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affist them, they were obliged, with great relu&ance, to give up this dangerous and fatal attempt.
Colonel Moultrie, who commanded in the fort, received great and deserved praise from his countrymen, for the courage and conduct by which he was so much distinguished in its defence. The garrison also received great applause, and a serjeant was publicly honoured with a present of a sword, from the presidenț of the Congress, for a particular act of bravery. This defence greatly raised the character of the Carolinians and the southern colonies, and taught our minifiry that the colonists in ald-quarters were in earnest. They had falsely affirmed, that the colonists in the south were not so hardy and brave as the New England ones and those in the north, and that the climate or something peculiar to these colonies, made them all naturally cowards. This was now fully refuted by an experiment which the ministry
could not help feeling in the most tender manner, though their, penfioned scribblers cominue to harp still ujin the same string, and repeat the same notes, Men who are themselves flaves either to their lusts, or to the will and pleasure of other men, have no ideas concerning those exertions, both of mind and body, with which the spirit of liberty inspires those that are poffefied with it. It is with such as it is with dishonest men, who themselves pay no regard to truth, they believe that there is no such thing as honesty in the world,
The apologies at home for this miscarriage were as inconfiftent as the attempt itself. The blame was laid upon the heat of the weather and the depth of the water, which was not foresden till the moment of action, and by this kind of apology, when they were
commending the wisdom of the officers and the brave: ry of the British troops, they were exposing them to the world as deftitute of common sense and discretion. The heat of the weather might have easily been foreseen, and the depth of the water sounded in the space of nineteen days. But the advocates for the schemes of the ministry were willing rather to publish the grorfest absurdities, than to admit that their schemes were erroneous, or that the colonists had any courage.
Before we proceed to the progress of the grand, army under General Howe, it must be observed, that during these transactions in Carolina, the continental congress took an opportunity to found the minds of the people concerning a declaration of independency, and by every possible means to prepare them for it. Upon the 15th of May they fent a sort of circular mainifefto to the several colonies, ftating the causes which rendered it, as they faid, necessary, that all authority of the crown should be totally fuppreffed, and all the powers of government taken into their own hands. As this was 'an adventerous proceeding, and new in the history of society, we will be obliged to take a view of the arguments offered by the colonists in defence of their practice, as well as of those offered hy government for their claims of legislation. To fet this matter in as clear a light as possible, we fall first take a view of the proceedings of parliament, which occasioned this manifesto, and afierwards the resolution of the congress. This shall nearly be done in the words and stile of the debates and speeches in both houses. The subje&t is copious, and though it is abridged as much as possible, yet iť fill will appear bulky to the view of many, but it will be impoflible to uuderstand the merits of this controversy without
fome particular confideration of the tranfactions ar home. To determine fairly with respect to this unhappy dispute, the springs of action must always be kept in view, and thefe we only can learn from the various proceedings and debates which were antecedent to the operations of the different fhips of war. Administration was now so closely entangled in the American war, and a system of their own devising, that there was scarcely a poffibility of overthrowing the one without overthrowing the other : and that system was so firmly supported, that nothing less than some extraordinary and violent convulfion appeared even capable of shaking its foundation. Yet notwithstanding this security, the ministry could not help feeling great uneasiness at the accounts that were daily received from the colonies during the sitting of parlia
For though opposition were not very Atrong in number, they were very quick fighted in discovering their faults, and as indefatigable in exposing them, and having effect through all their winding mazes up to their causes. Matters were now come to that pass that it was scarcely possible to put a good face on them either to the parliament or to the nation. The mi. nistry were on this occasion put to their last shifts to make things appear with any decent kind of grace to she public.
Proceedings in Parliament --A letter from New Tirk.
Petition from the Congress by Penn-Petition from NewfoundlandThe Americans declare themselves independent-Preparations for War-Lord Howe arrives at Hallifax--- Arrives at Staten IslandSends Papers to Washington-An attempt upon Long ad resolved.The Progress of the War, &c.
THE calling of a new parliament had rubbed off some ministerial incumbrances ; all
engages ments, promises, and mistakes with the old were now obliterated with one dash. But a new and heavy teckoning had already been contracted in one session, which had elapfed, of that present parliament. The restraining bills passed by the new parliament were to have affixed a seal to all the acts of its predecessors. The General diftress arising from a general punishment in the colonies, would, it was hoped, render the majority the avengers of the cause of government, and the punishers of the incorrigible. The conciliatory resolution, independent of every other thing, in its double capacity of converting and dividing, was fupposed well adapted to accomplish all that was wanted. To these was also added, an army sufficient às the fanguine opinion to look America into subjecsion, without the trouble of friking a blow. And to
crown the whole, a naval force was to be sent, which of itself would be almoft equal to accomplish the whole purpose. Time has already shewn low badly the ministry have been acquainted with the state of the Americans.
Thcfe branches of the scheme of the ministry became a subject of animadversion, and it was not an easy task for their friends to set aside the charges of misinformation, ignorance, misconception, and want of capacity, which would attend them. The questions concerning the war were exceedingly embarrassing. It was asked, since extremities were determined
upon, why was not a sufficient force sent in time to prevent or overcome all opposition? Why has a course been pursued for several years to provoke the colonies, warn them of their danger, and give them time to put themselves into the present strong state of defence ? If it now appears, said the opposers of the ministry, that five times the number are not sufficient for the service, how could the minister be so totally ignorant and misinformed as to suppose that 10,000 men could subdue America without bloodthed? Those and many other questions were put to the minister, which he could not easily answer.
To remedy the evils arising from past tardiness and inaction, it was now determined to carry on the war with a vigour that would astonish all Europe, and to employ such an army in the ensuing compaign as ne. ver before had been seen in the western world. This was alleged, besides the main and grand object, would most effeétually filence all clamours, and prevent troubles and useless enquiries. When the people were once heai tily engaged in a war, they would pot take time to recollect, much less to animadvert,