deity! Launch'd in Creation's morn,
By love's benign omniscience plann'd; Through Time's majestic portals ; Bas'd through all depths, by God's Now bear'st thou, sear'd and voyage- right hand, worn,
Rear'd to all height; whose pillars Man's earliest dead, and latest born,
stand, The love and bate, the fame and scorn, Built for Eternity!
All hopes and aims of mortals !
In hope we watch and weep,
before;On thee is risk'd our all!
One only, whom thou couldst not Rude surges rock the festive board;
keep; Wash o'er the miser's coffer'd hoard;
By glory wak'd from death's short Yet still each pilgrim's niche is stor'd
sleep, With idols, great and small.
He left thy chambers, dark and deep ;Haste ! ruin round thee raves;
He claim'd the boundless shore ! Time's ancient arches sbake! Decay creeps forth from mould'ring Now, o'er his vacant tomb caves;
A pure and peaceful dove And dark mutation's whelming waves
Is hov'ring seen; whose spotless Shall burst thy spheres,—disclose thy Rays of celestial light illume;
plume graves, And bid the slumb'rers wake!
Bearing, from bowers of changeless
bloom, Haste! for no bome in thee
The olive branch of love.
Hail: Messenger from land !
Sent from those shores unknown, No rest in all immensity
By Him whose scarred, yet conquering For man's immortal mind.
Shall guide the ransom'd pilgrim band; Our hearts still yearn to hai]
'Till friend with friend united stand Those calm eternal bills !
Around his Father's throne !
F. M. S.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
REVIEW OF THE REV. DR, WOLFF'S JOURNAL.
(Continued from page 703.) We finished the rough part of our We ought however to prefix a duty in our last Number : leav- selection of passages bearing upon ing only the more pleasant task the personal character of the of condensing, as we promised, writer; for few men throw themwith little of note or comment, a selves more into their book than series of interesting extracts, con. Dr. Wolff; and often with the taining, first, passages of theolo- vigour of a giant, yet the simpligical remark or argument; and, city of a child. secondly,
7, passages relating to men It would be superfluous to dilate and manners.
upon Dr. Wolff's Christian honesty
and stedfastness of purpose, in de- firmness of purpose, he shews claring his mind and pursuing his himself to be a man of a tender objects without fearing frowns or spirit, a warm friend, and an courting smiles. His journals affectionate relative. We might abound with such incidental ex. quote many such illustrations as emplifications as the following; the following: which he gives without seeming to
“ The baptism of my own brother, think there is any thing unusual in which took place a few days ago, them.
(Aug. 1838,) by my own bands, has
so much occupied my thoughts, and “ Shortly after the battle of Nava- still fills my mind so much, that I rino, Sir Edward Codrington arrived at scarcely know how to begin my letter, Malta, with the greater part of the in which I must draw your mind to British, French, and Russian feets. A times gone by. Is it not remarkable grand ball was announced, in comme- that the same brother who cursed me moration of the battle; and we re- twenty-eight years ago, when I saw ceived a card for it, in common with him the last time, and when I mani. rest of the inhabitants; but I answered, fested to him my thoughts about to the officer in whose name it was Christ ;-is it not remarkable, that sent, that neither Lady Georgiana nor
that man should come to London, and I approved of balls in general, and be baptised by his own brother whom especially of one on the present oc
he cursed ? Is there not even now, at casion, after so many human lives this present hour, 'a remnant according had been sacrificed, and which had to the election of grace ?' caused the tears of orphans and widows “ As Lady Georgiana was not well, to flow ; I added that it would have and the heat of Larnica insupportable, been far more Christian-like to thank the Bishop of Larnica kindly offered us the Lord in public worship for having the use of his apartments in his Consaved the fleets of the Allied Powers, vent of Santa Barbara, as the air was and therefore we declined the invita: better there. Accordingly we set out tion. I heard afterwards that this on the 16th for that place; Lady letter was read in the ball-room." Georgiana rode on a mule, after the
“ Omar Effendi, the Chief of the fashion of the country, and so did I ; Mosque of Omar, sent for some eye
the rest all rode donkies; our beloved water; he offered to accompany me to baby was carried by the Arab maid. the Pasha. It is far better to go the servant on a cushion. We slept at a straight way to work, for if one attends village, where, being much detained, to the advice of the poor timid Chris. we did not arrive till twelve o'clock. tians of Jerusalem, travellers would Our dear little Harriet being, quite lose all their privileges as Europeans, good all the time, and the road being and would soon be looked upon as very rough, I myself carried the dear Rayahs, i. e., tributary subjects; and little girl in my arms for near two for this reason I wore always a white hours. Sweet little angel, little did turban when I went out. As often as
we think that we should lose her so one goes out, one is reminded of Jere. soon; but she is gone to the Friend of miah's mournful complaint:
children. Sweet little angel!” does the city sit solitary,'" &c.
“ On the 5th of August, 1828, we “ There are several thousands of Jews made arrangements for setting out on at Salonica, followers of Shabatay our journey to Damietta. But here I Zebee; they profess outwardly the must hasten on, for the visitation of Muhammedan religion, but in secret the Lord was very heavy on us at that carry on the Jewish worship with vene- time, and it would be too painful to ration for Skabatay Zebee. They me, to give a full description of it. believed me at first to be one of their Our dear little baby, our sweet Harriet, sect. I tixed a public call in Hebrew was taken ill of the Cyprus fever, and on the wall of Salonica, calling on died at Limassol on the 28th of August. them to believe in the Lord Jesus I read the funeral service over my own Christ. About three thousand Jews child, and on my return to the house, crowded around it. The Jews were was seized with so violent an attack of so enraged that they offered 12,000 fever, that all around considered me in piastres, about 6001., for my head. The imminent danger.". Pasba, however, requested me not to “ In Abyssinia, Hyloo looked at the do so again.
golden locket containing the hair of
my wife and child. He asked me what' Yet with all Joseph Wolff's it was. I explained it to him. Hyloo.'
- Do you kiss it sometimes ?' My myself the door for a more effectual self. Sometimes.'
setting forth of the real light of tbe « On the 26th of June, 1836, I ar- gospel." rived at Adwah, the capital of Tigré, "i We called at Amsterdam on the where I met with Gobat, who had been Rev. Mr. Mackintosh, the clergyman already ill in bed fourteen months, and of of the Scotch Presbyterian Church in course in the greatest distress, his wife, that place, who was an excellent man, with a little child, and in the family ever ready to assist the servants of way, and none to comfort them! I Christ; and I think a Missionary ought therefore offered myself to postpone always to act so as not to come into my journey to Gondar, and from thence collision with the curate of the parish, into the interior of Africa, until I had or the stationary clergyman ; if not, conveyed Gobat and his family safely both the clergyman and the missionary back as far as Jiddah ; and also pro- will lay a stumbling-block in the way mised Gobat, that if he should die on of the conversion of those who are the way, I wonld go with Mrs. Gobat without." and his child as far as Switzerland. “ The Chief Rabbi at Amsterdam, Tears stood in the eyes of Gobat when declined receiving me, but I wrote to I gave him that promise.
him to ask bis advice as to where I
could place my mother in case that she The reader might not have were to come to visit me at Amster. supposed that a spirit of conci- dam, as I did not wish to force ber to liation, and forbearing considera
eat with me against her will, as she still
lives in connection with the synagogue. tion for the opinions and preju. I added, that though I wish her to dices of other men, were among become a Christian, it is against the Dr. Wolff's marked virtues; and spirit of Christianity to force any one yet we meet with many such
to make a profession, without real coo.
viction : he sent me word by his ses. passages as the following.
vant that Mr. Rudelsheim, a Jewish “ . Missionary should be able to hotel-keeper, would receive her.” give a religious turn even to common Judiciousness also may not be topics of conversation ; thus Christ, when sitting with the woman of Sa- generally regarded as one of Dr, maria at the well, turned the conver- Wolff's characteristics; and yet sation from the water he asked to there is such practical good sense drink, to that water which springeth to everlasting life : he ought also to be
in many of his remarks, as shews free from all moroseness or stiffness of that his remarkable tact in deal. character, and most especially he ought ing with men of so many names never to laugh or sneer at the supersti. and nations was not mere chance. tious observations he will hear from the foreign nations to whom he goes to
We annex two illustrations. preach; the consequences of such un. “ When I lecture before a learned courteous conduct of Missionaries are body, I always endeavour to shew that awful, for the minds of those who are Missionary enterprise is also useful to really in darkness are estranged from literature and science ; for who can the truth by such unamiable conduct better inquire into the sentiments and in a preacher of the truth.”
state of a people than a Missionary who “One thing a Jew converted to converses with all kinds of people, and Christianity might avoid, i. e. to ex- who has an opportunity of studying the asperate his countrymen by exposing Bible in the countries from whence it and ridiculing their Talmudical absur. was promulgated." dities : for no good can come of it “ I visited, during my stay at Malta, we do not find any one instance of the the Roman Catholic University at Va. Apostles doing so.
letta, and heard some of the lectures " I travelled nearly three months in there. Certainly every Missionary wbo Ireland, and advocated the cause of is sent to countries where he meets Christ, and also conversed with the with Roman Catholic Missionaries, Roman Catholics : but I had not yet ought to make himself acquainted with learnt that the gospel might be preached, the body of divinity as taught by the without insulting the prejudices of Romanists themselves : for it is of men. I exasperated the minds of the no use to expose superstition without Roman Catholics against me, by calling knowing the dogma of a religion the the Pope Antichrist, Dr. Doyle a Go- errors of which one intends to expose. liath, and so on; by which I lost a The theology of Fullo and Hubert, great deal of time, and I closed to Doctors of the Sorbonne, Bellarmine,