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But what seemed the most unfeasible conjecture in the heat of this disputation, was, that the oppofition were the cause of prutracting the war, when it was well known, that every supply which the ninistry judged neceffary, was granted according to their defire. The whole management was in their own hands, and they raised as many men, and as large sums of money as ever they had a mind. Had the nation been ever so unanimous, they could not have done more than was done, and provided wisdom and justice had been the principles of action, the supplies were abundantly fufficient. But the want of judgment and justice in planning and executing this unnatural war, was the sole cause of all our mifcarriages, from the beginning hitherto. Those who are engaged in a party, through interest, ambition, or some other base passion, may throw the blame of want of success in this war, on whom they please; but suppose it had been ever so successful, no wise or good man could, in his conscience, have determined it to be just. The crimes for which the colonilts have been so violently profecuted by war, have never been proved, by the most zealous advocates for carrying it on, deserving thereof, unless the laws of the constitution are ambulatory, and are always to be determined by the will and pleasure of the ruling powers. Reason and common sense will readily teach every imparcial enquirer that the causes of this war, were ambition in government and a defire to extend dominion beyond the ancient statutes. Whatever may be the issue and event of this unhappy contest, pofterity will conclude that the colonists have made a noble struggle for what nature and reason teach all men to revere and pursue,

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as far as they have power and ability. The wealth and power of Britain may enable her to maintain the conflict, and probably in the end make her victorious, but impartial posterity, removed far from both parties, will judge of the principles of the war, and not determine by its success. Julius Cæsar, though he was successful in destroying the Roman liberty, and established the power of the emperor above the senate and the laws, is far from being considered by poste. rity as having done an honourable and a just thing. It was his success that laid the foundation of Navery in Rome, and though the government had more of the shining tinsel of external majesty, yet it lost its antient glory and strength, which was for 800 years supported by liberty, and the virtue of its citizens. The laws established at the glorious revolution in Britain, have for ninety years made the nation flourich in peace and abundance; the justice and liberty implied in their character, and practiled by all ranks, has made her flourish, the envy and astonishment of all Europe: But if she depart froin these glorious principles, and suffer these statutes to be violated, which have so long upheld her peace and supported her glory, she will soon become the fcorn of the nations, and a reproach over all the world. It will be unwise, from a pretence of more wisdom and improvement, to remove land marks and first principles, which have been known in experience to have been fo beneficial and falutary to all ranks. Our sound and wholsome laws, made at the revolution, have exalted our fovea reign to a pitch of true glory, and the nation to dig. nity it never knew before : Under their infuence the empire has been extended, the subjects enriched

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beyond the limits of former periods, and both the crown and the legislature arrived at a dignity unknown in former times. To lose all these advantages, and facrifice them at the shrine of dominion and despotism, will fink us below all degrees of comparison, and make us in reality, less than the least of the nations. The American war, if continued, will either be the æra of liberty to them, or the æra of slavery to both them and us : this is what all good subjects will undoubtedly deprecate, and strive against, let interested men fay what they please. This contest with Ame. rica will be a period in history, which posterity will mark with an emphasis of admiration and astonishment; and ages to come will declare that there lived a race of men beyond the Atlantic that made a poble ftruggle to be free.

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END OF VOLUME SECOND

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