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fore the light infantry and the Hessian chasseurs. The army formed with the right upon the road, from Mamaroneck, about a mile distant from their centre, and the left to the Brunx, near about the fame distance from the right flank of their entrenchments. The Americans had a party lodged in an advantageous post that was feparated from their right. flank by the Brunx, and which also by its windings covered that corps in front from the left of the Britifh army. As this post would have been of great consequence, in attacking that flank of the entrenchment, BrigadierGeneral Leslie, with the several brigades of British troops, the Hessian grenadiers, under Colonel Donop, and a battalion of that corps were ordered to diflodge the enemy. Previous to the attack, Colonel Rall, who commanded a brigade of Heflians on the left, had paffed the Brunx, and gained a post, which enabled him to annoy the enemy's flank, while they were engaged with the other forces in the front.

The passage of the river was very difficult, but the iroops performed it with readiness and alacrity, and the 28th and 35th regiments having passed first, formed with great steadinefs on the opposire fide under the fire of their enemies. On this occasion the public ace counts say.nothing of the lofs of our troops, but such as were upon the foot have declared that our meur fuffered feverely, and that the troops were greatly thinned by the fire of the enemy.' They, however, afcended a steep hill, in defiance of all oppofition, and rushing upon the enemy, drove them from their works. The rest of the troops fhewed no less fortitude and steadinefs in fupporting these two regiments. The gaining of this important poft took up a confiderable time, which was prolonged by the enemy's still fup


porting a scattered engagement, under defence of the adjoining walls and hedges. In the evening the Hessian grenadiers were ordered forward within cannon shot of the entrenchments, the 2d brigade of the British formed in the rear, and the two Helsian brigades on the left of the second. The right and centre of the arıny did not remove from the ground upon which they were formed. In that position the whole array lay upon their arms during the night with a full intention and in the fulleit expectation to engage

in the morning, and to attack the provincial camp.---General Walhington, with great address, before the morning had measured out more work for the British forces. He had drawn back this encampment in the night, and greatly strengthened his lines by additional works. For this reason the attack was deferred, and it was thought necessary to wait for the arrival of the fourth brigade, and of two battalions of the fixth, which had been left with Earl Percy at New York. Upon the arrival of these troops, the necessary dispositions were made in the evening for attacking the enemy on the last day of October, but a very wet night and morning prevented the defign from being executed as was intended.

General Washington, who knew the intention of our General, had not the smallest intention of venturing an engagement, while it was possible to avoid it.He knew that delay was in some respects a victory to him, and that fmall fkirmishes, that could not in the least affe&t the public safery, would train his men to war and irure then to danger, better than a general engagement, which in one day might decide their own and the fate of their country. The enemies of Walbington confessed, that in the


course of this campaign, and more particularly in this part of it, he fully performed the part of a great commander.

It was said by the Americans, that upon our men covering four or or five batteries with a powerful artillery preparatory to an attack, together with the ge. neral's kuowledge, that by turning his camp the British forces might become.poflessed of hills at his back, which totally commanded it, he found it necessary to change his situation. He accordingly quitted his camp, in the night of the first of November, and took higher grounds towards the North Castle district, after having set fire to the town or village of White Plains, as well as to all the houses and forage near the lines. The King's troops next day took poffefsion of their entrenchments. General Howe, finding that all his art could yot draw. Washington, to an engagement; and that the nature of the country and his present fin tuation did not admit of his being forced to one, de. termined not to {pend his time in fruitless manæuvres, without performing any thing of confequence. " He therefore ' resolved to take this opportunity to drive, the provincials out of York Iland, which their army could not prevent.

For this purpose General Knyphausen crossed the country from New Rochelle, and having taken poffefsion of Kingsbridge without oppofition, entered York Island, and took his station to the North of Fort Washington, to which the enemy had retired at his approach. Fort Washington lay on the west side of New York Island, near to Kingsbridge Bow and Jeffery's Nook, and almost facing Fort Lee in the Jersey fide, from which it was separated by the North River. This was a strong work,, but not suffi, cient to resist heavy artillery, and it was by no means


of a sufficient extent for any other purpose, except strengthening the lines. But the situation was ex, ceedingly strong and the approaches difficult,

Upon the 13th of November the army returned ļowly, by, the North River, and encamped on the heights of Fordham, at a moderate distance from Kingsbridge, with the North River on the right, and the Brunx on the left. Every thing being prepared for attacking the fort, a summons was sent to Colonel M‘Gaw, who commanded it, to surrender, who declaring that he was determined to defend it to the Jaft extremity, a general affault was resolved upon, to save the time that would be lost in making regular approaches. The garrison consisted of near 3000 men, and the strong guards near the fort were covered with lines and works. Four attacks were made at the same time, The first on the north side, commanded by General Knyphausen, at the head of two columns of Hessians and Waldeckers.


The second on the east, was led on by Brigadier-General Matthew, at the head of the first and second battalion of light infantry, and two battalion of guards, fupported by Lord Cornwallis, with the first and second battalions of grenadiers, and the 33d regiment. These troops crossed the East River in flat boats, and as the enemy's works there extended the breadth of the island, redoubts and batteries were erected on the oppofite Thore, both to cover the landing of the troops,

and to annoy thofe works which were near the water. . The third attack, which was principally intended as a feint to distract the provincials, was conducted by · Lieutenant-Colonel Stirling, with the forty second segiment, who passed the East River lower down, between the second and fourth attacks. The last at


tack was made by Lord Percy, with the party that he commanded on the south part of the island. All the attacks were supported by a numerous, powerful, and well served artillery, The Heffians commanded by General Knyphaufen, had a thick wood to pass, where the provincials were advantageously posted, and where a warm engagement was continued for a long time, in which the former was greatly exposed, and suffered much, though they behaved with much bravery and firmness. The light infantry were lead on in the mean time, and were exposed both before and after to a very smart and continual fire from the enemy, who were covered by the rocks and the trees, a. mong which they were posted. The troops, however, with their usual alterness and activity, extricated themselves by climbing up a very steep hill, when they dispersed the cnemy, and made way for the landing the rest of the troops, without oppofition. During these transactions, Earl Percy having carried an advanced work on his fide, Colonel Stirling was ordered to attempt a landing, and two battalions of the few cond brigade to fupport him. The colonel performed this service with great bravery, but with considerable lofs; he advanced his boats through a heavy fire, which they bore with great firmness, and forcing his way to a steep place, gained the summit, and took 170 prisoners, notwithstanding the enemy made a bold and good defence. While these things were carrying on, Colonel Rall, who led the column of General Knyphau. sen's attack, having forced the enemy, after a confiderable opposition from their strong posts opposite to his line, pushed on to their works, and lodged his column within an hundred yards of the fort; and being foon joined by the General with the left column, who


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