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vigour and obstinacy with which it was sustained, from three o'clock in the afternoon till 'after sunset. Arnold led on the enemy, and fought danger with an eagerness, and intrepedity which though much in his character was at no time more eminently distinguished. The enemy were, however, continually supplied with fresh troops, whilst the weight of the action lay principally for a long time upon the 20th, the 21tt, and 62d regiments. It will be needless to say, that they behaved with their usual firmness aud gallantry, though it may not be totolly superfluous to observe, that the greater part of these three regiments, were engaged for near four hours without intermiflion.
Most of the other corps of the army, bore also good Ihare in the buGness of the day. The 24th regiment, which belonged to Frazer's brigade, with the grenadiers and a part of the light infantry, were for some time brouglit into action, and charged with their usual spirit and bravery. Breyman's riflemen and some other parts of his corp, also did good service ; but these troops only acted partially and occasionally, as the heights on which they had been originally - posted, were of two great importance to be totally evacuated
Major-General Philips upon first hearing the firing made his way with Major Williams and a part of the artillery through a very difficult part of the wood, and from that time rendered most eflential service. It seems as if in one instance his presence of mind had nearly saved the army, wben, in the most critical point of time, he restored the action by leading up the 20th regiment, the enemy having then a great superia ority of fire.
Though every part of the artillery performed almost wonders, the brave Captain Jones
(who was unfortunately, though gloriously, killed) with his brigade, were particularly distinguished. Major-General Reidefel also exerted himself to bring up a part of the left wing, and arrived in time to charge the enemy with bravery and effect. Just as the light closed, the enemy retired ; and left the royal army masters of the field of battle. The dark. ñess equally prevented pursuit and prisoners.
Upon the whole the royal army gained nothing but honour by this arduous struggle and hard-fought bata tle. They had now grappled with such an enemy asthey had never before encountred in America; and such as they were too apt to imagine it could not pro... duce. The flattering ideas that the Americans could only fight under the covert of walls, hedges, or entrenchments, and were incapable of fuitaining a fair and open conflict in the field were now at an end. This opinion had also been in some measure shaken in the fouth. Here they met with a foe who seemed as eager for action, as careless of danger, and as indifferent with respert to ground or cover as themselves ; and after a hard and close contest of four hours, hand to hand, when darkness put an end to the engagement, the royal forces but barely kept the field, and the Americans only returned to the camp.
We lost many brave men in this action, and it was not much matter of comfort that the Americans had lost a great number. The army lay all night on their arms in the field of battle, and in the morning took a position nearly within cannon shot of the enemy's camp, fortifying their right wing, and extending their left so as to cover those meadows through which the Jiver runs, and where their batteaux and hospitals were placed. The 47th regiment, with that of Heffe
Hanau, and a corps of provincials, were encamped in the meadows as an additional security. The enemy's right was incapable of approach, and their left was too strongly fortified to be insulted.
The zeal and alacrity of the Indians began from this time to Nacken. Though the General complains in his dispatches of the ill effects of their defertion, he does not specify the particular time of their abandoning the army. This close and danger. ous service was by no means suited to their disposition, and the prospect of plunder was narrowed to do. thing. Fidelity and honour were principles for which they had no terms, and of which they could frame no ideas.
Some letters had lately passed between Gates and General Burgoyne, in which bitter reproaches relative to the barbarities committed by the favages were thrown out by the one, and those chargcs were in general denied, and in part palliated by the other, -The lavages.likewise received some check on account of the murder of Miss M•Crea.. Upon some or all of these accounts, they deserted the army in the season of its danger and distress, when their aid would have been most particularly useful, and afforded a second instance within a Mort time, of the little reliance that could be placed on such aux. iaries.
A great desertion also prevailed amongst the Canadians and British provincials, nor does it seem as if the fidelity or services of those who remained, were much depended on or esteemed. General Burgoyne had from the beginning, nor did it entirely forsake him at this time, a firm hope of being powerfully fuccured if wanted, or at any rate of being met and joined at Albany by a strong force from the army at
New York. He now received with great difficulty a letter in cypher from Sir Harry Clinton, informing him of his intention to make a diversion on the North River, by attacking the Fort Montgomery, and some other fortresses which the rebels had erected in the Highlands, in order to guard the passage up thar river to Albany. Though this diversion fell far thort of the aid which the General expected, he however hoped that it might afford effential service by oblig. ing Gates to divide his army. He accordingly returued the messenger, and afterwards dispatched two officers in disguise, and other confidential persons, all separately and by different routes, to acquaint Clinton with his exa&t state, fituation, and condition; to press him urgently to the immediate profecution of his design; and to inform him that lie was enabled in point of provifion, and fixed in his determination, to hold his present position, in the hope of favour. able events, until the izth of the following month.
In the mean time every means were used for forti. fying the camp, and strong redoubts were ere&ted for the prote&tion of the magazines and hospitals, not only to guard against any sudden attacks, but for their fecarity in any future movement which the army might make in order to turn the enemy's flank. The strictest watch on the motions of the enemy, and attention on every quarter to their own security, became every day more indispenlible, as Gates's army was continually increasing in force by the accession of fresh bodies of the militia.
The spirit of exertion and enterprize which was now raised in the New England provinces, was become too general, and too much animated by succesi, to be easily withstood at once in all the different points
of its direction. Whilst General Burgoyne was ful. ly engaged with Gates and Arnold, and found him. felf immediately involved in circumftauces sufficiently perplexing, all his difficulties were increased, and his Iituation was rendered much more critical and preca. rious, by an unexpected enterprize of the militia from the other parts of New Hampshire and the head of the Connecticut, totally to cut of all means of com. munication with Canada, by recovering the forts of Ticonderago and Mount Independence, and beconiing again masters, at least, of Lake George.
The expedition was under the direction of Gene. ral, Lincoln, and the immediate execution was committed to the Colonels Brown, Johnson, and Woodþury, with detachments of about 500 men each.----They conducted their operations with such secrecy and address, that they effcctually surprized all the outposts between the landing place at the north end of Lake George, and the body of the fortress of Ticonderago. Mount Defiance, Mount Hope, the French lines, and a block-house, with 200 batteaux, an armed Noop, and several gun boats, were almost instantly taken. "Four companies of foot, with nearly an equal number of Canadians, and many of the officers and crews of the veffels were made prisoners; whilst they afforded liberty for a number of their own people, who were confined in some of the works they had taken, and after repeated fummons to Brigadier Powel who commanded, and who gallantly' rejected all their proposals, they for four days made reiterated attacks upon the works at Ticonderago, and Mount Independence' ;. until finding they were repulsed in every affault, and totally unequal to the service, they at length abandoned the design.