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overturn the government. The means said to have been provided for this end were so inadequate, that it could hardly have entered into the minds of any person in the use of their reason, either to have con• trived luch a scheme, or to have believed the existence of such a contrivance. The conclusion of this a matter demonstrated the folly and wickedness of the a• gents, and the distress of government for schemes to divert the minds of the people from brooding upon their blunders and mismanagement. It never happens under wise governments that such inadequate means are proposed to answer such purposes. In all states they have been ranked among the follies and infirmities of the states, or statesmen who have fucd them; and this feeble device to fcandalize the patriots, will stand posted among the follies of the Bria tish ministry for this year, in all the records where it is mentioned. Those who were in the opposition to the measures of the ministry, held his Majesty's person as facred as his most intimate cabinet-friends, and in all things that belonged to his real honour would have ventured more than those who accused them of disaffection. Those who are guilty of giving princes bad council, are never those that can safely be trusted in the time of imminent danger. Since the days of Floddenfield, one honest man like the Earl of Douglas, is worth all the nobles of a nation for the safety and honour of a sovereign.

The speech from the throne fully declared the re. folution of the cabinet; and nothing but war and una conditional submission was proposed to the colonists. The various addresses echoed the fame doctrine, and the majority in parliament confirmed whatsoever the ministry propofed. The minority made a good defence, and opposed with much spirit the address that


was proposed to be made to the kings speech. The fyeech was taken to pieces, and every part of it most feverely examined. The ministers were charged with having brought their sovereign into the most disgraceful and unhappy situation of any monarch now liv. ing. Their conduit had already wrested the sceptre of America out of the hands of their sovereign, and now they wanted to attempt impoffibilities, to re. cover what they had lost through wantonness and incapacity. -The charge brought against the coloniits with respect to their intention of independency, from the beginning of the controversy, was refated by arguments which the ministerialists could not contradiet, It was affirmed against them, and they could not refute it, that their accusing the colonists of this design, was only to cover their own guilt and mismanagement;, and that the Americans had not behaved insidioníly, but fairly and openly in all their tranfactions with government; that they had from the beginning told the ministry openly, honesty, and boldly, without disguise or reserve, and declared to all the world, that they would not submit to be taxed arbitrarily by any body of men whatsoever, where they were not represented. They did oor whisper nor con. ceal their sentiments in this particular, but had from the beginning spoken uniformly the same language. They had plainly told what they would do, if pressed to the last extremity, and therefore the minstry were fully informed from the beginning with their whole de lign. But the accusations now brought against them were only mean patched coverings of the nakedness of base aétions, which all men that were not lost to every feeling of human nature wouid be ashamed of.

The ministry could not at this time pretend that sbey had gone blind-fold into these foolish and absurd


measures which they were bent in pursuing ; for they had been warned every session of parliament what would be the issue. Their measures seemed to have

roceeded from wilfulness and obstinacy, rather than from ignorance and mistake: they were bent upon bringing the colonies to unconditional submission, with a view to render them subservient to arbitrary purposes of government, to serve their own passions and appetites for pensions and places.

It appears somewhat strange, that at this time, and ever since, the ministry have thrown the reproach of the ill success of the American war, upon the gentlemen of the opposition, when there has never been any thing demanded in parliament for carrying it on, but what has granted according to their own desires and wishes. They were indeed forewarned by men who saw more clearly than they either did or would fee, what would be the issue of such wild and impolitic measures, and were advised to defist from ruining the empire. This was all that the minority ever did, and this was all that they could charge them with in carrying on the American war, or interrupting its intended fuccefs. The ministry split upon a rock which has ruined them all along. They trusted to the information of their own pensioned governors, who having fallen out with the colonists, were careful to misrepresent them, and to deceive their masters, for the fake of their own emolument and advantage. These hirelings of state were now fo foured by the opposition of the people to their measures and defigns, | and had met with such disappointments, that their whole information to government was dictated by a fettled revenge.


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The desigä of bringing in foreign troops occasioned a long and severe debate in parliamenti

This meas. füre was eensured both as illégal and impolitical. To bring in foreign force into the British dominions was confidered contrary to the law of the land, and expoAng our own weakness and, moreover, fhewed a delign in government, rather than not rule absolutely Over their own subjects, to bringe to German laves, to help them to fupport their tyranny. It was said, that those who would not hear the reasonable requests of their own subjects, were now turned fuppliants to petty itates for aid to fupport their arbitrary meaa fürės.

There are times of geñeral infatuation, when even those who disapprove of the publie measures that tend to ruin them, gave them as much-support as if they were conducted with the greatest tvisdoiti, and were calculated to promote their true interests. Tho' the country gentlemen in partiainent were called upon to mind their own interests, and to oppose those teps of the ininiitry which led to the ruin of the nation, yet they still vored with the court, and divided in- general with the minister. They were asked, if they would for ever fuffer their eyes to be blinded; and not füffer themselves to fee the destructive' inexfures that were carrylige on; without once hesitating or refleaing upon the commonrain in which they were involving themselves and the whole nation ? Would they still follow, without examination or enquia fy, those leaders that had deceived and milled thein in every thing; until they had brought the tadion into.its prefent disastrous situation? Had they yet had time to confider the difficulies attending the support of 70,000 men on the other side the Adamic Had they confidered, or made any calculation, how many


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thousand tons of shipping would be neceffary for their coaveyance and for their support, or what the expence might amount to of fupplying them from Smithfield market, with vegetables, and all other neceffaries from London and its neighbourhood, These were matters of ferious confideration. The land-tax was to be raised ta four fhillings in the pound, and the most fanguine, imagination could fcarcely hope that ever it would be again lowered, even fup. posing the most fortunate change of circumstances.-Many arguments were ased by the minority to thew the present evils, and future bad tendency of carrying on the American war; but the ministry were so full of their own fcheme of fubjugating the colonists, that they would listen to no advice, however falutary. These disputes proceeded from the King's fpeech, and they are so long and redious, that to give them at full length would be irkfome to the reader. It is fufficient to observe, that the debates were principally carried on for and against an address to the King, on account of the fpeech from the throne. The amendment proposed by the minority was rejected by the majority, and the original question carried for the address without a division

The next topic of debate, was concerning the sending of Hanoverian troops to Gibraltar. In this debate, the friends of the minister were divided in their opinion; even those who had warmly fupported the American war opposed this measure, and when the measure came to be debated, the minister found many of thofe be thought were his friends joined with thofe in oppofition. It was inlifted upon, in zhe most peremptory terms, that the measure was illegal and unconstitutional in the last degree; that it was repugnant and fubveruvc of the principles of the

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