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England's destiny, and the architect of her fortune.

The warrior buckles on the sword, the sailor ploughs the deep waters in England's defence, but the civilian is equally brave when honour and integrity “keep the weather of his fate," and law—not law in all its petty tyranny, but law restrained by reason is the bulwark of our country and the defender of our rights.

If historic revelation has as much truth in its composition as we are bound to believe it has, we may easily satisfy ourselves by roaming amidst its pages, and perceiving that law is the foundation, the protection, the upholding of every government, and therefore the politicians of a great nation hold a most high and sacred calling

When Jacob took refuge in Egypt, the hierarchy was established, and although the chariots of war of that age are so highly vaunted, it was at the bidding of their commanders that the men advanced to action, and these leaders received their first impressions of the necessity of marching to the combat from the Magi : Law, therefore, at this early period, asserted its power: Is there an abuse in the army, to the civilian belongs the task of considering the question, as in the late case of military punishment: the commander has one cruel, difficult rule of conduct to go by ; it is for the politician to consider how each law's severity can be softened.

At the period when Sesostris had brought Egypt to a high pitch of civilization, Europe was a barbarous chaos; and why? the men warred and strove with each other, but there

was no law,

The civilian had the hardest duty to perform when Europe began to civilize. There is a sort of brute courage in man, inclining him to fight,

according to the actual force of his corporeal power; but few had the courage to subscribe patiently to laws which render all bodily strength useless, and makes compliance a duty instead of a virtue.

A nation whose force is founded solely on its warlike propensity, would quickly fall to the ground. Peace would be a greater scourge than war; and yet a succession of the latter must, by thinning the populace, end in total


We cannot sufficiently admire the plan of our polished continental neighbours, who make every civilian a soldier in case of need, thus having a nation of soldiers.

On this point no one can deny their wisdom; and their distressing civil broils are the result, not of military disturbances, but want of honour amongst those who dictate in the council.

We are especially told in history, that


Pharamond was “a famous warrior and politi

Now it is not possible that at the period (the year of our Lord 420) the edge of the sword could have established Pharamond on his throne ; his politics awed, subdued, and conquered; for those laws which to us seem strange and barbarous, appeared in a totally different light to the untutored hearts of that period. By following closely the thread of French history from that age, we will gradually approach the epochs of more recent disturbances, and so arrive at the conclusion that our British politicians are as surely the defenders of our country as our warriors.

From the time of Clovis I (481), the French became more alive to the necessity of establishing laws; but however we may admire the regulations of the past, admire them as chefsd'ouvre for the ages in which they were instituted, the continuance of the Salic law (formed in this reign) shows us, that where it suits the French to keep up a custom, they are firm enough in their resolve. Let them turn their eyes to our country, behold now a queen is on the throne, if they can exclaim “a woman,” let them also add a just woman and a Christian. But, vide et crede,was never a Frenchman's motto. Louis Philippe bestowed a paternal embrace, and paid a great many French compliments to our Queen, but he has no inclination to abolish the Salic law, though he may think a queen a pretty ornament upon a British throne.

Passing over a great many kings, mere tools in the hands of the mayors, who at that period held the office of chief ministers, we arrive at Charlemagne, who won the proud title of Emperor of the West.

Reason governs force, the mind triumphs over the rudeness of the age, learning in its

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