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to bę fold, and the produce applied to the public service. Some who ventured to stay behind, though they knew themselves obnoxious to the present goverament, , were brought to trial as public enemies and betrayers of their country; and the estates of such as were found guilty were confiscated in the fame
But nothing occupied so much the mind of the people at Boston, or had so much attention paid to it by the province in general as the putting of that town in such a state of defence as might prevent a repetition of those evils which it lately experienced, For this purpose the greatest diligence was used in fortifying the town and harbour, fome foreign engineers were procured to superintend the works, and every inhabitant devoted two days in the week to its construction, Some have much doubted if Boston can be rendered tenable against an army, though the works may preserve it from insult. It will not be easy, however, for a fleet to aprroach it, provided Castle William is well fortified and well manned, to defend the harbour. No fleets or armies have attempted to molest that town fince General Howe's departure.
We had left Colonel Arnold before Quebec; it will be necessary to take a view of his proceedings before that city. While these things we have now related were carrying on at Boston, the blockade of Quebec was continued by Arnold under great hardthips and difficulties. Reinforcements arrived flowly, and the Canadians, who are exceedingly fickle and inconstant, were disheartened and wavering. Some have thought that the Congress were unequal in con, duct as well as resources, to the management of so many operations at the same time; and it is not to be
wondered at, if they should not be able to manage fo many things at once according to their wishes, when the government of Britain blundered fo egregiously in one leading obje&t. Whatever there was in this, it is certain that the fuccours that were fent fuffered in credible hardships in their march; which they endured with that fortitude which had hitherto distinguished the provincials in this war." On the other hand, Gen. Carleton with his ásúali vigilance, guarded against every effort of fraud, force, or surprize ; but as all fupplies were cut off from the country, the inhabitants and garrison fuffered many distreffesi
As the season approached in which“ fupplies from England were expected, the Americans grew more active in their operations. They again renewed the fiege, and erected batteries, and made several attempts by fire-ships and otherwise to burn the vefsels in the harbour. They failed in these attempts, tho' lomé of them were executed with great boldness and ina trepidity. Their troops were at one time drawn up, and scaling ladders, with every other preparation in readiness for storming the town, during the confusion which they expected the fire would have produced. -Though they had not all the success they wilhed, they however burnt a great part of the suburbs, and the remaining houses being pulled down to prevent the spreading of the flames, afforded a most seasonable relief of fuel to the town, which had for some time been exceedingly distressed for the want of that necelfary. While matters were in this situation, upon the 25th of March, a party of Canadians which had been embodied by Mr Beaujeu with a design of raifing the fiege, were encountered and easily difperfed by a detachment of the rebels. This gave spirits to
the provincials, but the effect was temporary and could not last long. Having failed in all their attempts of burning the town by bombs and hot balls, their hopes of taking it by storm failed, while these of taking it by a regular siege daily lessened. Their artillery were too small and light to do much execution against a walled town, well fortified, and though not at prefent well defended, yet it was supplied with a garrison equal to the number of the beliegers. Although considerable reinforcements arrived in the rear ote parts of the province, the various impediments of bad roads, and want of necessaries suitable to the fervice, prevented them from joining the troops engaged in the fiege, In this state of despondency, the fmallpox, the scourge and terror of the Western world, broke out, and made great ravages among them. Nor was the immediate effect with respect to life and health the worst consequences of this calamity : for that disorder being considered by the Americans as a plague, and regarded with all the horror incident to that name, the dreadful infection broke in upon every other confideration, and rendered it difficult, if not impracticable, to fustain difcipline, or preserve order. In this situation they intended to raite the Siege before the arrival of succours from England to the garrison, which were soon expected. General Wooster had gone to Montreal to make preparation neceffary for facilitating that purpose, when the Itis man of war, and two frigates which had failed from England, had forced their way through the ice, and arrived at Quebec before it was pra&ticable for the provincials to make a retreat. The unespected sight of the ships threw them inio confusion, which was heightened by the immediate effea of
cutring off all communication with their forces on the different sides of the river.
General Carleton was too well versed in military affairs to lose an opportunity of seizing the advantages which the present situation afforded. À lmall detachment of land forces which arrived with the tips of war, together with the marines, being landed with the utmost expedition, and joined to the garrison upon the 6th of May, the Governor marched immedi. ately to the provincial camp. He found every thing, , there in the greatest confusion ; they had not even covered themselves with an intrenchment, and having already begun a retreat, upon ance of the King's troops they fled, abandoning their artillery, scaling ladders, and other matters of incumbrance. The flight was so-precipitate as scarcely to admit of any execution, nor were the King's troops in
any condition for a pursuit, if prudence could even have justified the measure.
Thús Quebec was freed from a mixed fiege and blockade, after it had been invested about five months,, and Canada preserved by the fortitude and constancy of General Carleton and the garrison, which did the
From this time the provincials experienced a continued series of lofles and misfortunes in that province. The Governor shewed himself worthy of his success, by an act which immediately fucceeded it, and which does credit to his humanity.---A number of fick and wounded provincials lay scattered about and hid in woods and villages, when they were in the greatest danger of perishing under the complicated pressure of want, fear, and disease, To prevent this melancholy consequence, lie issued a proclamation, commanding the proper oficers to find
out these unhappy persons, and to afford them all necessary relief and assistance at the public expence, whilst to render the benefit compleat, and to prevent obstinacy and apprehension from marring its effect, he assured them that as soon as they were recovered, they should have their liberty to return to their respective provinces. This was truly generous as well as humane, and speaks for General Carleton more than the greatest victory could have done.
Such a noble greatness of mind must procure the efteem of his greateit enemies, and adorn his character in the view of all worthy men. It is only a great man that can perform such noble and difinterested deeds, and foar above the mean and pitiful passion of revenge and resentment.
About the end of May, several regiments from Treland, one from England, and another from General Howe, together with the Brunswick troops, arrived fucceflively in Canada, so that the whole forces in the province, when complicated, were estimated at about 13,000 men. The general rendezvous was at the Three Rivers, which lies half way between Quebec and Mount Real, and at the computed distance of about ninety miles from each. This place lies on the north side of the river St. Lawrence, and takes its name from the neighbourhood of one of the branches of a large river, whofe waters are discharged thro three mouths into that great reservior.
The provincials after their flight from Quebec continued to retreat till they arrived on the banks of the river Sorrel, which falls into the river St. Lawrence, about 140 miles from Quebec, where they joined some of their reinforcements that had not been able to proceed farther to their affistance; but they were now