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against Dr. Thomas Cooper bishop of Winchester ; and is said to be printed in Europe, not far from some of the bouncing priests, 1590.

Epitome of the first book of Dr. John Bridges, against the Puritans; with this expression in the title-page, Oh ! read over Dr. John Bridges, for it is a worthy work. Printed over sea in Europe, within two furlongs of a bouncing priest, at the cost and charges of Martin MarPrelate, gent. in quarto.

The Cobler's book,f which denies the church of Eng: land to be a true church, and charges her with maintaining idolatry under the name of decency, in the habits, fonts, baptism by women, gang-days, saints eves, bishoping of children, organs, wafer-cakes, &c.

lla' ye any more work for the Cooper? In printing of which the press was discovered and seized, with several pamphlets unfinished ; as, Episto [Episco] Mastix, Martin's Dream, Paradoxes,

The Lives and Doing's of Dialogues,

English Popes, Miscellanea,

Itinerarium, or Visitations, Varice Lectiones,

Lambethisms. The'two last of these were imperfect; but to complete the itinerarium, the author threatens to survey all the clergy of England, and note their intolerable pranks : And for his lambethisms he would have a Martin at Lambeth. Other books were published of the same nature ; as, A Demonstration of Discipline; the Counter-Poison, &c.

The writers on the church-side came not behind their adversaries in buffoonery and ridicule, as appears by the following pamphlets printed at this time.

Pappe with an Hatchet, alias, A Fig for my Godson : or,

Crack me this put, that is, a sound box of the ear for the ideot Martin to hold his peace. Written by one that dares call a dog a dog. Imprinted by John Anoke, and are to be sold at the sign of the Crab-tree Cudgel, in Thwack-Coat-Lane. I +Life of Whitgift, p. 296. SIbid. p. 288. Ath. Oxon, vi. 280. VOL. Į.


Pasquil's Ipology. In the first part whereof he renders a reason of his long silence, and gallops the field with the treatise of reformation. Printed where I was, and where I shall be ready, by the help of God and my muse, to send you a may-game of Martinism. Anno 1593. Quarto.

An Almond for a Parrot: or, An Alms for Martin Mar. Prelate, &c. By Cuthbert Curry-Knave. Quarto.

The return of the renowned Cavaliero Pasquil to Eng. land, and his meeting with Marforius at London, upon the Royal Exchange, London, 1589, against Martin and Martinism.

A Counter Cuff given to Martin junior, by the Pasquil of England, Cavaliero. 1589. Octavo.

It is sad, when a controversy about serious matters runs these dregs : Ridicule and personal reflection may expose an adversary and make him ashamed, but will never convince or reconcile; it carries with it a contempt which sticks in the heart and is hardly ever to be removed; por do I remember any cause that has been served by such methods. Dr.Bridges answered Martin in a ludicrous stile; but Cooper bishop of Winchester did more service by bis grave and sober reply, with the assistance of the archbishop of Canterbury, who being miserably aspersed, furnished the bishop with replies to the particular charges brought against him.

The book is entitled, an Advertisement to the people of England; wherein the slanders of Martin Mar-Prelate the libeller are distinctly answered. But after all, it was impossible for the bishops to wipe off from themselves the charge of persecution and violation of the laws.

To put a stop to these pamphlets the Queen sent a letter to the archbishop, commanding him to make diligent enquiry after the printing press, and issued out her royal proclamation, dated Feb. 13th, 1589, “For the bringing in 6 all seditious and schismatical books, whether printed or 6 written, to the ordinary, or to one of the privy council, as 'tending to bring in a monstrous and dangerous innovation 6 of all manner of ecclesiastical government now in use, and 6 with a rash and malicious purpose to dissolve the state of the prelacy, being one of the three ancient estates of this

ó realm under her highness, whereof her majesty mindeth

to have a reverend regard; she therefore prohibits any of "ber subjects from keeping any books in their custody a

gainst the order of the church, or the rites and ceremonies 6 of it, her majesty being minded to have the laws severely executed against the authors and abettors of them, as • soon as they shall be apprehended."'*

As soon as the printing press was discovered, his grace wrote to the treasurer to prosecute the persons with whom it was found; but, like an able politician, wishes it might be done by the lords of the council, rather than by the ecclesiastical commissioners, because they had already suffered for supporting the government, which was wounded through their sides. Accordingly Sir Richard Knightly, Sir Wigston, who had entertained the press, together with the printer, and Humphry Newman the disperser, were deeply fined in the star-chamber; and others were put to death. I

The archbishop being now in his visitation had framed twenty-two articles of enquiry, upon which the church-wardens of every parish were to be examined upon oath. By these articles they were to swear, that their minister was exactly conformable to the orders of the church, or else to impeach him; and to declare further, whether they knew of any of their neighbors or fellow-parishioners, that were 6 common swearers, drunkards, usurers, witches, conjurers, heretics; any man that had two wives ; or women that had two husbands: whether they knew any that went to con

* Life of Whitgift, in Rec. b. iii. No. 41.

+ Life of Whitgift, p. 314. Fuller, b. ix. p. 194. | Fuller adds, archbishop Whitgift improved his interest with the Qucen, till, though she was at first angry with his solicitations, they were delivered out of prison and eased of their fines. Bishop Maddox censures Mr. Neal for passing this over in silence; but he himself omits the construction put on this, apparently, kind conduct of the prelate ;

which, while some highly commended, so others," says Fuiler, “im‘puted it to the declining of envy, gaining of applause and remorse of

conscience for over rigorous proceedings : it being no charity to cure "the wound he had caused, and solicit the remitting those fines which he had procured to be imposed.” -Our author proceeds; “ Thus im

possible is it to please forward spirits, and to make them like the best deed, who dislike the doer." ED.

venticles or meetings for saying prayers in private hou. ses; any that were of age, and did not receive the sacra6 ment at church three times a year:* with others, calcu. lated to dissolve all friendship

in country towns, and set a whole diocese in a flame. When Sir Francis Knollys had read the articles he sent them to the treasurer, calling ther by their proper name, articles of inquisition, highly prejudicial to the royal prerogative; But there was no stopping his grace's career.

Among the divines that suffered deatht for the libels abovementioned, were the Rev. Mr. UDAL, whose case being peculiarly hard, I shall give the reader an abstract of it. He had been minister of Kingston-upon-Thames ; where, having been silenced by the official Dr. Hone, he lay by for half a year, having no farther prospect of usefulness in the church. At length the people of Newcastle-upon-Tyne wanting a minister, prevailed with the earl of Huntingdon to send him to them; when he had been there about a year he was sent for up to London, by the lord Hunsdon and the lord chamberlain, in the name of the whole privy council : Mr. Udal set out December 29th, 1589, and on the 13th of January, 1590, appeared at lord Cobham's house before the commissioners, lord Cobham, lord Buckhurst, lord chief justice Anderson, Dr. John Young bishop of Rochester, Mr. Fortescue, Mr. Egerton the Queen's solicitor, Dr. Aubrey, and Dr. Lewin. The bishop began the examination in this manner :-Bishop. Have you the allow. ance of the bishop of the diocese to preach at Newcastle ? Udal. There was neither bishop of the diocese, nor archþishop of York at that time. Fortescue. By what law then

* Life of Whitgift, p. 309, 311. Pierce's Vindic. p. 128. | Bishop Warburton is very severe in his censure of Mr. Neal for using this language; “ which, he says, in common English means dying by the hand of the executioner;" whereas Mr. Udal died in prison. But, when he died quite lieart-broken with sorrow and grief through imprisonment and the severe treatment he met with on account of the libels, his death was as much the consequence of the prosecution commenced against him, as if it had been inflicted by the executioner. At most there was only an inaccuracy in the expression, which it was very unworthy the bishop to censure as “upworthy a candid historian, or as honest inan.” ED.

did you preach at Newcastle, being silenced at Kingston? Udal. I know no law against it, seeing I was silenced oniy by the official, whose authority reaches not beyond his archdeaconry. L. C. J. Anderson. You are called to an . swer concerning certain books thought to be of your writing. Udal. If it be any of Martin's books I have disowned them a year and a half ago at Lambeth.

at Lambeth. L. C. J. Anderson.Who was the author of the Demonstration, or the Dialogue ? Udal. I shall not answer. Anderson. Why will you clear yourself of Martin, and not of these ? Udal. Because I would not be thought to handle the cause of discipline as Martin did; but I think otherwise of the other books, and care not though they should be fathered upon me; I think the author did well, and therefore would not discover him if I knew him; but would hinder it all I could. L. C. J. Anderson. Why dare you not confess if you be the author ? Udal. I have said I liked of the books, and the matter handled in them; but whether I made them or no, I will not answer, for by the law I am not obliged to it. Anderson. That is true, if it concerned the loss of your life [and yet the judges tried and condemned him for his life.] Udal. I pray your lordship, does not the law say, No man shall be put to answer without presentment before justices on matters of record, or by due proofs and writ original, &c. A. 42 Edw. III. cap. 3.

Anderson. That is law if it be not repealed. Bishop of Rochester. Pray let me ask you a question concerning your book. But Udal was upon his guard, and said, it is not yet proved to be mine. Mr. Solicitor. I am sorry, Mr. Udal, you will not answer nor take an oath, which by law you ought to do; but he did not say by what law. Udal. Sir, if I have a liberty by law, there is no reason why I should not challenge it : shew me by what law I am obliged to accuse myself. Dr. Lewin. You have taken the oath heretofore, why should you not take it now?

Udal. I then voluntarily confessed certain things concerning my preaching of the points of discipline, which could never have been proved; and when my friends labored to have me restored to my ministry, the archbishop answered, there was sufficient matter against me by my own confession why I should not be restored; whereupon I

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