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wards of Indian Warriors, and such are the horrors of an Indian war. There is one apology which the ministry, made for employing the favages, pamely, that if his Majesty had not employed them, that the rebels would have done it. But this, like many others of their apologies, was without all foundation. There was no proof or evidence that the colonists ever in. tended to employ these barbarians, or had they ever attempted to enter into any offensive alliance with them. All that ever they desired of them was, that they would observe a strict neutrality, and be quiet.They had actually entered into a treaty of neutrality with the five famous Indian nations, which our ministry had bribed to violate, and to act offensively against the colonies. At the very time the Americans were entering into treaties of neutrality with as many of the favages as they could persuade to that measure, the Britiski agents under the direction of the ministry, were hiring the barbarians to destroy the subjects of ihe empire from one end of America to another. This was demonstrated by several papers that came before the House of Commons:

The wickedness of this infernal scheme will cleave to the authors of it, and, like a milstone, ank down to destruction all the other measures that ever they shall be engaged in ; for the history of mankind cannot thew a single instance where providence ever honour: ed any persons by being instruments of doing good, who had wilfully and obstinately persisted in doing so much evil. For the sake of having the assistance. of savage butchers to massacre old men, women, and children, the government paid the enormous sum of 150,oool. though they never could bring above 7 or 8oo of them into the field. It is a thing beyond all



dispute, that it was not the intention of the ministry to qualh what they called rebellion, but to extirpate the whole race of those malcontents in America.For if it had been their intention to have put an end to the rebellion, they would undoubtedly have pursued wiser measures than they have ever yet done. It affords but a melancholy reflection to the fubjets of Great Britain to find that the morality of this war is always put out of the question, and the necessity for carrying it on is urged upon principles that would difgrace Indian favages. We have passed the Rubicon, and have entered the field of disgrace and ruin, and for that reafon we must not retract, but go on from evil to worfe. Such principles of action, when read in history by impartial future ages, will make our pofterity shudder to think from what a frange race of men they have deícended.

Notwithstanding the folly and madness of all the fchemes of the ministry concerning this war, the prime minister in the House of Commons had the effrontery to declare, “that events had turned out very differ. ently from what he had reason to expe&t." It is not easy to say what idea fome men have of providence, but if this minister actually believes that tliere is a die vine providence, he could have no reason to believe that things would fall out otherwise than they have happened ; for among all the reasons assigned for this unjust and unrighteous war, there is not one that any fober man could satisfy his conscience with, or declare was worthy of the blood of one single fubject.

As the ministry now on account of neceflity, began to think of terms of reconciliation with the colonies, a great part of the public debates of parliament, and disputes through she nation, were employed on that


fubject. The bill iiself, and the commiffioners appointed to manage the negociation did not promise fair for a reconciliation ;-chey were all the meanest, creatures of the court, and of the ministry that were, appointed to this commillion : and tbough in their own esteem and that of their friends, they were considered great men, yet no particular action of their whole lives had fo distinguilhed them as to give a sancs, tion to their appointment. The whole of this proceeding was considered by wise men rather as a mis nisterial farce, than a real intention of reconciliation with the colonies. It was easily forseen what would be the issue of this comic opera, both from the sea fon in which it was proposed to be acted, as well as from the wisdom of the managers, and the abilities of the actors on the fide of Great Britain, A treaty was already concluded between France and America, which was not likely to be disannullerl: by the cona gress for the fake of pleasing a ministry that had wantonly and cruelly shed the blood of their best and near: est friends and relations. Nor were they likely to break their faith and their first public treaty with a new ally, and so expose their infidelity to all the world, for the advantage of a parent state, that had behaved as a barbarous and cruel step-mother. And suppose there had been no such obstacles in the way, was it probable that they would listen to any terms from the present ministry or their agents. The whole of this political farce was considered as only a scheme to walio a little money upon a needy nobleman and other twa ministerial favourites. One of which had for some time gained the confidence of the people by acting the hypocrite, and had been in training by the mover of the puppers for same years, and was judged worthy to


act a part in this new comedy. The whole of the proceedings at home concerning this conciliatory bill, convinced all parties before the commissioners departe ed what would be the success of their commiffion.

While matters were agitated at home according to the different humours and dispositions of party, a fort of key to the commissioners with respect to their suc. cess, was sent through the medium of General Bur. goyne to the Earl of Thanet, by General Gates, one of the commanding officers' in the American service. This conquering General declares his concern at the unhappy rupture between the mother country and the colonies, and says that he could not help feeling for the misfortunes brought upon his native country by the wickedness of that administration who began and had continued that unjust, impolitic, cruel, and unnatural war. He states, that the dismembering of the empire, the loss of commerce, of power and confequence amongst the nations, with the downfall of public credit, are but the beginnings of those evils which must inevitably be followed by a thousand more, unless timely prevented by some lenient hand, fome fate physician, with the firmness, integrity, and the abilities of a Chatham, joined to the wisdom, vir. tue, and justice of a Cambden. Such a man, he observed, aided by persons as independent in their for. tunes as unsullied in their honours, and who never bowed their heads to Baal, right yet save the sinking state. "But that great object could only be obtained, he added, by confirming that independency, which the people of the continent of America were determined only to part with along with their lives. Such à minister, he said, would do as all other wise states. men had done before him. He would be true to the


interests and welfare of his country, and by rescinding the resolutions paffed to support that system which no power on earth can establish, he will endeavour to reitore so much of the empire in prosperity and honour as the circumstances of the times and the mal-admini, ftration of those who ruled before him, have left to his government. The United States of America were, he said, willing to be the friends, but would never submit to be the flaves of the parent state. They are, faid he, by consanguinity, by commerce, by language, and by affections, which naturally spring from these, more attached to England than to any other country under the fun. Therefore, added he, spurn not the blessing that yet remains. Instantly withdraw your fleets and armies, cultivate the friendship and com, merce of America. Thus and thus only can England hope to be great and happy. Seck that in a commercial alliance ; seek it ere it be too late, for there only you must expect to find it. These were hints which the ministry might have profited by, had not the things that belonged to their own, and the nations peace been hid from their eyes,

After there hints, and others of the like kind thaç had been frequently given by the greatest authority in America, it was altogether vain to fend commiffioners with any other powers than what had an immediate relation to grant fully and freely those leading objects of this great contest. The commissioners were far from men of either the character or capacity of a Chatham or a Cambden, and the ministry were fac from granting such powers as were necessary to ac. complifh a reconciliation. This letter which was in. tended as a friendly hint to Great Britain, was not allowed to be read in the house where it was commu.


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