Istanbul Under Allied Occupation, 1918-1923
This study covers the socio-political, intellectual and institutional dynamics of underground resistance to the Allied occupation in Istanbul. The city was clearly not the seat of treason against the Nationalist struggle for independence, nor was collaboration with the occupiers what it was made out to be in Republican historiography. Above and beyond the international conjuncture in post-WWI Europe, factors that helped the Turkish Nationalists to succeed were: inter-Allied rivalries in the Near East that carried over to Istanbul; the British, French and Italians as major occupation forces, failing to establish a balance of strenght among themselves in their haste to promote respective national interests; the victors underestimating the defeated as they were engrossed with bureaucracy and were assailed by the influx of Russian refugees, Bolshevik propaganda, and the Turkish left.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
agent Ahmet Alemdar Allied forces Allied occupation American Anatolia Ankara April Armenian Armistice army arrested became Bolshevik Bosphorus British High Commissioner Calthorpe Cemiyeti Charpy Colonel Commission communist Constantinople d'Esperey Damad Ferid Pasha December Dergisi Dosl Efendi Enver Enver Pasha established exiled February Felah foreign Franchet French and Italian Greek Harington High Commissioners Hilmi Ibid Inter-Allied Ismail Izmir January Kara Karakol Kemalist London Lord Curzon Malta mandate March Matbaasi materiel Mehmet ment Ministry Muslim Mustafa Kemal National Nationalist Movement Nationalists November occupation of Istanbul October officers organization Osmanh Ottoman Empire Ottoman government Party peace Pera police political propaganda resistance Riza Rumbold Papers Russian refugees Ryan schools Selahattin September Sir Horace Sir Horace Rumbold Socialist soldiers Sultan supported Tarih Kurumu Basimevi Tarihimiz Tevfik Thrace Treaty of Sevres troops Turk Tarih Kurumu Turkey Turkish U.S. Records underground Vahidettin women Yayinlan Yaymlan Young Turks