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of virtue in distress, which a writer in DunCOMBE's Letters says " mixed tears with a great deal of the tea, which was that morning drank in London and Westminster;" No. 525, on conjugal love; No. 537, on the dignity of human nature; No. 541, rules for pronunciation and action; and No. 554, on the improvement of genius; No. 302, the character of Emilia, claimed by Mr. DunCOMBE, was written by Dr. BROME; on the other hand, however, the annotators on the SPECTATOIL assign to him Nos. 224 and 467.*
In the GUARDIAN, only one paper, No. 37, has been discovered to be his, and in his correspondence, published in 1772, are three short letters, intended for the GUARDIAN, which are added to the present edition. The general character of all his essays is favourable; he appears to have possessed a mild and agreeable humour, some of the strokes of which are truly ADDISONIAN; and his serious papers are excellent both for matter and manner. Such was his regard for decency, that he withdrew his contributions to a volume of Miscellaneous Poems, published by STEELE, because Pope's imitation of CHAUCER's Wife of Bath was to be inserted in it.
The name of Pope has been currently repeated. among those of the authors of the SPECTATON,
* In “DUNCOMBE's Letters by several eminent Persons deceased, including the Correspondence of JOHN FLUG 11 ES, Esq.” is printed a letter by Mr. Hughes, intended for the SPECTATOR, on English Operas, vol. i. p. 61. edit. 1772. The letter signed Partheniesa, in No. 306, is claimed for HUGHES, by Mr. DUNCOMBE, who adds, that the real per son alluded to was a Miss KoTHERAM, sister to the secoud lady of the sixth Lord ErfiNGHAM, and afterwards married to the Rev. Mr. WYATT, master of Felsted School, in suck. Gent. Mag. 1780.
vet one article only, and that a very trilling one, in No. 527, a short letter with a few versos, is all that can with ecrtainty be ascribed to him. His "Messiah" was published in No. 378, and the annotatorg deduce that he wrote No. 408, from its train of thought, which is the same that occurs frequently in his works, and especially in his "Essay on Man." His contributions to the GuarDIAN are more important, and will be noticed in the Preface to that paper.
Two excellent papers on dreaming, Nos. 586 and 593, and which have been the foundation of many succcoeling essays on the same subject, con sidered in the same point of view, were written by Mr. Join Bynom, whose facctious talents were well suited to this species of composition, and whose delicate and simple humour appears so favourably in the well-known verses in No. 603, beginning “My time, () ye muses, &c." His Phoe, was the youngest of the celebrated Dr. BENTLEY's daughters, and the mother of Richt ARD ('UMBERLAND, Esq. the present well-known dramatic and miscellancous writer. The annotators ascribe to Mr. Byrom also No. 587, a paper 10 which he was certainly equal, but in this assignment they have overlooked a passage in No. 503, in which his being the author is positively denied. They are perhaps more correct in giv. ing him credit for No. 597, although even that ap
This ingenious writer, a younger son of 10WARD Brnom, of Kersal, in Lancashire, was born at Manchester, 1691. Ile was educated first in his native town, and altcrwards at Merchant-Taylor's School, in London, whence he was admitted il pensioner of Trinity College, Cambridge, under wie codebrated Mr BAKER, July 6, 1708. Ilis first productions were the papers in the SPECTATOR we have enumerated. In the same year in which they appeared, 1714, he was elected fellow of his college, but not choosing to enter into orders, he was obliged to vacate his fellowship in 1716, and went to Montpellier, where, applying himself closely to the study of physic, he acquired the appellation of Dr. Byrom.* On his return to London, he married his cousin, Miss ElizaBETH BYROM, against the consent of her father, who consequently gave her no fortune, and our author's little property having been exhausted in his travels, he engaged in teaching short-hand writing, and for some years obtained a competent subsistence by that ingenious and useful art, and taught, amongst many others, the celebrated Earl of CHESTERFIELD. His talents, however, must have been otherwise conspicuous, as, in 1724, he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society: Some time after, the family estate at Kersal devolved to him by the death of his elder brother, and relieved him from the business of teaching short hand.
He now retired to enjoy, what it appears ho was eminently qualified for, the pleasures of domestic life, and indulged his pen in a variety of poetical attempts, chiefly on religious subjects; but his lighter verses, which in mature years he despised, have generally been allowed the preference. His religion, which was strongly tinctured with Behemenism, led him to discuss subjects in verse, which perhaps no man but himself would haye clothed in that dress. His humour was, however, generally predominant, and inclines us 10 wish that he had been less attached to rhyme,
* Nichols's Select Collection of Poems, vol. vii.
a propensity which betrayed him into more than poetical freedoms with subjects beyond his province. In one of his critical dissertations in verse, he denied the existence of St. George, the patron of England, and challenged the antiquaries to consider the question. The contest between a poet and an antiquary seems very unequal, yet the late venerable Dr. Pegge accepted the challenge, and confuted the poet's hypothesis in a paper in the Archæologia.
Mr. Byrom died on the 28th of September, 1763, leaving behind him the character of a man of piety, wit, and learning. The general tenor of his life was innocent and inoffensive, and it appears that the great truths of Christianity had, from his earliest years, made a deep impression on his mind.* It is some deduction from his character, however, that he not only spent much of his time in reading the mystic writers, but even professed to understand the works of Jacob BEHMEN.
Four papers in the eighth volume of the SpecTATOR, were the production of Mr. Henry GROVE, of Taunton, a very learned and pious divine of the dissenting persuasion, who died in 1737, and of whom a very copious account is given in the Biographia. His papers are of the serious kind. Nos. 588 and 601, on self-love and benevolence; No. 626, on the force of novelty; and No. 635, on the enlargement of the powers of the mind in a future state. Of these essays the praise has been uniform. Dr. Johnson declared No. 588 to be “one of the finest pieces in the English languaget;” and No. 635, was republished by the direction of Dr. Gibson, Bishop of Lon
* Biog. Brit. new edit.
+ BOSWELL's Life of JOANSON. See also the Additions to his Life, p. 12, 2d edit. 1793.
don, along with Addison's Evidences, in a 12mo. edition, dated 1731.*
Mr. Grove's publications in his life time were very numerous, and after his death, four volumes of posthumous pieces were added to his works. His " Moral Philosophy” is a very useful book, not only on account of the manner in which he has treated the various subjects connected with morals, but as forming an index of reference to every publication that had then appeared, in which each topic had been directly or collaterally treated.
In the list of the writers of the SPECTATOR, given by STEELE in No. 555, the name of Mr. HenRY MARTYN occurs, but no part of his share can be ascertained, except the letter to the king of France, in No. 180. No. 200, on the same subject, is conjectured by the annotators to be his, and they have the same suspicion of No. 232. Some account of this gentleman is given in WARD's Lives of the Gresham Professors.t He was an excellent scholar and an able lawyer, but his infirm state of health would not permit him to attend the courts. He had a principal concern in a paper called “ The BRITISH MERchant, or Commerce Preserved,” in answer to “ The MERCATOR, or Commerce Retrieved,” written by DEFOE, in 179 numbers, from May 26, 1713, to July 20, 1714, with a view to get the treaty of commerce made with France at the peace of Utrecht ratified by parliament. The rejection of that treaty was in a great measure promoted by Mr. MARTYN's paper, and government rewarded him
* Biog Brit.
+ P. 333, after the life of his brother, EDWARD MARTYN, professor of Rhetoric, and the immediate predecessor of WARD, the biographer.