Oscan in Southern Italy and Sicily
In pre-Roman Italy and Sicily, dozens of languages and writing systems competed and interacted, and bilingualism was the norm. Using frameworks from epigraphy, archaeology and the sociolinguistics of language contact, this book explores the relationship between Greek and Oscan, two of the most widely spoken languages in the south of the peninsula. Dr McDonald undertakes a new analysis of the entire corpus of South Oscan texts written in Lucania, Bruttium and Messana, including dedications, curse tablets, laws, funerary texts and graffiti. She demonstrates that genre and domain are critical to understanding where and when Greek was used within Oscan-speaking communities, and how ancient bilinguals exploited the social meaning of their languages in their writing. This book also offers a cutting-edge example of how to build the fullest possible picture of bilingualism in fragmentary languages across the ancient world.
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Bilingualism and language contact in written texts
Alphabets epigraphy and orthography
Official inscriptions coins funerary inscriptions
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Achaean ancient Anxia bi-version bilingual borrowing bronze Bruttii Bruttium calque Campania Capua Caulonia Central Oscan century bc Chapter Clackson code-switching coin coinage context Cosilinum Crawford 2011b Crimisa Cumae curse tablets dedications epigraphic Etruscan evidence example fourth century funerary genitive genres Greek alphabet Greek-speaking Greek/Oscan guage Gualtieri Horsnaes imperative Isayev language contact Laos Latin legal language legal texts Lejeune linguistic Livy Lu 62 Buxentum Luc.Bret.Sic Lucania Lucania and Bruttium Messana Metapontum Mullen Oscan curse tablets Oscan inscriptions Oscan texts Oscan-speaking Paestum Petelia Poccetti 2009c Pompei possible Potentia 39 region Roccagloriosa Roman Rome Rossano di Vaglio Sabellian Samnites Samnium second century Sicily signs for f Social War sociolinguistics South Oscan South Oscan alphabet South Oscan curse Southern Italy spelling Strabo subjunctive suggests Tabula Bantina Teruentum Teuranus Ager third century Thurii Thurii Copia tion Tortora verb Vibo word writing written