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doning Fort George, and burning their vessels, had left the lake entirely open, a great embarkation of provisions, ftores, and neceffaries, was already arriva ed at that post from Ticonderago. The army was accordingly fully and immediately employed, in trans. porting those articles, with artillery, batteaux, and such other matters as they judged necessary for the prosecution of their future measures, from Fort George to Hudson's river.
Nothing could exceed the astonilhment and terror, which the loss of Ticonderago, and its immediate consequences, spread throughout the New England provinces. The General's manifesto, in which he difplayed the powers and numbers of the favages, adder perhaps to the effect. It was remarkable, however, that in the midst of all these disasters, and consequent terrors, no sort of disposition to submit appeared in any quarter.
The New England governments in particular, tho' most immediately menaced, did not sink under their apprehension of the common danger. They, as well as the Congress, acted with vigour and firmness in their efforts to repel the enemy.
Arnold, whom tve have iately seen at the engagement at Danbury, was immediately sent to the reinforcement of the northern
who carried with him a train of arrillery, which he recived from Washington. On his arrival he drew the A: ierican troops back from Sarato. ga to Still Water, a central lituation between that place and the mouth of the Mohawk river, where ii: fails into Hudson's. This movement was to be the nearer at hand to check the progress of Colonel St. Leger, who was now advancing upon the former of these rivers. His forces were daily increased thro'
the outrages of the savages, who, notwithstanding the regulations and endeavours of General Burgoyne were too prone to the exercise of their usual cruelties, to be effetually restrained by any means. The friends of the royal cause, as well as its enemies, were equally victims to their indiscriminate rage. Among other instances of this nature, the murder of Mifs M'Crea, which happened some small time after, struck every breast with horror.--Every circumstance of this horrid transaction served to render it more calamitous and afflicting. The young lady -is represented to have been in all the innocence of youth and bloom of beauty. Her father was said to be deeply interested in the royal cause ; and to wind up the catastrophe of this odious tragedy, she was to be married to a British officer on the very day that the was maffacred.
This tragedy will stand as a deep blot in the annals of the prefeut government as long as the fun revolves in his course around this terrestrial globe.--This massacre, and others its concomitants, will in some future reckoning make that coward tremble who is said to have given it fancion by the authority of his mafter on this side the Atlantic; and that hero which boasted great things in his fanguinary proclamations, will find the ghosts of innocents haunt him when the weapons of warfare are buried in peace.
Occafion was thence taken to exafperate the people, and to blacken the royal party and army. People were too apt to jumble promiscuously, and to place in one point of view, the cruelty of thefe barbarians, and the canse in which they were exerted. They equally execrated both. Whilst they abhorred and derefted that army which submitted to accept of such
an aid, they loudly condemned and reprobated that government, which could call such auxiliaries into a civil contest; thereby endeavouring, as they said, not to subdue but to exterminate à people whom they afa feeted to consider, and pretended to reclaim as subjects. General Gates, in the course of these transactions, was not wanting by several publications to ag.. gravate and inflame the picture of these excesses ; and with no small effc&t.
By this means, the advantages expected from the terror that was constantly excited by thele lavage auxiliaries were not only counteracted ; but this terror rather, it may be thought, produced a directly
The inhabitants of the open and frontier countries had no choice of acting ; they had no means of security left, but by abandoning their habitations, and taking up arms. Every man saw the necessity of becoming a temporary soldier, not only for his own security, but for the protection and de. fence of those connections which are dearer than life itself. Thus an army was poured forth by the woods, mountains, and marshes, which in this part were thickly lown with plantations and villages. The Americans recalled their courage ; and when their regular army seemed to be entirely wasted, the spirit of the country produced a much greater and more formidable force.
In the mean time, the army under General Bur: goyne, in the neighbourhood of Fort Edward, began to experience those difficalties, which increased as it farther advanced, until they at length became insurmountable. From the Bth of July, to the i5th of August, the army was continually employed, and eve: sy possible measure used for the bringing forward of
batteaux, provisions, and ammunition from Fort George to the first navigable part of Hudson's river, a distance of about 18 miles. The toil was excessive, in this service, and the effect in no degree equivalent to the expence of labour and time. The roads were in some parts steep, and in others required great repairs. Of the horses which had been supplied by contract in Canada, through the various delays ånd accidents attending so long and intricate a combination of paffage by land, and carriage by water, not more than one third was yet arrived. The industry of the General had been able to collect no more than 50 teams of oxen, in all the country through which he had marched, or in this in which he at present sojourned. These resources were totally, inadequate to the purposes of supplying the army with provisions for its current consumption, aud to the establishment at the fame time of such a magazine as would enable it to prosecute the further operations of the campaign.Exceeding heavy rains added to all these difficulties and the impediments to the service were so various and stubborn, that after the utmost exertion for fifa teen successive days, there was not above four days provisions in store, nor above ten batteaux in the Hudson's River.
In these embarraslıng and distressing circumstances, the General received intelligence, that Colonel St. Leger had arrived before, and was conducting his operations against Furt Stanwix. He instantly and justly conceived, that a rapid movement forward at this critical juncture, would be of the utmost importance. If the enemy proceeded up the Mohawk, and that St. Leger succeeded, he would be liable to get between two fires; or at any rate, General Burgoyne's
army would get between him and Albany, so that he must either stand an action, or by passing the Hudson's River, endeavour to secure a retreat higher up to the New England provinces. If, on the other hand, he abandoned Fort Stanwix to its fate, and fell back to Albany, the Mohawk country would of course be entirely laid open, the junction with St. Leger established, and the combined army at liberty and leisure to prescribe and chuse its future line of operation.
The propriety of the movement was evident ; but the difficulty lay, and great ivdeed it was, in finding means to carry the defign into execution. To maintain such a communication with Fort George during the whole time of so extensive a movement, as would afford a daily supply of provision to an army, whilst its distance was continually increasing, and its course liable to frequent variations, was obviously impractica. ble. The army was too weak to afford a chain of posts for fuch an extent : continual escorts for every separate fupply, would be a still greater drain ; and in either case, the enemy had a body of militia within a night's march at White Creek, sufficient to break the line of communication.
Some other fource of supply was therefore to be sought, or the design to be dropped, and the prof. pect of advantage which it presented totally relinquished.
The enemy received large supplies of live cattle from the New England provinces, which passing the upper part of the Connecticut river, took tlie route of Manchester, Arlington, and other parts of the New Hampshire grants, a tract of land disputed between that province and New York, until they were at length deposited at Bennington, from whence they were conveyed as occasion required to the rebelar