Page images
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

LIST OF

OF WRITERS

IN THE TENTH VOLUME,

*** The names of deceased contributors are marked thus f.

J.G. A..
E. H-A.
R. E. A..
W. A. J. A.
G. F. R. B

.

R. B... T. B..

[ocr errors]

.

.

.

[blocks in formation]

A. G..

.

.

+ J. G. ALGER.

R. K. D. Sir ROBERT DOUGLAS.
E. HERON ALLEN.

R. D..

ROBERT DUNLOP.
R. E. ANDERSON.

F. E.

FRANCIS ESPINASSE.
W. A. J. ARCHBOLD.

J. D. F. The Hon. J. D. FITZGERALD,
G. F. RUSSELL BARKER.

K.C.
THE REV. RONALD BAYNE. C. H. F. Pror. C. H. FIRTH, LL.D.
THOMAS BAYNE.

J. G. F.

J. G. FOTIIERINGHAM. + Prof. CECIL BENDALL.

R. G.

† RICHARD GARNETT, C.B., LL.D. + G. T. BETTANY.

J. T. G. † SIR JOHN GILBERT, F.S.A. A. C. BICKLEY.

R. T. G. R. T. GLAZEBROOK, F.R.S. † THE REV. B. H. BLACKER. E. C. K. G. PROF. E. C. K. GONNER. + G. C. BOASE.

G. G.

Gordon Goodwin.
G. S. BOULGER.

THE REV. ALEXANDER GORDON.
E.T. BRADLEY (Mrs. A. MURRAY R. E. G. R. E. GRAVES.
SMITH).

J. M. G. † J. M. GRAY.
THE REV. A. R. BUCKLAND.

E. G.,

EVERARD GREEN, F.S.A.
A. H. BULLEN.

W. A. G. † W. A. GREENHILL, M.D.
EDWIN CANNAN.

F. H. G. † F. HINDES GROOME.
+ H. MANNERS CHICHESTER. J. C. H.

J. CUTHBERT HADDEN.
J. WILLIS CLARK, LL.D.

J. A. H.

J. A. HAMILTON, K.C. + Miss A. M. CLERKE.

THE REY. THOMAS HAMILTON,
SIDNEY COLVIN, D.LITT.

D.D.
The Rev. JAMES COOPER, D.D. W. J. H-Y. W. J. HARDY, F.S.A.
† THOMPSON COOPER, F.S.A. R. H.

† ROBERT HARRISON.
W. P. COURTNEY.

W. J. H.. W. JEROME HARRISON.
JAMES CRANSTOUN, LL.D. T. F. H. T. F. HENDERSON.
CHARLES CREIGHTON, M.D.

C. H. H.. PROF. C. H. HERFORD.
† MANDELL CREIGHTON, FORMERLY T. H_N. Tuomas HODGKIN, D.C.L.
BISHOP OF LONDON.

G. J. H. † G. J. HOLYOAKE.
G. STOCKLEY CUNYER.

A. M. H.

Miss HUMPHRY.
LIONEL Cust, F.S.A.

W. H..

THE Rev. WILLIAM HUNT,
ARTHUR IRWIN DASENT.

LITT.D.
AUSTIN Dobsox, LL.D.

A. H. H..... A. H. Huth.

.

.

.

T. H..

[blocks in formation]

.

[ocr errors][merged small]
[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

.

.

.

[ocr errors]

.

[ocr errors]

.

.

.

W. H. H.... THE Rev. W. H. HUTTON, B.D. | R. L. P. ... R. L. POOLE.
H. I.
HOLCOMBE INGLEBY.

B. P.

Miss BERTHA PORTER.
A. I.
† ALEXANDER IRELAND.

R. B. P. R. B. PROSSER.
B. D. J.
B. D. JACKSON.

E. J. R. PROF. E. J. RAPSON.
H. J...
HENNY JENNER, F.S.A.

W. R-L.. † The Rev. WILLIAM REYXELL,
T. B. J.
THE Rev. T. B. JOHNSTONE.

B.D.
C. R. J.
MRS. HERBERT JONES.

J. M. R. J. M. Rigg.
G. F. J.
G. FARWELL JONES.

C. J. R. * The Rev. C. J. ROBINSON,
R. J.J.
THE REY. R. JENKIN JONES.

D.D. A. J. J.-B. A. J. JUKES-BROWNE.

W. R.

WALTER RYE. H. G. K. . H. G. KEENE, C.I.E.

L. C. S. LLOYD C. SANDERS. C. K. † CHARLES KENT.

T. S.

Thomas SECCOMBE.
C. L. K.
C. L. KINGSFORD.

R. F. S. R. FARQUHARSON SHARP.
J. K.
† JOSEPH KNIGHT, F.S.A.

W. A. S. W. A. Shaw. J. K. L. Sir John Knox LAUGHTON, R. S. THE Rev. ROBERT SINKER, D.D. D.Litt.

C. F. S. Miss FELL-SMITH. S. L.

SIDNEY LEE, LL.D., D.LITT. G. W. S. The Rev. G. W. SPROTT, D.D. A. G. L. A. G. LITTLE.

W. B. S. W. BARCLAY SQUIRE, F.S.A. W. R. LL. COL. W. R. LLUELLYN.

L. S. † SIR LESLIE STEPHEN, K.C.B. W.B. L. ... THE Rev. W. B. LOWTAER. H. M. S. PROF. H. MORSE STEPHENS. Æ. M.

ÆNEAS MACKAY,K.C., LL.D. C. W. S... C. W. SUTTON. J. A. F. M. J. A. FULLER MAITLAND.

W. C. S... W. C. SYDNEY.
E. H. M. E. H. MARSHALL.

J. T-T.. PROF. JAMES Tait.
F. T. M. Sir FRANK T. MARZIALS, C.B. H. R. T. H. R. TEDDER, F.S.A.
L. M. M. Miss MIDDLETON.

D. LL. T. D. LLEUFER THOMAS.
A. H. M. A. H. MILLAR.

E. M. T. SIR EDWARD MAUNDE THOMPSON, | Cosmo MonkhoUSE.

K.C.B., D.C.L.
A. W. M. A. W. Moore.

T. F. T. PROF. T. F. Tour.
N. M.
NORMAN MOORE, M.D.

E. V. † The Rev. CANON VENABLES. W. R. M. W. R. MORFILL.

R. H. V. COL. R. H. VETCH, C.B. J. B. M.... J. Bass MULLINGER.

W. D. W... The Rev. W. DUNDAS WALKER. A. M. ALBERT NICHOLSON.

A. W. W. A. W. WARD, LITT.D., MASTER K. N. Miss KATE NORGATE.

OF PETERHOUSE.
F. M. O'D. F. M. O'DONOGHUE, F.S.A. M. G. W. THE REV. M. G. WATKINS.
J. H. O. + THE Rev. CANON OVERTON. F. W-T.. FRANCIS WATT.
T. E. P.
T. E. PAGE.

C. W-H. CHARLES WELCH, F.S.A.
HENRY PATON.

R. W.

THE REV. PROF. ROBERT WIL-
J. F. P.
J. F. PAYNE, M.D.

LIAMS.
G. G. P. † The Rev. CANON PERRY. W. W... WARWICK WROTH, F.S.A.

O

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

C.M...

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

H. P..

[merged small][ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

a

HOW. (See Howe.]

HOWARD, CHARLES, BARON HOWARD HOWARD, ANNE, LADY (1475-1612), 1624), lord high admiral, was the eldest son

OF EFFINGHAM, EARL OF NOTTINGHAM (1536daughter of Edward IV. (See under Howard, of William, first baron Howard of Effingham Thomas, third DUKE OF NORFOLK.]

(15102-1573) [q.v.], by his second wife, MarHOWARD, BERNARD EDWARD, garet, daughter of Sir Thomas Gamage of twelfth DUKE OF NORFOLK (1765-1842), born Coity in Glamorganshire and of Margaret, at Sheffield on 21 Nov. 1765, was eldest son daughter of Sir John St.John of Bletsoe (Colof Henry Howard (1713–1787) of Glossop, LINS, v. 120). He is said to have served at sea by Juliana, second daughter of Sir William under his father during the reign of Queen Molyneux, bart., of Wellow, Nottingham- Mary. On the accession of Elizabeth he shire. His father was great-grandson of stepped at once into a prominent position at Henry Frederick, earl of Arundel (1608- court. His high birth and connections--the 1652) [q. v.] On 17 Jan. 1799 he was elected queen was his first cousin once removed—are F.R.S., and F.S.A. on 20 Feb. 1812. On 16 Dec. sufficient to account for his early advance1815 he succeeded as twelfth Duke of Nor- ment, even without the aid of a handsome folk his third cousin, Charles, eleventh duke person and courtly accomplishments(FULLER, [q. v.] Unlike his predecessors he was a Worthies of England, 1662, Surrey, p. 83). Roman catholic, but by act of parliament In 1559 he was sent as ambassador to France passed 24 June 1824, he was allowed to act to congratulate Francis II on his accession. as earl-marshal. He was made a councillor In the parliament of 1662 he represented the of the university of London in 1825, was county of Surrey, and in 1569 was general admitted to a seat in the House of Lords, of the horse, under the Earl of Warwick, in after the Roman Catholic Relief Bill of 1829, the suppression of the rebellion of the north. was nominated a privy councillor 1830, and In 1570, when the young queen of Spain was elected K.G. 1834. In parliament he went from Flanders, Howard was appointed steadily supported the Reform Bill. He died to command a strong squadron of ships of at Norfolk House, St. James's Square, Lon- war, nominally as a guard of honour for her don, on 19 March 1842, and was buried at through the English seas, but really to proArundel. A portrait by Pickersgill has been vide against the possibility of the queen's engraved by Sanders. Norfolk married, on voyage being used as the cloak of some act 23 April 1789, Elizabeth Bellasis, daughter of aggression (Camden in KENNETT, History of Henry, second earl of Fauconberg, and by of England, ii. 430; Cal. State Papers, Dom., her, whom he divorced in 1794, had one son, 29 and 31 Aug. and 2 Oct. 1570). Hakluyt Henry Charles, thirteenth duke of Norfolk adds that he 'environed the Spanish fleet in [9. v. His wife afterwards remarried Ri- most strange and warlike sort, and enforced chard, earl of Lucan, and died in 1819. them to stoop gallant and to vail their bon

[Doyle's Official Baronage ; Burke's Peerage; nets for the queen of England' (Principal Gent. Mag. 1842, i. 542.] W. A. J. A.

Navigations, vol. i. Epistle Dedicatorie ad

dressed to Howard). It is supposed that it HOWARD, CATHERINE, fifth

queen

was at this time that Howard was knighted. of Henry VIII. (See CATHERINE, d. 1542.] In the parliament of 1572 he was again

TOL, X.

B

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

knight of the shire for Surrey; an 1 on the leader, though his colleagues, and Drake death of his father, 29 Jan. 1572–3, he suc- more particularly, were allowed considerable ceeded as second Lord Howard of Effingham. license. The determination to use the fireOn 24 April 1674 he was installed a knight ships off Calais was come to in a council of of the Garter, and about the same time was war, including—besides those already named, made lord chamberlain of the household, a with the exception of Williams, who had dignity which he held till May 1585, when joined the Earl of Leicester on shore-Lord he vacated it on being appointed lord admiral Henry Seymour, Sir William Wynter (q.v.), of England in succession to Edward Fiennes and Sir Henry Palmer (q. v.); but the attack de Clinton, earl of Lincoln (q. v.], who died on the San Lorenzo, when stranded off Calais, on 16 Jan, 1684–5. In 1586 Howard was was ordered and directed by Howard in one of the commissioners appointed for the person, contrary, it would appear, to the trial of Mary Queen of Scots, and, though not opinion of his colleagues. This action was actually present at the trial, seems to have severely criticised (ct. Frot DE, xii. 416 and conducted some of the examinations in Lon- note); it was urged that the commander-indon. According to William Davison (1541?- chief should then have been, rat her, off Grave1608) [9.v.), it was due to his urgent repre- lines, where the enemy was in force. But the sentations that Elizabeth finally signed Mary's incident serves to mark the independence of death-warrant (NICOLAS, Life of Davison, pp: Howard, as well as the sense of responsibility 232, 258, 281). From Friday, 17 Nov. 1687, which tempered his courage. That the prudent till the following Tuesday night, Howard tactics adopted throughout the earlier battles entertained the queen at his house at Chelsea. were mainly Howard's, we know,on the direct Pageants were performed in her honour, and testimony of Ralegh, who highly commends in the 'running at tilt' which she witnessed him as better advised than a great many 'my Lord of Essex and my Lord of Cumber- malignant fools were that found fault with land were the chief that ran'(Philip Gawdy his demeanour. The Spaniards had an army to his father, 24 Nov., Hist. MSS. Comm. aboard them, and lie had none; they had 7th Rep. p. 520).

more ships than he had, and of higher buildIn December 1587 Howard received a ing and charging ; so that had he entangled special commission as lieutenant-general himself with those great and powerful vesand commander-in-chief of the navy and sels, he had greatly endangered this kingdom army prepared to the seas against Spain,' of England. But our admiral knew his and forthwith hoisted his flag on board the advantage and held it ; which had he not · Ark, a ship of eight hundred tons, which, done, he had not been worthy to have held having been built by Ralegh as a private his head' (History of the World, Book v. venture and afterwards sold to the queen, chap. i. sect. vi. ed. 1786, ii. 565). In the seems to have been called indifferently Ark last great battle off Gravelines the credit of Ralegh, Ark Royal, and Ark (EDWARDS, the decisive result appears to be due, in perLife of Ralegh, i. 83, 147). Howard's second haps equal proportion, to Seymour and to in command was Sir Francis Drake [q. v.], Drake. It is quite possible that they were whose greater experience of sea affairs secured carrying out a plan previously agreed on, for him a very large share of authority, but but Howard, having waited on the San Howard's official correspondence through the Lorenzo, was later in coming into action. spring, summer, and autumn of 1588-much Neither he nor his colleagues understood till of it in his own hand-shows that the re- long afterwards the fearful loss sustained by sponsibility as commander-in-chiefwas vested the Spaniards. "We have chased them in in himself alone. His council of war, which fight,' he wrote,“until this evening late, and he consulted on every question of moment, distressed them much; but their fleet conconsisted of Sir Francis Drake, Lord Thomas sisteth of mighty ships and great strength. Howard, Lord Sheffield, Sir Roger Williams, ... Their force is wonderful great and strong, Hawkyns, Frobisher, and Thomas Fenner (cf. and yet we pluck their feathers by little and his letter 19 June). When looking out for little' (Howard to Walsingham, 29 July, the approach of the Spanish fleet on 6 July, State Papers, Dom., ccxii. 64). On the Howard divided the fleet into three parts, him- return of the fleet to the southward, rast self, as commander-in-chief, after prescriptive numbers of the seamen fell sick, chiefly of usage, in mid-channel, Drake off U shant, and an infectious fever of the nature of typhus Hawkyns oft Scilly, according to their ranks (Howard to lord treasurer, 10 Aug., State as second and third in command respectively. Papers, Dom. ccxiv. 66; IIoward to queen, In the several encounters with the Spaniards IIoward to council, 22 Aug., State Papers, off Plymouth, off St. Alban's Head, and off Dom. ccxv. 40, 41), aggravated by feeding St Catherine's, Howard invariably acted as I on putrid beef and sour beer. Many of the

« PreviousContinue »