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text of being converted, in order to Turkish officers called on me. I offered become missionaries,) but also of his to him a copy of the Bible. He replied, great talent for languages, he (Dr. “that he could not, by any means, touch Bahnmeyer) gave him every encourage- anything which is forbidden by his reliment; he was sent to the Institution gion. Immediately after this, he reof Basle, and then to the Islington quested me to give him a glass of Seminary, whence he was sent to brandy. I replied, “You ought not to Malta; where he soon entered into a touch, by any means, anything forbid. strict friendship with the zealous Mr. den by your religion; for spirits are Le Mesurier, chaplain of the forces at prohibited in the Koran.'" Malta; and Schlienz is now a clergy. Optical Illusion.-“ Lady Georgiana man of the Church of England, and he observed a curious optical deception in has already undertaken the most gigan- the sand about the middle of the day, tic labours, and accomplished them for when the sun was strong; all the foot the promotion of religion and civili- prints and other marks that are inzation ! He neither complains about the dented in the sand had the appearance cold in winter, nor the heat in summer. of being raised out of it, and at those With him are joined Matthew Weiss times there was such a glare that it was and Peter Brenner, both worthy men.” unpleasant for the eyes.

Illustration of Hamlet left out by Free and Easy Oriental Manners.particular Desire.”—“Sir George Don, It is impossible to give an idea of the late Governor of Gibraltar, kindly in- total dissimilarity of manners at Jerusavited us to dinner twice. His Excel- lem and in England. In the East every lency was interested about Sheeraz, as one talks to you on an equal footing; he had heard of the fame of the wine of and the woman who washes for you that country, and observed to one of will come on Sunday to pay you a visit, our friends that he thought an account bring her friends, and sit down reguof my journies would be very interest. larly like company, and drink coffee; ing, if the parts about the Jews and the at the same time it they are beaten they Bible were left out."

say nothing about it.' Quaker-Lady Preacher._" When I English Dervishes.—“ One of the was lately in America, I asked a Arabs desired me to give him a Bible. Quaker lady what the Quakers said to I gave him the Bible gratis, as I mostly St. Paul's words, I suffer not a and I saw the great use of so doing, woman to teach.' She replied that he for as one of the Bedouin Sheikbs in meant womanish men. I asked her Yemen observed to me, 'The Dervish whether she was a masculine woman?" of England displays a better disposi.

Magnificent Bribe.—“Rabbi Shlome tion than our Dervishes. Our Derinformed me that the Jews of Constan- vishes take things, but you give us tinople had written to the Jews of useful things ;' and besides this the Jerusalem, that the Pope of Rome had people are very poor, and I consider it paid to me millions of dollars, in order an abomination to ask money of a Muthat I might be able to convert the hammedan or Abyssinian, when they Jews either by bribery or force." are so very needy.

A Mathematician.—“ finzy conti- Stipendiary Religionists.-“ Several nued, “You do not know, perhaps, Bethlehemite Christians, converted by that I am in the service of the Pasha, the Roman Catholic friars of Jerusalem, as Professor of Mathematics, and there- accompanied us, and told us the Latin fore I demand of you mathematical convent was quite empty, as the friars proofs of the truth of Christianity.' I were all in Jerusalem, because they said, “Do you ever eat?' Finzy.- would not pay tribute to the Pasha. “Yes.' Wolff.—' Why do you do so?' They added that the convent used to Finzy.Hunger compels me.' Wolffpay for them also, but now they re

* Can you prove that mathema- fused to do so, and therefore they gave tically?''

a good flogging to some of the friars, Abyssinian Saint.--" I must give and turned them out of the convent ; you an account I learnt of some of the and they added, with an oath, that if Abyssinian priests, respecting their the friars did not pay they would turn great saint Tekla Haymanot, who lived Greeks again, for they had turned Roin the seventh century. He made such man Catholics only on this condition !" an impression on the Devil by his preaching, that he (tbe Devil) deter- Contrast with this make-shew mined to become a monk for forty years. proselytism and love-of-money I observed, “I dare say that the Devil

conversion, the case of those faith. was frequently converted into monk.'

ful servants of Christ who, not for Mohammedan Scruples.--"One of the filthy lucre, but in the prospect of



the loss of friends, property, liberty, Christians advised him to turn Muhamand life itself, have joyfully taken

medan. He exclaimed, ' Christ is risen! up the cross of their Divine Master, up his fine hair which he wore, as many

I fear nothing.' The executioner lifted to follow Him wheresoever He Greeks do, flowing down to the shoulleads. Our own age has not been ders, and struck him several times with destitute of such champions for the

the sword, so as to draw blood, in the faith, such additions to the noble niotes continued,” Jesus is the son of

hope that he might relent; but Paarmy of martyrs.

Feeble women the living God;' and, crossing himself, in Madagascar, and persecuted he exclaimed, Christ is risen! I fear Jews in Constantinople, have nothing !' and his head fell. The Greek joined that triumphant assembly.

convent paid 5,000 piastres for leave to

remove his body and bury him.” The following, from Dr. Wolff's

We now

close Dr. Wolff's journal, is an affecting illustration; and with it we will close our

pages. We are glad to find

that our reverend brother, after extracts.

all his vicissitudes, and greatly “Now I will relate a remarkable in- needing repose, has found a peacestance of modern martyrdom. A young ful home in an English pastoral Greek, some years ago, whose name was dwelling, and among so affectionPaniotes, was servant to a Turkish no

ate a flock as he describes them bleman, called Osman Effendi. He came with his master to Jerusalem; and when

to be; for he says, in concluding Osman Effendi went to worship in the his book : “ The people of LinthMosque of Omar, this young Greek ac- waite are very good-natured and companied him. Soon after Osman kind-hearted towards us. They Effendi undertook a journey to Damas

divide themselves into cus, intending to return to Jerusalem,

Blues, and left Paniotes to await his return. Yellows, and Whites; i.e. ConserWhen the Pasha of Damascus arrived vatives, Whigs, and Radicals. I here on his annual visit, Paniotes was

like the Blues best!" Whether, in accused to him of having profaned the Mosque of Omar, by baving entered it;

the providence of God, this is to he was summoned to appear before the be his final earthly sphere of sacred Pasha, and questioned as to why he did ministration; or whether he is so; he answered that he had followed his master, whom it was his duty to fol. yet reserved for renewed public low. The penalty was death or to turn labours, we pray that his bow Muhammedan, which was much pressed may abide in strength; that he upon him. Paniotes exclaimed, Christ may have much of the presence is risen, who is the Son of the living of the God of his Fathers with God. I fear nothing."

“Pasha—Say God is God, and Mu- him, and with those who are dear hammed the prophet of God, and I

to him; and that “the good will adopt you as my son.'

of Him who dwelt in the bush,” "Paniotes,+ Christ is risen ; I fear the indwelling of “the angel of nothing.' They led him out before the castle

the covenant," the grace of a cruof David, and drew up the soldiers cified but exalted and again to around him with their swords drawn; be manifested Saviour, may rest but Paniotes exclaimed, 'I am a Chris- upon him. And so ends ouradvent tian! Christ is risen! I fear nothing! farewell and benediction, for himChrist the Son of God, and exclaimed, self and his fellow-pilgrim, and the • Christ is risen! I fear nothing.' Even little Wolfflings.

see it.

MEMOIR OF Z. MACAULAY, ESQ. A brief Sketch of the Life of the late ZACHARY MACAULAY, Esq.

F.R.S. as connected with the subjects of the abolition of the Slave Trude and Slavery. Extracted from the Appendix to A Review of the principal Proceedings of the Committee of the London Anti-Slavery Society,

subsequent to the passing of the Abolition Act in 1933.” London, 1839. It was a great disappointment pose, and that no communication and grief to us that we were not had been held with any member able to present to our readers a of Mr. Macaulay's family, who full and authentic memoir of that therefore are not responsible for excellent and remarkable man, the sketch ; but it bears upon its our much-esteemed and beloved front the impress of faithfulness; friend, the late Mr. Macaulay; and we feel no scruple in quoting but upon making application to it as a well-written and very inte. those from whom we hoped to re- resting narrative; and we are glad ceive an outline of the narrative to be able to rescue it from its of his useful and exemplary life, present fugitive shape, and to inwhich we intended to inlay with troduce it to a large class of our own recollections, we found readers who would not otherwise that materials for that purpose

The committee say that had not been collected, and that they have understated rather than it was doubted whether a copious adequately depicted Mr. Macau. and accurate memoir could be lay's “constant, severe, and disfurnished. We would have at interested labours in the cause of tempted ourselves to supply the religion and humanity;" and this defect; but that we thought it we can attest is true ; for even in unjust to his memory to give only regard to his exertions for the an imperfect and meagre sketch abolition of the slave-trade and in the pages of a work which (in slavery, which occupy the larger conjunction with friends of kin portion of their succinct narrative, dred mind) he projected, and much might be added; while in personally edited for fifteen years; reference to other parts of his life, and in which, therefore, if any particularly his extensive original memorial were presented, nexion with religious and charitwe thought it ought to be one able institutions, and his writings, that should exhibit his life and -chiefly papers in the Christian character both authentically and Observer, during his editorship, adequately. Whether such a me- upon a great variety of subjects, moir will yet be given to the world, theological, critical, moral, philanwe know not ;-we trust there thropical, and political — little will;- but in the meantime a well. could be said in so condensed a delineated sketch has been ap- space; though that little is written pended to a summary of the pro. with discrimination, affection, and ceedings of the London Anti-sla- justice. “Macaulay,” Hannah very Committee, and which (with a More once said to us, “ has a large few abridgments) we have great heart”—which was as superfluous satisfaction in transferring to our an announcement to those who pages. The compiler (the secre- knew him, as that he had a clear tary to the Anti-slavery Commit- head-a most perspicacious accutee) states that the letters quoted racy of judgment. His judicious, were not furnished for that pur- and often striking and felicitous,

observations on public events; passed before him. He exhibited his powerful advocacy of deeds of the property both of a guileless piety and charity; his calm and and a great mind in the frank. discriminating strictures in mat- ness with which he yielded his ters of theological controversy ; confidence where he thought it and his earnest appeals in the deserved; so that when he had inculcation of practical holiness once committed any charge to and fervent devotion of heart and one whom he believed worthy of life to the service of our Divine it, he never harassed himself or Lord and Master; exhibited him others with suspicions or peevish as combining the characteristics complaints. Few men had a more of an enlightened statesman, a affectionate circle of personal scriptural philanthropist, an or- friends, or better deserved it; for thodox and accurate divine, and a he was not a sunshine flatterer, devout and practical Christian. but a man whose services might His religious sentiments, both doc- be best relied upon whom they trinal and practical, are upon re

were most needed. * cord (not to allude to other papers) in the Family Sermons in the first fifteen volumes of the Christian While looking over some old let. Observer, many of which were

ters of our friend, we happened to turn from his own pen, and all under

to one addressed to us by Mr. Henry

Drummond, a few years since, upon his went his revision. *

We may bearing of Mr. Macaulay's being seriously add, that he was not unskilled in ill. It is so honourable to both parties, matters of literary taste and criti- that we feel sure we violate no delicacy cism; and he cordially promoted illustrate the remark in the text.

in copying the following passage to useful science; but love to God and

“ I was very much concerned at your to man was his most marked fea- account of Mr. Macaulay's health, ture ; and it shed a radiance over which I received last night, and went his whole conduct. He had a deep- up to see him to-day: His son and

daughter told me he is in a very precaly-feeling heart under a somewhat rious state. If he is taken away, I shall thought-worn, not to say rugged, look upon it as a sign either that the brow; which, however, readily emancipation of the slaves is not now lighted up to cheerfulness or sof.

to take place; or that, being never to tened to tenderness, as the happi- the enormity is withdrawn, and the

take place, the principal witness against ness or the afflictions of others judgment on its perpetrators is to pro

ceed. The latter appears to be more But we must not pursue this Indeed, a history of the abolition of the theme; our intention being only latter by any individual, who may not to extract the substance of the Macaulay's papers and correspondence,

consonant with Scripture ; but our * We inserted several which he duty is still to call upon men to repent wrote after he quitted the editorship; and forsake their evil courses. Yet I but we will not specify them, as they cannot deny that the return of the might not be all, or altogether, his Jews, the destruction of Christendom, own. We gather this from the follow. (whatever its boundaries may be,) and ing note attached to the manuscript of the coming of the Lord, all precede the one which he sent us in 1820.

blessings to be conferred on the hea“MY DEAR SIR,

then. During the thirteen years that I “ Laying my hand yesterday have known Mr. Macaulay intimately, on the brief notes of a sermon I heard I have ever found him advancing in the some time since, I was induced to copy knowledge of the Lord. He has been them out. I do not know whether more slandered than any individual of they will serve your purpose ;—they my acquaintance, with less adventitious may, possibly, with such corrections power of resisting calumny than Mr. and alterations as, on looking over the Wilberforce; and therefore I ever felt MS., may suggest themselves to you. it especially incumbent upon me to But dispose of it as you shall judge stand by him, and throw in my lot best. I shall only be glad if it saves with bis. Macaulay is a staunch friend, you any trouble.-Yours truly,

and one of the very very few men I have Z. M." met with in this false world on whom I

have the advantage of consulting Mr. narrative in our hands; though must necessarily be a failure. It is of course not making ourselves true, they may write down how many answerable for every expression meetings were beld in the Freemasons

Hall, and how many in Exeter Hallor statement in it. We will take

and who made speeches, and moved the liberty of appending some resolutions—and how many times the notes by way of addition or illus- subject was brought forward in Parliatration.

ment, and give extracts from the lucid

and powerful speeches made by Mr. “ It is not our intention to furnish a Fowell Buxton, the great parliamenhistory of Mr. Macaulay's life: even tary leader in this cause, and by others; were it in our power to do so, the in- but if they have not had access to these tended immediate publication of the valuable documents, they will never be pamphlet to which it is purposed to able to show how the mighty maappend these notes, would not allow chinery wbich effected it was, in the time sufficient to collect the requisite first instance, constructed and set to materials, nor even to refer to the dates work, nor scarcely even, how it was of many interesting and important kept in action, until abolition became events connected with it.

A good the fashion of the day. biography of Mr. Macaulay, moreover, " From the beginning of 1835, when would necessarily comprise a far more the Anti-Slavery Committee recomcomplete history of the Abolition of menced their labours, they were dethe Slave Trade and of Slavery than prived of Mr. Macaulay's personal as. any which has yet been yet written.* sistance, in consequence of the intirm

state of his health, which had been

much undermined by those incessant felt I could depend, if ever I should

labours in the great cause of abolition, have been throwu into circumstances to

which he began at a very early period require more than the name.

Such a

of his life,-carried on in the West loss is not to be replaced.”

Indies,-in Africa,--and in Europe,

and which terminated only with his * The compiler justly states, that

existence. The extent, and the unthough the earlier portion of Mr. Clark

ceasing nature of these labours, were son's history of the Abolition of the known but to few,-not to their full Slave Trade is minute in its details ;

extent, even to the members of the the narrative of the proceedings of the Anti-Slavery Committee, except perlast ten years of the struggle, from bis haps to such men only as Mr. Wilberhaving been precluded from taking an force, Mr. Stephen, Mr. Fowell Buxactive share in it, in consequence of

ton, &c., who devoted day after day, the shattered state of his health, and and night after night, to the same obthe consequent necessity he was under ject; and even amongst these, he was of compiling this part of it from written the hardest of the hard workers. He documents, is by no means so full. not only readily but gladly sacrificed Very few formal meetings of the Com- time, health, money, domestic enjoymittee for the Abolition were held ments, hours of recreation, and even during the period alluded to; but those who are personally cognizant of the transactions, know, that this de- courage, indefatigable industry, and ficiency was more than compensated by warm benevolence. I witnessed with the very frequent meetings which were admiration his labours in the Antiheld at Mr. Wilberforce's house, in Old Slavery Society. He had to endure Palace Yard, at which were generally the fate which such powers and virtues present Mr. Wilberforce, Mr. Stephen, invite. He was the object of bitter Mr. Henry Thornton, Mr. Macaulay, persecution and malignant slander by Mr. William Smith, Mr. (now Lord) the tools of the planter and colonial Brougham, and others. From these party. But he survived them all, and meetings we have known Mr. Macaulay lived,-a felicity denied to his friend frequently retire at day-break, to carry Mr. Stephen, but alike conferred on the result of their deliberations into me and our common friend Mr. Wilberimmediate effect. Mr. Clarkson, writ. force-to witness the grant of legal ing subsequently to the period when emancipation, though not the enjoyhe published his History, says : " He ment of actual liberty, by the newas a man of great ability, undaunted groes."

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