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may be seen either the Iniquity. or Ignorance of his Censurers, who, from some Expreffer fions, would make us believe, the Doctor end of every where gives us his Corrections as the desetak Original Text of the Author' ;? whereagovthe on the chief Turn of his Criticism is plainly to thew Site the World, that if Miltoni did not write as He would have him, he ought to have wrote T fo. owo 3.159 10

Bu is to rliu Sant' srii I thought proper to premiselehis Observation to the Readers, as it will thewithae che Critic bn Shakespeare is of a quite different type Kind. His genuine Text is religiou Ay adherid to, and the numerous Faults and Blemishes, purely his own, are left as they were found. Nothing is alter'd, but what by the clearest Reasoning can be proved a Corruption of the true Text; and the Alteration, a real Rehtoration of the genuine Reading. Nay, to ftri&tly have I strove to give the true Reading, tho sometimes not to the Advantage of my Author, that I have been ridiculoully çidicud for it by) Those, s' who eithere were iniquitously for turning everything to my Diladvantage; of else were totally ignorant of the true Duey of an voisi

The Science of Criticism; tas far as it affects an Editor, seems to be reduced to these three Clailes, the Emendation of corrupt Passages, theExplanation of obfcure l'and difficult ones; and an Inquiry into the Beatuties and Defects of Composition. This work

either to

Buti$1 The PREFACE. signis principally i.confin’dt to, is the two for mes Patisoi theitthere are some Specimens interspera'd ofvche datter Kind, as several of sthe Emendations were best (upported, and

feveral ofl the Difficulties beft explain'd, by taking vigtice of the Beauties and Defects of ashe Compositions peculiar to this Immortal Pocs.g But This was but occasional, and for the fake only of perfecting the two other Parcs, u which were she uproper Objects of o the Edisor's LabguraThe third lies open i for every Willing Undertakers and d fhall be bpleas'd to feeje she Employment of a masterly Pengold basalus 1 21501911! oth bus 03 boule myft necessarily.chappen, as I have forfmerly obsery do chat where the Afistance of Manuscripts is wanting go fet, an Author's

Meaning right and rescue him from shose Errors which have been transmitçed down

thaosia Series of incorrect Editions, and a idong Intervention of Time,many Pallages muft -ibe desperate, and past a Cures and their true

, therefore no fay, That, because All cannot be retriev'd, Al.ought to be left desperata? We hould new very ligtle Honestyop Wisdom, sicer play she Tyrancs with an Author's Text; ito raze, alcer, innovace, and overturn,, 41 all L Adventgres, and to the ucter Detriment cof -his Senseo and Meaning: But 19, bet for avery A referved and cautious, as to interpose no Re


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lief or Conjecture, where it manifestly labours and cries out for Assistance, seems, on the other hand, an indolent Absurdity.

But because the Art of Criticism, both by Those who cannot form a true Judgment of its Effects, nor can penetrate into its Causes, which takes in a great Number besides the Ladies;) is esteem'd only an arbitrary capricious Tyranny exercis'd on Books; I think proper to subjoin a Word or two about those Rules on which I have proceeded, and by which I have regulated myself in this Edition. By This, I flatter myself, it will appear, my Emendations are so far from being arbitrary or capricious, that They are establith'd with a very high Degree of moral Certainty.

As there are very few Pages in Shakespeare, upon which some Suspicions of Depravity do not reasonably arise; I have thought it my Duty, in the first place, by a diligent and laborious Collation to take in the Affiftances of all the older Copies.

In his Historical Plays, whenever our English Chronicles, and in his Tragedies when Greek or Roman Story, could give any Light; no Pains have been omitced to set Passages right by comparing my Author with his Originals : for, as I have frequently observed, he was a close and accurate Copier where-ever his Fable was founded on History.


vole d'intet Power

Wherc-ever the Author's Sense is clear and discoverable, (tho', perchance, low and trivial :) I have not by any Innovation tamper’d with his Text, out of an Ostentation of endeavouring to make him fpeak better than the old Copies have done... Luft

Where, thro all the former Editions, a Passage has labour'd under fat Nonsense and invincible Darkness

, if, by the Addiţion or Alteration of a Letter or two, I have refored to Him both Sense and Sentiments, such Corrections, I am persuaded, will need ng Indulgence iw, si lluin 19111 T dr ydo

And whenever I have taken a greater Latitude and Liberty in amending, I have constantly endeavoured to support my Corrections and Conjectures by parallel Passages and Authorities from himself, che furet Means fof expounding any Author ,whatsoeverid wyCette

ej tous les Commentaires, says a very learned Criticko a 1013!1o 2017

As to my Notes, (from which the common and learned Readers of our Author, 1 l hople, will derive some Pleasure; do I have endeavour'd to give them a Variety in some Rroportion to their Numbermo Where ever hinave

datan Emendacion, a Note is constantly, fubjqin d to justify, and affert

, theo Reason Auto Where I only offer a Conjecture, and do not disturb the Text, fairly set forth my Grounds for such Conjecture, and submit it -9930w

plus jure que tous

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to Judgment. Some Remarks are spent itf explaining Passages, where the Wit or depends on an obscure Point of History . 0thers

, where Allusions are 'to Divinity, Philosophy, or other Branches of Science. Some are added to Thew, where there is a Suspicion of Author having borrow'd the And tients : Others, to thew where he is rallying his Contemporaries of where

spot where He Himself is rallied by them, And thrown in, to explain an obscure ananablolete Term, Phraje, of Idea. I konce intended to have added a complete and copibus°Gloffary but as I have been importund, and" am prepar'd, to give a correct Edition of our Aus thor's POEMS, (in which many Terms 'ocI thought a Glossary to all Shakespeare's Works more proper to attend that Volume. 19011


of Pafia ges in the Pointing, where the sense' was bed tore quite loft, 1 have frequently Notes to new the 'depraud, and to prove the refermd, Pointing: a Parī of Labour in this Work which I could very willingly have {pared myself. May it not be objected, why then have you burthend us with thele Notes The Answer is obyious, and, if I miftake not , very material. Withou; fuch Notes, thefe Paffages in subsequent Editions would be li' able, thro' the Ignorance of Printers and Cor rectors, to fall into the old Confusion : Where

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