Page images



The reign of King Edward VI.

The justice of the English reformation argued. Regally debated.
King Edward's council. Heads of the two parties. Royal visitation.
First book of homilies. Injunctions. Origin of bidding prayers. Par-
liament repeals several popish laws, and makes new ones. Act for ap-
pointing bishops. Chauntries given to the crown. Foreign protestant
divines take sanctuary in England. Images taken down out of the
churehes, and old rites abolished. All preaching forbid. First refor-
mation of the communion and of other offices. Antiquity of liturgies.
Of retaining the popish rites. Of the habits. Parliament confirms the
new liturgy. Bishop Gardiner hardly used. Rebellions on behalf of
the old religion. Heretics burnt. Joan of Kent. George Van Paris
burnt. Bonner deprived : succeeded by Ridley. Reformation of the
ecelesiastical laws; does not take place. Act for consecration of bish-
ops, and ordaining priests and deacons. Mass books called in. Altars
changed into communion tables. Reasons for it. Rise of the controversy
about the habits. Bishop Hooper's character: he refuses the habits;
his reasons. Judgment of foreign divines. Hooper hardly used. The

difference compromised. Sentiments of the reforming clergy about the
habits. Ridley and Cranmer relax their opinions of the habits. Ger-
man church established. Gardiner deprived. Doctrines of the church
reformod. Remarks. Common prayer book revised a second time: es-
tablished by parliament. Marriages of the clergy legitimated. Blem-
ishes of the reformation. Alienation of church lands. Reformation
left imperfect. Further progress intended. Bucer's sentiments: and
Cranmer's. Original of the English convocation. King's death and
character. Remarks.

The reign of Queen MARY.

KING Edward's last will. Queen Jane proclaimed. Queen Mary

enters London. Her declaration about religion. Suffolk men punished.

Reformers imprisoned. Foreigners commanded to leave the kingdom.

Popery restored by parliament. Proceedings of convocation. Wyat's

rebellion. A visitation. Numbers of the clergy ejected. Queen's second

parliament and marriage. Disputation at Oxford. Reformers' decla-

ration of faith. Cardinal Poole arrives from the pope. The kingdom

reconciled to Rome. Laws against the pope repealed. Queen restores

the church lands. Laws against heretics revived. Protestants burnt.

Bonner's cruelty. Petition from beyond sea in behalf of the martyrs,

Mr. Bradford burnt. Bishops Ridley and Latimer. Bishop Gardiner's

death. Archbishop Cranmer burnt. Further cruelties. The numbers

that were burnt in this reign. Rise of the controversy about predesti-

nation. Arians. Some recant. Private congregation of protestants.

Their sufferings. Many go into a voluntary exile. Rise of the puritans.

Their manner of worship. The troubles at Frankfort. Disputes about

ceremonies and the service book. They appeal to Calvin. Dr. Cox

restores the use of the service book. Mr. Knox banished. Congrega-

tion divides: part go to Geneva. Remarks. Congregation at Frankfort

divided a second time. The magistrates' advice to them. Their new

book of discipline. Death of bishop Poynet. A visitation of the uni-

versities. Princess Elizabeth, her sufferings. Calamities of the nation.

Queen Mary's death and character.

From the beginning of Queen Elizabeth's reign to the Separation of

the Protestant Non-Conformists.

State of the nation. Preaching forbid. Return of the exiles. Ad.
vice of foreign divines about the reformation. Resolution of the exiles.
Proceedings of the parliament. The act of supremacy. Original of
the court of high cominission. Remarks. Power vested in the crown
by the act of supremacy; with regard to the doctrine, discipline, cere-
monies, nomination of bishops and convocations. Sentiments of the pu-
ritans. Admonition to parliament. Remarks. Dispute between pa-
pists and protestants. King Edward's liturgy revived. Act of uni-
formity. Remarks. Proceedings of convocation. Popish bishops de-

prived. Consecration of archbishop Parker. Principles of the reform-
ers, with the opposite sentiments of the puritans. Queen's injunctions.
Proceedings of the visitors: disliked by the Queen. Numbers of popish
elergy deprived. No reformation of doctrine as yet. Terins of con-
formity not approved by many. Geneva Bible. Dutch and French
churches restored. Scots reformation. Treaty of Edinburgh. Their
kirk discipline. Behavior of the papists. Archbishop visits his dio-
cese. Appointment of lessons for Sundays and holidays. Sad state
of the clergy and of the universities. Queen averse to the married
clergy. Aet of assurance. Convocation review the article of the
church. Controverted clause of the 20th article. They are subscrib-
ed. Debate about ceremonies. Proposals for reformation. Other pro-
posals ; rejected by a single proxy. Miles Coverdale dispensed with as
to habits ; and Mr. Fox the martyrologist. Variety of forms and hab.
its complained of. Letters of puritans to courtiers against pressing the
habits. Proceedings of the bishops. Advertisements. The Queen
urged to enforce them. Sentiments of the first reformers about the
habits. State of the Question about the habits. Sampson and Hum-
phrey's letter against the habits. Sentiments of foreign divines : of
the Switzers; of the French; of the Scots; of the English laity. Ad-
vertisements, or injunctions for uniformity. New subscriptions. Dr.
Humphreys and Sampson before the commissioners. The archbishop's
questions, and their answers. Other arguments against the habits.
Proceedings of the commissioners. Sampson deprived. Humphreys'
letter to the Queen; obtains a toleration. Proceedings with the Lon-
don clergy. Numbers deprived. Their reasons for refusing the habits.
New injunetions of the ecclesiastical commissioners. Further severi-
ties against the puritans. Licences taken away. University of Cam-
bridge's privilege of licencing preachers debated. Queen visits the
university of Cambridge. They scruple the habits. Whitgift writes
for dispensing with the habits. The archbishop's rigor, and his com-
plaints. Sad condition of the city of London. Abstract of the suspend-
ed ministers' reasons for non-conformity. Restraint of the press.-
Hardships of ibe puritans. Some continue in the church: others sep-
arate: sad consequences of it. Remarks. Affairs of Scotland. Birih
of King James I. Kirk discipline established.


From the Separation of the Protestant Non-Conformists to the death of

archbishop PARKER.
OBJECTIONS of the puritans against the hierarchy of the church.-
Heads of the separation. They are apprehended at Plumbers’- Hall.
Their examination. Their sufferings. Refugees increase. Danger-
bus state of the reformation. Bishops' Bible. Popish eoufederacy.--
Their numbers. Rebellion in the north. The Queen and kingdom ex-
communicated. Effects of it. Penal laws against the papists. Death
of Mr. Kirgsmill. Proceedings of the spiritual courts. Mr. Axton's
examination. Mr. Cartwright opposes the hierarchy of the church.
His positions. His punishment." Cartwright goes beyond sea. Pro.


ceedings in the parliament for reformation. Aet for subscribing arti-
cles of faith. Address of the commons. Convocation. Rules for dis .
cipline. Rise of the prophesyings. Their orders. Their confession of
faith. Bishop Jewel's death and character. The Rev. Mr. White-
head's death. ‘Archbishop Parker's zeal for uniformity. Puritans sus-
pended. Beza's letter for reformation. Attempts in parliament for
reformation; stopt by the Queen. Subscriptions urged on the clergy.
Puritans apply to parliament. Their first admonition. Ministers that
presented it imprisoned. Second admonition. Apology of the prison-
ers. Their supplication, and confession of faith. Heads of the admoni-
tion to the parliament: answered by Whitgift. Cartwright replies. Re-
inarks. The temper and behavior of the disputants. Whitgift's severe
usage of his adversary: the Queen's, and the Bishops. Remarks.
Conclusion of the controversy. Remarks. First presbytery at Wands-
worth. Growth of popery. Sad state of religion. Parisian massacre.
Death of Mr. Knox. A severe persecution. Birchet's death and inad-

Visitation of the diocese of Norwich. Puritans offer a publie
disputation. Proclamation against Cartwright. Dr. Deering depriv-
ed: be is restored. Other ministers deprived. Mr. Johnson's suffer-
ings. Form of a subscription for the clergy. Form of subscription
for the laity. Mr. White's examination. Puritan ministers caressed
by the people. Protestation of the members. Dutch and French
churches forbidden to receive puritans to their communion. Prophe-
syings of the clergy increase : suppressed in the diocese of Norwich.
Council's letter to continue them. The archbishop prevails. Death
of Parkhurst bishop of Norwich. Religious assemblies broke up.-
Sampson resigns his lecture : writes to Grindal in favor of puritanism.
A sham plot fathered on the puritans. Parker defends his conduct in
the plot. He visits the isle of Wight. Reformation of Guernsey and
Jersey. State of popery. Foreign seminaries erected. Family of
love. Anabaptists burnt. Death of archbishop Parker


From the death of Archbishop PARKER, to the death of Archbishop

PROCEEDINGS of parliament and convocation. All licences made
void. Diligence of the puritan preachers. Rise of the controversy
about discipline. Associations for this purpose. Conclusions of the
puritans in their synods. Remarks. Ministers deprived: Mr. Harvey
Mr. Rockrey, Mr. Greenham. Mr. Stroud's troubles. Death of Mr.
Deering. Prophesyings regulated. Queen's reasons for putting them
down. Her letter for that purpose. Bishop of Litchfield and Coven-
try's letter. Grindal refuses to comply: he is sequestered and confin-
ed. Death of Mr. Lever. Puritans ordained at Antwerp.

testimonials. Dean Whittingham's troubles : the validity of his ordi-
nation disputed: his death. Mr. Lawrence deprived." Scarcity of
preachers in divers parts of England; in London : in Cornwall: reasons
of it. Mr. Stubb's right hand cut off. Commons vote a fast. Queen
forbids it. Private fastings of the elergy put down. Queen requires a

fall conformity. Seditious libellers to suffer. Statute against seducing
the Queen's subjects to popery: and to oblige all persons to come to
chureh. Visitation in London. Rise of the Brownists. History of
Robert Brown. Principles of the Brownists. Reasons of their separ-
ation. Remarks. Severities against them. Puritans received into
gentlemen's families. Execution of Campion the jesuit and others.
Queen assists foreign protestants. Commission of concealments. Mr.
Wright's sufferings. His ordination denied. Presbyterial ordination ad-
mitted by arehbishop Grindal. Complaints of bishop Aylmer's severi-
ties. Justices of the peace supplication. Effects of it. Mr. Copping and
Thacker, ministers, executed. Low state of practical religion. Death
and character of the Rev. Mr. Gilpin. Death of archbishop Grindal.


From the death of Archbishop GRINDAL, to the Spanish invasion in 1588.

WHITGIFT arehbishop : his articles. Examination into his power of
imposing them. Arehbishop's primary visitation. Numbers suspend-
ed. Their hardships. Motives for amendments in the service book.
Archbishop's reasons for subscription. Compassionate case of the non-
subscribers. Their supplication to the council. Petition of the Lon-
don ministers to convocation. Mr. Barber, Field, and Egerton, sus-
pended. Petitions of gentlemen and parishioners for their ministers :
Essex petition; Norwich petition. Archbishop's remonstrance against
them. He petitions the Queen for a new ecclesiastical commission,
Queen grants it. Copy of the commission. Remarks. Power of the
commission debated. Of the oath ex-officio. Their power of imprison-
ment. Of their fines. Of their power to frame articles for the clergy.
Manner of the court's proceedings. Form of citation. Whitgift's
twenty-four articles. The treasurer's remarks upon them. The arch-
bishop justifies his articles. His reasons for proceeding by the oath ex-
officio. Lords of the council dissatisfied. Mr. Beale writes against the
arehbishop. The archbishop's complaint of him in the Star-chamber.
Conference at Lambeth. Heads of the conference. The issue of it.
Bishop Aylmer's severities against the puritans. Ministers suspended
by the bishop of London. Mr. Carew's sufferings. Mr. Knight and
Mr. Negus' sufferings. Mr. Gifford's sufferings. Mr. Dyke suspend-
ed. His parishioners petition for him, and the lord treasurer; but in
vain. Mr. Benison's sufferings. The council's letter in his favor. The
bishop's answer. Mr. Merbury's examination and imprisonment. Re-
marks. Hardships of the country clergy. Mr. Paget's sufferings.
Artieles against him: and his answer. Causes of his deprivation ar-
gued. His further sufferings.

Mr. Travers' case. Book of disci-
pline. The abstract. Puritans apply to the parliament. Bill brought
in. Their proposals for reformation : attended with a supplication.
Answer of the bishops. Bill against pluralities. The convocation
flies to the Queen. Bishops' proposals. The bill rejeeted by the lords.
Other bills for reformation brought in : The archbishop's letter to
the Queen : Her majesty puts a stop to them. Remarks. Whitgift's
arguments against marrying at all times of the year. Puritans ap-

« PreviousContinue »