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useful instruments in effecting its purposes. At the fame time, this addition of strength derived from and growing in the country, carried a very flattering appearance, and seemed to indicate resources for carry. ing on the war in the very scene of action. This was a deception which government continually indulged, and to which they have always been dupes. Those emigrants and tories, the greateft part of which had fled from distant parts with their families and with what they could carry with them, were much in the same situation with the army; they had no residence till the war was over, and could only for once recruit the troops. These were but few of them that were in poffeffion of property, and during the time of the war could be of no morę service than common re, cruits ; and provided the war should end sụccessfully, could be of mo more 'service than any others who should choose to settle in the country. Even in those parts that were considered loyal, it was only the necessity, and not principle, that drove them to the royal standard,

Governor Tryon was placed at the head of this new corps, who already in his civil capacity commanded the militia, and who had been at much pains in establishing it for the support of the royal cause. He now bore the rank of a major-general of the provincials. This junction of a few tory provincials with the royal ar ry, was considered at home as a wonderful acquisition. The friends of the ministry began to boast that the Americans were all coming over to the King's forces, and that there were as many on the side of government as there were on the side of the congress. This foolish and'indeed false gafconade ex

posed

so many

posed the friends of government very much ; for it appeared exceedingly mystical that seeing there were

of the Americans on the side of the royal cause, that there should be occafion every year for new recruits to the army, and new large sums of money for carrying on the war. Falfhood and inconsistency are inseparably connected.

General Howe having found by experience that the colonists were not to be so easily conquered as he imagined, formed a plan of destroying their stores and magazines in all those places where he could reach them by the aid and assistance of the shipping. He was informed that they gathered considerable stores and magazines at a place called Peeks-Kill, which lies about 50 miles up the North River from NewYork, which served as a kind of port to Courtland. Manor, by which it had received provisions, and dispensed supplies. The Americans during the winter had built and erected mills, as well as established magazines, in a rough and mountanious tract called Courtland Manor. This was a grand repository, and a place of great security ; upon this they had bea stowed much pains and expence, and furnished it with immense stores and provisions of ali sorts.

Sir William Howe was informed of these circumstances in general, and was convinced of the consequences which would ensue, provided these resources which the enemy had provided with so much labour and industry were cut off. He knew that a general atempt upon Courtland-Manor would not only be dangerous on account of the strength of the county, but impracticable from the nature of the ground and must prove abortive ;-as the length, parade, and the manner of preparation, would afford the colonists

time for preparation, and warn them of his defign;
fo that the force in that quarter would be gathered
against him, and he would have to fight every inch of
his
way,

under a moral certainty of loss, without any prospect of fucceeding. And suppose he should even be able to defeat their troops, they would have time to carry away the magazines to another place.

Peek's-Kill was however within reach, and the Geo neral determined to profit by that circumstance." Colonel Bird, with 500 men, under the protection of a frigate of war, and other armed vessels, was fent

up

the North River for that purpose. They fet out upon this expedition upon the third of March, and reached the place before the alarm was given to the country. Upon their approach, the provincials either finding or imagining themselves unequal to the defence of the place, and being convinced that they had not time to remove any thing but themselves and their arms, fet fire to the barracks and principal ftore. houses, and then retreated to a strong pass, about two miles · distance, which commanded the entrance into the mountains, and covered a road which led to the, mills and other stores. The British troops found upon their landing that the provincials had left them little to do, and that they could not carry away what still remained for want of time, compleated the con. flagration, and had the honour of burning those stores which had escaped the flames of the provincials. The troops re-embarked when the service was per. formed, and the armament, after destroying several small craft laden with provisions, returned.

This service however was far from fulfilling the main defign of General Howe. Those magazines were not of so much importance and magnitude as

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had been represented, and something was Aill to be done to distress the enemy, and to weaken their refources. He had received intelligence that large quantities of stores and provifions were deposited in the town of Danbury, and other places in the borders of Connecticut, which lay contigious to Courtland manor. An expedition was accordingly undertaken for the destruction of these magazines, the charge of which was committed to Governor Tryon, who was assisted by General Agnew, and Sir William Erskine. This expedition was said to have been formed upon a plan of General Tryon, who had flattered himself with finding many provincials in that'quarter to join him as soon as he should appear at the head of the King's troops. This new generalifound himfélf under a very grievous mistake. The detachment appointed to this fervice consisted of 2000 men, who having embarked under the convoy of a proper naval armament, 'were landed in Norwalk in Connecticut, upon April 25th, about twenty miles to the southward of Danbury." As the country was no way prepared for such a visit, having no apprehension of such a de. sign, the troops advanced without interruption, and arrived at Danbury the following day. They now perceived that the country was rifing, not to join Ge. neral Tryon's standard as he imagined, but to intercept his retreat, and as no carriages could have been ! procured, if it had been otherwise, 'to bring off the ftores and provisions, they immediately proceeded to the destruction of the provisions and magazine. In the execution of this service the town was reduced to alhes. This has been a method of carrying on war in which our army has been exceedingly fuccefsfal; from whence it would appear that they conti

dered

dered the country as no longer belonging to the King but totally an enemy's country, which was to be wholly laid waste. Tryon and his detachment found this expedition attended with more difficulties than he foresaw or was aware of; he did not expect that in that colony, where he promised himselffo many friends, that he would meet with fuch resistance as happened to him in his return. This detachment returned on the twenty-seventh by the way of Kingsfield, without any fear that they would meet with any violent assault from the people of Connecticut.

In the mean time the Generals Wooster, Ar. nold and Sullivan, having collected as many of the militia as they could upon so sudden an emergency, marched with all expedition to cut off their retreat, or to interrupt their march till a larger body of forces could be collected. Wooster hung upon the rear of the detachment, whilft Arnold, by crossing the country, gained their front in order to dispute their passage through Kingsfield. Nor could the formidable appearance of the British forces, who had , covering parties well furnished with field-pieces on their flanks and rear, nor the tumultuary manner in which a militia not very numerous were got together, prevent the Americans upon every advantageous, ground from making bolds attempts to interrupt the progress of the King's army. In one of these fkir., mishes General Woofter was mortally wounded. He was a brave and experienced officer, and had served with reputation in the two former wafs; when he was verging upon the seventieth year of his

age, fell nobly and bravely supporting the liberties of his country, against a power which he considered defpotical, and which wanted to enslave America. He die

he

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