Buddhist Saints in India: A Study in Buddhist Values and Orientations
The issue of saints is a difficult and complicated problem in Buddhology. In this magisterial work, Ray offers the first comprehensive examination of the figure of the Buddhist saint in a wide range of Indian Buddhist evidence. Drawing on an extensive variety of sources, Ray seeks to identify the "classical type" of the Buddhist saint, as it provides the presupposition for, and informs, the different major Buddhist saintly types and subtypes. Discussing the nature, dynamics, and history of Buddhist hagiography, he surveys the ascetic codes, conventions and traditions of Buddhist saints, and the cults both of living saints and of those who have "passed beyond." Ray traces the role of the saints in Indian Buddhist history, examining the beginnings of Buddhism and the origin of Mahayana Buddhism.
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2 Buddha 346257akyamuni as a Saint
3 Saints of the Therag257th257 and Ther299g257th257
4 Some Orthodox Saints in Buddhism
5 Saints Criticized and Condemned
6 Cults of Arhants
7 The Solitary Saint the Pratyekabuddha
8 Bodhisattva Saints of the Forest in Mah257y257na Sutras
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Ananda appears arhants ascetic attainment Bareau bhikkhus bhiksus bodhisattva Buddha Buddhaghosa Buddhist monasticism Buddhist saints chapter charisma context Conze cremation cult of saints cultic depicted Devadatta developed dharma Dharmaguptaka dhism dhutagunas disciples discussion doctrine dwelling earliest enlightenment evidence example Fa-hsien fact forest Buddhism forest renunciation forest saint hagiography Hirakawa Hsüan-tsang ideal important Indian Buddhism Kāśyapa laity Lamotte legend living magical powers Mahākāśyapa Mahāparinirvāna Sūtra Mahāsāmghika Māra meditation mentioned Milindapañha monastery monastic monks Nikāya nirvāna normative Old Skandhaka one’s original Pāli canon particularly person Pindola practice prajñā prajñāpāramitā pratyekabuddha present PTSD realization reference reflect religious remarks robe Śākyamuni samgha samsāra Sanskrit Sāriputra Sarvāstivādin Schopen seen settled monasticism six versions sixteen arhants Sn-c specific spiritual Śramana Śrāvakas story stupa stüpas suggests Sutta tathâgata teacher teaching term texts textual theme Theragāthā Theravāda Tibetan tion town-and-village tradition two-tiered model typically Upagupta Vajrayāna veneration vinaya worship