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England provinces, and the upper part of Connec-
ticut, or to Fort Edward.

During these advantages on the left, Colonel Hill
was detached with the gth regiment from Skenerbo-
rough towards Fort Anze, in order to intercept the
fugitives who fed along the Wood Creek, whilst ano-
ther part of the army was employed in carrying bat-
teaux over the falls, in order to facilitate their move.
ment to diflodge the enemy from that post. In that
expedition, the Colonel was attacked by a body of
the enemy, consiting, as he conceived, of fix times the
number of his detachment, who finding all their ef-
forts in front ineffectual to force the judicious posi-
rion which he had taken, attempted to furround the
regiment. This alarming attempt put him under the
necesity of changing his ground in the heat of action.
Nothing less than the most perfect discipline, support-
ed by the coolest intrepidity, could have enabled the
regiment to execute so critical a movement in the
face of the enemy, and in such circumstances. It was
however performed wich such steadiness and effect,
that the enemy, after an attack of three hours, were
fo totally repulsed, and with such loss, that after set-
ting fire to Fort Anne, they fled with the utmost pre-
cipitation towards Fort Edward, upon the Hudson's

The loss of the royal army, in all this service, and
in so many different engagements, some of which were
warm, and fe- med liable to loss, was very small.
The whole in killed and wounded, not much exceed-
ing two hundred men.

Such was the rapid torrent of success, which fwept
every thing away before the northern army in its out-
fer. It is not to be wondered at, if both officers and


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private men were highly elevated with their fortune,
and deemed that and their prowess to be irresistable,
if they regarded their enemy with the greatelt con• '
teinpt, considered their own toils to be nearly at van
end, Albany to be already in their hands, and there-
duction of the northern provinces to be rather a mat.
ter of some time, than an ardous task full of difficulty
and danger.

At home, the joy and exultation was extremne; not
only at court, but with all those who hoped or willed
the unqualified fubjugation, and the unconditional sub..
million of the colonies. The loss in reputation was
greater to the Americans, and capable of more ta-
tal consequences, than even that of ground, or posts,
of artillery, or of men. All the coutemptuous and
molt degrading charges which had been made by their
enemies, of their wanting the resolution and abilities

men, even in the defence of whatever was dear to them, were now repeated and believed. Those who still regarded them as mon, and who had not yet lost all affcction to them as brethren,'; who also retained hopes that a happy reconciliation upon contiitutional principles, without facrificing the dignity, or the jolt authority of government on the one side, or a derelica tion of the rights of freemen on the other, was not even now imposible, not withftanding their favourable dispositions in general could not help feeling upon this occasion, that the Americans fuck not a little in their estimation. It was not difficult to diffute an opiniin, that the war in effect was over; and that any further resistance would serve only to render the terms of their fubmiffion the worfe. Such were some of the immediate effects of the ints of those grand keys of North America, Ticonderago, and the lakes.



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The Americans were in this stile degraded both by the tories and others, who were either lukewarm in the cause of liberty, or from selfish considerations with ed a total reduction of the colonies. But the tri. ümphing of the wicked is short ; matters were not long in taking a retrogade turn, and all this triumph was changed into sorrow and mourning.

General Burgoyne continued for some days with the army partly at Skenesborough, and partly spread in the adjoining country. They were under the necessity of waiting for the arrival of tents, baggage, and provisions. In the mean time, no labour was spared in opening roads by the way of Fort Anne, for advancing against the enemy. Equal industry was used in clearing the Wood Creek from the obstacles of fallen trees, sunken stones, and other impediments which had been laid in the way by the enemy, in order to open a passage for batteaux, for the conveyance of artillery, stores, provisions, for camp equipage. Nor was less diligence used at Ticonderago, in the carrying of gun-boats, provisions, vessels, and batteaux, over land into Lake George. These were all laborious works, but the spirit of the army was at that time superior to toil or danger.

General Schuyler was at Fort Edward upon the Hudson's river, where he was endeavouring to collect the militia, and had been joined by St. Clair with the wretched remains of his army, who had taken a round about march of seven days through the woods, in which, from the exceeding badnefs of the weather, with the want of covering, provisions, and all manner of necessaries, they had suffered the most extreme misery. Many others of the fugitives had also arrived, but so totally broken down, that they were nearly as


destitute of arms, ammunition, and all the materials of war, as they were of vigour, hope, and spirit, to use them with effect.

Although the direct distance from Fort Anne, where the batteaux navigation on Wood Creek determined, or even from Skenesborough, to Fort Edward, was no greater, than what in England would be confidered as a moderate ride of exercise, yet such is the favage face, and impracticable nature of the country, and such were the artificial difficulties which the ing dustry of the enemy had thrown in the way, that the progress of the army thither, was a work of much preparation, time, and labour. It will scarcely be be. lieved in after times, and may now be received with difficulty in any other part of the world, that it cost an actịve and spirited army, without an enemy in force to impede its progress, not many fewer days in pafling from one part to another of a country, than the distance, in a direct line, would heye measured miles, yet such, however extraordinary is the fact. --Besides that the country was a wilderness in almost every part of the passage, the enemy had cut large timber trees in such a manner, on both sides of the road, as to fall across and lengthways, with their branches interwoyen; so that the troops had several layers of these frequently to remove, in places where they could not possibly take any other direction.

The face of the country was likewise so broken with creeks and marsh. es, that in that short space they had no less than forty bridges to construct, besides others to repair ; and one of these was of log-work over a morass two miles in extent. All these toils and difficulties were encountered and overcome by the troops with their usual pirit and alacrity. The enemy were too veak, too


much difpirited, and probably too much afraid of the Indians, to add very materially to these difficulties.Some skirımilling and firing there was, however, on every day's march, in which, as usual, they conitantly came off losers.

' It is true, that General Burgoyne might have a. dopted another route to Hudson's river, by which most of these particular difficulties would have been avoided. By returning down the South river to Ticonderago, he might again have embarked the army on Lake George, and proceeded to the fort which takes its name, and lies at its head, from whence there is a waggon road to Fort Edward. To this it was objected, and probably with reason, that a retrogade motion in the height of viétory, would tend greatly to abate that panic with whicli the enemy were confounded and overwhelmed ; that it would even cool the ardour, and check the animation of the troops, to call them off from the prosecution of their success to à cold and spiritless voyage ; and that their expedi. tion would undoubtedly be checked by the resiilance ani delay which they must expect at Fort George ; whicreas when the garrison perceived that the army was marching in a direftion, which was likely to cut of their retreat, they would undoubtedly consult their fafety in time by abandoning the post.

The enemy'abandoned Port Edward, and retired to Saratoga, 'at the approach of the royal army, which, from the impediments we have scen in the march, was prot until the end of July. The enthufiasm of the army, as well as of the General, upon their arrival on the Hudson's river, which had been so long the object of their hopes and wishes, may be better conceived than described. As the enemy, by previously aban

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