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Norwithstanding all the security that was taken, the embarkation could not be regulated as could have been withed, though ten days were spent in the carrying it incò execution; many disorders and some loss happened through hafte, precipitation, and hurry. It resembled more the emigration of a nation, and the breaking up of a camp, than a simple embarkation. Fifteen hundred of the inhabitants, whose attachment to the royal caufe had rendered them obnoxious to their countrymen, incumbered the transports wit!ı their families and effects. The officers were great sufferers on this occasion; they had laid out their money upon furniture, and such other conveniences as were necessary to render their situation agreeable ; but no purchasers could be found for these effects, and it would have been extreme cruelty to many of them to have been under the necessity of leaving their whole substance behind them. The soldiers were embarrassed with continual duty, and all carriages and labourers that could be procured in the town were of course monopolized by the emigrant inhabitants.-Every person had some private concern which was sufficient to employ his time and thoughts. The fick and wounded, women and children, called for every care and attention ; and of course encreased the embaraffinent and distress. It will be easy to suppole fome part of the confusion incident to such circumstances,

The General was in a pitiable situation ; but he bore it with great fortitude, and conducted the whole with great temper and address. Some discona tents appeared, which were to be endured and allayred. Scarcity of provisions and ill success always brecil discontents in camps, and as many, Loch officers and


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foldiers, were not altogether hearty in the war, they were on that account more ready to complain. This was in some measure the case upon this occasion. The General having received no advices from England fince the preceding month of O&ober, they considered themselves in a great measure abandoned, and left to extricate' themselves as they could out of the unfortunate situation in which they were involved. Mutual discontents and jealoufies' prevailed between the army and navy; each attributing to the other the cause of some part of that uneasinefs itself felt. Difcontents are exceedingly fruitful; one generates many others in a very short space of time.... The intended voyage to Halifax was subject to circumstances of a very alat ming nature. The coast, which is at all times dangerous, was dreadfully so at this tempestuous equinoxial-season, and the multitude of ships, which amounted to 150, increased the difficulties andapprehenfion. As the highoor h-east winds now prevailed, they were also liable to be blown' off to the West Indies, without a stock of provisions in any degree sufficient to fubfist them in fuch a pallage. , And what rendered matters still more irkfome, tļiey were going to a barren miferable country, which was incapable of affording those reliefs which they so much wanted It could not escape the observation, and was highly vexing to the military, that all this dangerous voyage when compleated, was directly fo much out of their way. They were going to the northern, extremities of the continent, when their business lay in the southern, or at least about the centre.

The necessity of their present fituation left no choice of measures, and regret wasi ufeless. Upon March 17, as the rear embarked, General Washington marchcd into the town with drums beating, co



lours flying, and in all the triumph of victory. indeed it was a compleat victory for the present, seeing he had made troops that were reckoned invincible, abandon a town which they had fortified as well as they could, with all the precipitation that vsually happens in signal defeats. The evacuation of Boston which in the stile of the day was called only a change of position, was certainly a flight under as great àpprehensions of fear and destruction as ever happened to'any army.

The marks of fear and hurry were vilible in what they left behind them. They left a confiderable quantity of artillery and stores upon Bunkerhill and Boston-neck, which they had not time to carry off, througli hurry and fear ; and though they'attempted to render the cannon unserviceable, the hur. ry which than prevailed prevented that design.-They threw fome "mortars and cannon into the water, which were afterwards weighed by the people of the town. But all circumstances concur to thew what influence panic and dread had upon them in the embarkation.'

When General Washington entered the town, he was received by the remaining inhabitants, and acknowledged by the refugees, who now recovered their ancient possession with every mark of gratitude and respect that could be possibly thewn to a deliverer. The assembly of the province were not less zealous in their public' acknowledgements. His answer Was proper, modest, and Lecoming his situation. He spoke like a man that did not pusue -vain glory, but fought the welfare of his country, and maintained the natural rights of mankind. The policy of Britain had made him a rebel, but his country looked

upon him as a saviour and deliverer. What is the genu.

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ine character of the parties concerned, time and after ages will declare better than the present can do.

Thus was the long contested town of Boston at length given up, the colony of Mafsachusetts- Bay freed from a war, and left at liberty to adopt every measure which could tend to its future strength and security, It was above a week before the weather permitted the fleet to get clearly out of the harbour and road; but they were afterwards well compenfated in their paffage, their voyage to Hallifax being shorter and more happy than could have been reasonably expected. Severabships of war were left behind to protect the vessels which should arrive from England; in which they were not perfectly successful. The great extent of the bay, with its numerous creeks and in slands, and the number of finall ports that surrounded ir, afforded such opportunities to the provincial armed boats, and privateers that they took a number of those which were still in ignorance that the town had changed its masters.

Upon the British forces leaving Boston, it might 1:ave been expected, that they would have lest agarrison in Calle William to have kept the command of the harbour ; but this was not thought a safe measure. By the motions of the colonists, and particularly their taking their stations on the neighbouring islands, it was conjectured that they intended to attack CastleWilliam, the poffefion of which would have been a Taeans of shutting up the ships of war in the harbour. General Howe before he left the place blew up the fortifications to render it unferviceable for the time. It argues that he was afraid of the expedition of the provincials, that they should even take the castle beføre he gor the thips out of the harbour; this does



not say that he put much trust either in the valour of his troops, or the naval force he had in Boston larbour. Of all the defeats that have been given to the colonists since the beginning of this dismal war,

there does not appear to have been either as great signs of lurry or flight in any of them, as happened to the Buitish forces in this change of their position.

General Washington was now in possession of the capital of Massachusetts Bay ; but being ignorant of the destination of the fleet, and apprehensive of an attempt upon New York, he detached several regiments for the protection of that city, on the very day upon which he took possession of Boston. The royal army were not as yet in a situation which admitted of their undertaking any expedition.

They wanted both provisions and refreshment before they undertook any expedition of consequence. They did not, it was faid, exceed nine thoufand effective men, and were in other respects very ill provided. This army, which was three times more numerous than was thought sufficient to conquer America, was now, like the Trojans, sent to traverse the lea to seek new habitations, with a number of the inhabitants of Boston, who had carried all they could along with them, in hopes of better times. This was á mortifying blow to the schemes of the ministry, who had given out that the fight of a few grenadiers would frighten the whole colonies into'a compliance with their measures. Their invincible troops were now obliged to abandon Boston before a new raised militia, who were cowards accounted at home, that neither would nor could fight.

The estates and effects of those emigrants who accompanied General Howe to Halifax were ordered

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