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whom it was made, and difgraceful as well as calami. tous to the country from whom it is required. And: we think proper to declare, that in this fpirit and fen, timent we have regularly written from the continent to Great Britain.

It will now become the colonies, regularly to call to mind their own folemn appeals to heaven in the beginning of the contest, that they took arms only for the redress of grievanceș, and that it would be their wish, as well as their interest to remain forever connected with Great Britain, We again ask them whether all their grievances real or fupposed, have not been amply and fully redreffed ; and we infift that the offers we have made leave nothing to be wished in point either of immediate or permanent security ; if those offers are now rejected, we withdraw from the exercise of a commiflion with which we have in vain been honoured ; the same liberality will no longer be due from Great Britain, nor can it either in justice or policy be expected from her.

In fine, and for the further manifestation, as well of the disposition we bear, as of the gracious and generous purposes of the commiffion under which we ad, made and passed the last session of parliament, intituled, an act to enable his majesty to appoint com. pislioners with sufficient powers to treat, conduct, and agree upon the means of quieting the disorders now fublisting in certain colonies, plantations, and provinces, in North America, having been pleased to au. thorize and empower us to grant a pardor or pardons, to any number or description of persons, within the colonies plantations and provinces of New Hampshire, Masachusett's Bay, Rhode Illand, Conpecticut, New York, New- Jersey, Peppfylvania, the three lower

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Counties on the Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. And whereas the good, effects of the said authority and powers, towards the people at large, would liave long since taken place, if a due use had been made of our first communications and overtures; and have thus far been frustrated only by the precipitate reso. lution of the members of the Congrefs not to treatwith us, and by declining to consult with their con. stiruents, we now in making our appeal to those con. ftituents, and to the free inhabitants of the continent in general, have determiņed to give them what in out opinion, should have been the first object of those who appeared to have taken the management of their interests, and adopt this mode of carrying the said authorities and powers into execution. We accord. ingly hereby grant and proclaim, a pardon or pardons, of all and all manner of treasons or misprison of trea. sons, by any person or persons, or by any member or description of persons within the faid colonies, planțations or provinces, counciled, commanded, acted or done, on or before the date of this manifesto and proclamation. And we further declare and proclaim, that it any person or persons, or any number or description of persons, within the said colonjes, plantations, and provinces, now actually serving, either in a military or civil capacity, in this rebellion, shall at any time, during the continuance of this manifesto, and proclamation, withdraw himself or themselves, from such civilor military service, and fhall continue thence. forth peaceably as a good and faithful subject or fubjeets, to his Majesty, to demean himself or themselves, such person or perfons, or such number or description of persons, shall become and be fully intitled to, and;

hereby

hereby obtain all the benefits of the pardon or pardons hereby granted ; excepting only from the said pardon or pardons, every person, and every number and descriptions of persons, who after the date of this manifesto and proclamation, that under the pretext · of authority, as judges, jurymen, ministers, or officers of civil justice, be instrumental in executing, and putuing to death any of his Majesty's subjects within the * said colonies, plantations, and provinces.

And we think proper further to declare, that nothing herein contained is meant, or shall be construed, 20 fet at liberty any person or persons, now being prisoner or prisoners, or who during the continuance of this rebellion shall become a prisoner or prisoners. And we offer to the colonies at large or separately, a general or separate peace ; with the revival of their ancient government, fecured against any future in. fringements, and protected for ever from taxation by Great Britain. And with respect to such further re. gulations, whether civil, military, or commercial, as they may with to be framed and established, we promise all the concurrence and aslistance, that his Majesty's commission authorizes and enables us to give. And we further declare, that this manifesto and proclamation shall continue and be in full force farty days from the date hereof, that is to say, from the third day of O&tober, to the eleventh day of No: vember, both inclusive,

And in order that the whole contents of this manis festo and proclamation may be more fully known, we Thall direct copies thereof both in the English and the German languages to be transmitted byflags of truce to the Congress, the general assemblies or conventions of the colonies, plantations, and prorinces, and to seve

ral

ral perfons both in civil and military capacities within the said colonies. And for further security in times to come, of the several persons, or members or den scriptions of persons, who are, or may be, the objects of this manifesto or proclamation, we have set our hands and feals to thirteen copies thereof, and have transmitted the fame to the thirteen colonies, plantations, and provinces abovementioned, and we are willing to hope, that the whole of this manifesto and proclamation will be fairly and freely published, and circulated, for the immediate general and serious consideration, and benefit of all his Majesty's subjects on this continent. And we earnestly exhort all perfons who by this instrument forth with receive the benifit of the King's pardon, at the fame time that they retain a becoming feuse of those lenient and affection. ate meafures, whereby they are now freed from many grievous charges which might have risen in judgment, or might have been brought in question against them, to make a wise improvement of the ftuation in which this manifesto and proclamation places them; and not only to recolle&t that a perseverance in the present rebellion or any adherence to the treasonable connection attempted to be framed with a foreign power, will after the present grace extended, be considered as crimes of the most aggravated kind; but to vie with each other in-eager and cordial endeavours to fecure their own peace, and promote the establishment, and prosperity of their country, and the general weal of the empire. And pursuant to his Majesty's commission, we hereby require all officers civil and military, and all others his Majesty'sloving fubjets what. ever, to be aiding and affisting unto us in the execu. tion of this manifefto and proclamacion, and of all the

matters

matters herein contained.” Given at New.York, this third day of October, 1738.

This manifesto was signed by the commissioners and published as far as poslible among the colonists. Mr Drayton, one of the delegates for South Carolina, made a large and severe answer to it, where all the arguments of the Commiflioners were treated in a very masterly and animated manner, which plainly thewed, that whatever excellencies the British Commissioners might have in other respects, they were inferior in the exercise and management of argument and literary composition, to this single combatant who had now engaged them. The technical law terms, and formal phrases of this manifesto, were matter of mere laughter to the American literati ; and in short the proclamation was handled in such a manner, that the whole intended effect thereof was rendered quite abortire. The justice of ics firit principles were absolutely denied, and the supremacy of the mother country cver the colonies since the act of independency, considered as ridiculous and absurd. Pardons and remiffions fo fully offered to those that were considered in a state of rebellion, were treated with contempt, as supposing what the colonists did not admit, that free states could be in a state of rebellion with respect to any other power. The clemency and mercy of the sovereign, was viewed in a very different light by the Americans, from what it was represented by the commissioners, and they considered all the present offers thereof as straiagems of policy to lead them into a snare. What the commissioners observed with regard 10 their lolemn appeals to Heaven, in the beginning of the contest, “ that they took arms for the redress of grievances only, and that it was then their wish as

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