Harold Temperley: A Scholar and Romantic in the Public Realm

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University of Delaware Press, 1992 - Biography & Autobiography - 362 pages
"Harold Temperley was a leading Cambridge diplomatic historian of the interwar period and Master of Peterhouse at the time of his death in 1939. This biography sheds new light on the development of the British historical profession and contributes to our understanding of Cambridge life in the early twentieth century. It focuses on how Temperley's work affected the larger worlds of intellectual life and international politics outside his college." "A basic premise of this study is that Temperley was influenced by spiritual factors, especially the romantic literature and cultures of eastern Europe. He also exhibited, from his Victorian upbringing, a great confidence in the rightness of his own country's liberal institutions (in the Gladstone-Acton mode), and constantly sought intervention in the realm of public affairs. Early chapters lay a basis for Temperley's moral worldview and show how he and other scholars of the Cambridge History School struggled over whether history should be valued "for its own sake" or whether it should be regarded as a "school for statesmanship."" "During World War I, Temperley entered the active life. After brief service in Gallipoli he was assigned to the War Office, where he gathered intelligence on the Balkans and daily influenced British policy through his knowledge of that area and his ability to get on with the right people. At the end of the war he served as an "agent on mission" in southeastern Europe and was a member of the British delegation at the Paris Peace Conference. Vehemently anti-Italian, Temperley was instrumental in frustrating Italian Irredentist aims along the eastern Adriatic. Later he represented Britain on the Albanian boundary commission and served as a special advisor to A. J. Balfour with Britain's League of Nations delegation in Geneva in 1921." "Between the wars Temperley continued to mingle with persons in the highest echelons of government and academic affairs throughout Britain, Europe, and America. He gained notoriety for his compilation (with G. P. Gooch) of British Documents on the Origins of the War. This tempestuous story adds substantially to U. F. G. Eyck's biography of Gooch. Temperley also initiated The (Cambridge) Historical Journal and wrote a textbook (with A. J. Grant) entitled Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, which is still used in many British educational institutions. His most famous pupil was Herbert Butterfield, whose seminal idea and book, The Whig Interpretation of History, was influenced by continuous contacts with his mentor at Peterhouse." "As president of the International Historical Congress as well as through a continuous outpouring of scholarly works, Temperley was an influential figure in the historical profession in the 1930s. However, his greatest influence occurred in the public realm when Neville Chamberlain read Temperley's book The Foreign Policy of Canning as he was formulating plans for a settlement of the Czechoslovakian problem in 1938. This work created an appealing historical parallel between George Canning's ideas in the 1820s and his own approach to Hitler, and it had a definite impact on Chamberlain's conduct during the Munich crisis."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
 

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Contents

Early Days
23
A Historians Apprenticeship
34
The Young Don
58
The Maturing Scholar
78
Entering the Active Life
103
The War Years
105
Administering the Peace
125
Scholarly Triumphs
147
Years of Denouement
217
The Doctor in His Lair
219
Historian and Internationalist
245
Master of Peterhouse
274
Epilogue and Conclusion
291
Notes
305
Bibliography
338
Index
351

The Butterfield Connection
167
Gooch and Temperley
190

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About the author (1992)

John D. Fair is professor of history and chair of the Department of History and Geography at Georgia College & State University in Milledgville, Georgia. He is the author of two books on modern British history. He has competed in more than fifty Olympic and powerlifting meets, coached several teams, taught weight-training classes, staged meets, been a national referee, served on the national weightlifting committee, and even judged a Mr. America contest.

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