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upon the original cause of the dispute, but would in their usual manner, and from their natural disposition, carry

it on with keenness, and if gratified now and then with a brilliant stroke of success, take no further notice concerning future burthens and consequences. By this method the public opinion would be secured ; they had already hewn a decided superiority in parliament, and the efforts of the minority struggling with the general opinion, and directed against the apparent national interest, would only tend to render them every day more feeble, and deprive them of that poPularity that is the foul of opposition. This was good enough reasoning for a cabinet exercise, but the prac . tice of it was not so very easy, The Americans were now upon their guard, end provided for the worst they could do, and there were now many things to dim the brilliance of the strokes of success they had in view. As the public opinion depended upon these brilliant strokes, it was impossible to gain it before they were made, and as all they had yet

done was of a diíferent character, the public could not give them credit for any thing that was yet to come,

There was one thing which greatly fhewed the fickleness and the inconstancy of the people. The late checks which the Americans had given our troops affected the national and military pride. Many of those who had not approved of our late conduct with respect to the colonies, thought it now too late to look back, or to enquire into part causes; they now thought that government was to be supported at all events, and that they were not to hesitate at any expence or danger to preserve our dominions, and whoever was right in the beginning, the American insolence deserved shastisement at that present time. This was a method


of reasoning immoral in its nature, and destroyed every principle of truth and virtue ;--for if the Americans were right in the beginning, and we were in the wrong, it would certainly have been a laudable and jult proceeding to have confeffed our error, and to have forsaken it. But because our brethren would not depart from justice, rather than confess our faults and reform our conduct, we would pursue them to death for their insolence of being virtuous. This fers forth a number of men in a most pitisul and disadvantageous point of view, who throw justice and equity our of the question, and for the sake of a selfifh policy pursue the most iniquitious and immoral practices.We shall fee when we come to the arguments upon the principal merits of this controverly, what has been said upon this point.

The loss arising from the want of the American commerce was for some time not felt.

The prodigi. ous remittances in corn during our scarcity, which, we mut do the commercians the justice to say, they with honeily made in discharge of their debts, with the much larger than their usual fum which they were enabled to pay, from the advanced prices of oil and tobacco, and other commodities, all together occafioned a prodigious influx of money. The failing of the Nota from Spain, the armament against Algiers, and the peace between the Turks and the Ryslians, occafioned an unusual demand for goods and inanufactures of various forts, from Spain, the north of Europe, and Turkey, which keeping up a brilk circulation in trade, business and money, all contributed to the same effect. The supplying of an army and navy with provifions and necessaries of every sort, at so prodigious a distance, give employment and emolument to an infi.

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nite number of people engaged in the transport serjice, which would have been otherwise idle, and caused such a bustle of business and circulation of cath, as checked all observation of other deficiencies, and stifted all attention to future consequences. A golden harvest was not only opened to the view of contractors, but they had already enjoyed such a sliare of the fruits, as was sufficient to excite the most eager rage for its contínuance and renewal. It would be superfluous to mention tħe numberless dealers and gamblers in the lottery stocks, and other money transactions, who generally profit by all wars. These contributed for a feason to keep up the spirit of the people, and to animate them to this civil contention. This temporary How of the spirits of fome individuals of the nation could not anjinate the whole body, nor long continue to flow in the same manner in the same persons. It was no more than a sort of temporary impulse; arising from an accidental cause, which was foon likely to cease, when a consumption equal to the irregularity of the former motion of spirits in the body politic would readily happen. The American, West Indian; and African merchants, with the plantërs in the West Indies, had long foreseen, and already too deeply experienced the fatal effects of the present unhappy contest. They, with several merchants in the capital and Bristol, still wished and struggled to have matters restored to their antiene state, and reprobated all thie measures that tended to the present crisis.

A great number of the people in other places, tho less loud in their demand for peace, Itill were disfatisfied with the present' measures. In Ireland alinest

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