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of mankind, was now determined to practise according to his own plan of inapauvres. He perceived by á kind of intuition all the woods and swamps in Americz, and had so formed his plan of operation, that the General was not at liberty to deviate, one inch from his appointment. In this respect, the General was altogether cramped in his commission, and was ur.der. the neceflity either to run headlong to his own destruction, or to disobey the orders of his superiors.-Perhaps the commander in chief in this expedition over-rated his own abilities, and rafhly engaged to per, form a task which he had not perfectly examined, nor thoroughly understood ; and he is greatly to be blamed for perfisting to execute a plan which he found concerted by folly, ignorance, and ambition. NO General who knew the duties of his office would have engaged to pursue the plan of any minister of state, without having a discretionary power of directing the subordinate measures according to the belt of his own judgment.

It was fully perceived by all discerning persons, that the minister had no settled plan of the American war, though he obstinately persisted in carrying it on, and would not deviate from the several schemes of his own folly and ignorance, which he had begun. Whether he was the dupe of false information, or wilfully contrived inconsistencies, is not altogether evident; but his own account of the state of America was glaringly preposterous. At one time he gave out that they were only a trifling mob, and that nine. tenths of the people were zealous for government ; and yet what is exceedingly ftrange, this large and vast majority suffered themselves to be fleeced and driven like leep by that ragged handful of their ową

rabble,

' rabble. The next day, when all the feudal dungeons of Germany were to be scoured for military flaves to cut the throats of these rebels, and the substance of Britain exhausted to maintain them, the American's were become numerous, and powerful. . The delusion was become highly contagious, and they were to be brought to their senses by nothing short of the exer. tion of the whole strength of the mother country.-We were again told that the colonists were all cowards ; that the sight of an English grenadier, was suffi. cient to throw a whole province into a panic ; but what seemed strangely inconsittent, was, that near 60,000 men, with an immense naval force, shonld be fent to reduce these cowards and poltroons. This fort of inconsistency plainly shewed, that the ministry had no true intelligence of matters of fact, but were ready to believe those flavish wretches their governors in America, who only told them stories agreeable to their depraved inclinations, and suited their lies to their own interest, and the ambition of the court.

· The affair of Saratoga, was a dismal commentary upon the ignorance and inconsistency of the Minden Hero and his brethren; he could not now deny that one of the best appointed armies that ever had been fent from Europe to America had been obliged to deliver up their arms, and surrender to those that he had represented as a contemptible rabble, without discipline. It was now that the minifters began to talk of peace, and to affirm what all the world know to be false, that they were inclined to peace from the beginning ; but the truth of the matter was, they could not tell what to say: they were catched in their corn faare, and entangled in coils of their own making.-They now began to feel that the American war was

à very serious affair, and produced events totally beyond the reach of their apprehenfion. But what methods to pursue were not easily to be determined; they had no wisdom to devise proper plans; they had Do desire for peace, and they knew not how to carry on the war. Their enemies began now to collect all their miscarriages, and point out their causes. Among many others, the hiring and employing savages was ful

discussed, and it must be allowed that this measure will, as long as the history thereof is handed down to pofterity, disgrace the present reign, and those miniIters that promoted it. The sums spent in hiring favages were enormous, and their service rather hurtful than useful to those who employed them, and a dif. grace to any government. Their method of making war is horrible, and shocking to the manners of all ci: vilized nations : it far exceeds the ferocity of any other barbarions that have been recorded by either ancient or modern history. These favages have but two principal objects in all their wars ; the one is the indulgence of their native cruelty, by the destruction, or if pollible, the extermination of their enemies; and the other, which depends upon the former, is the glo. ry of acquiring the greatest number of scalps, which are hung up and preserved with the greatest care in their huts, as perpetual trophies of victory, conquest, and personal prowess.

As they have neither pecuniary emoluments, nor those honorary titles or distinctions which are fo flattering in civilized nations, to beltow, the rewards of danger and warfare consists in human scalps, in human f. h, and the gratifications arising from corturing, mangling, roasting alive by flow fires, and frequently even devouring their captives. These are the re

wards

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Engraved for Murrays History of the American War.

ADMIRAL BYRON.

Printed for T. Robson, Newcastle upon Tyne.

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