Mapping AIDS: Visual Histories of an Enduring Epidemic
In this innovative study, Lukas Engelmann examines visual traditions in modern medical history through debates about the causes, impact and spread of AIDS. Utilising medical AIDS atlases produced between 1986 and 2008 for a global audience, Engelmann argues that these visual textbooks played a significant part in the establishment of AIDS as a medical phenomenon. However, the visualisations risked obscuring the social, cultural and political complexity of AIDS history. Photographs of patients were among the earliest responses to the mysterious syndrome, cropped and framed to deliver a visible characterisation of AIDS to a medical audience. Maps then offered an abstracted image of the regions invaded by the epidemic, while the icon of the virus aspired to capture the essence of AIDS. The epidemic's history is retold through clinical photographs, epidemiological maps and icons of HIV, asking how this devastating epidemic has come to be seen as a controllable chronic condition.
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agent AIDS atlas AIDS history AIDS’s appearance archive argued Atlas of AIDS atlases became become body Cambridge Canguilhem Cartographies causal chapter characteristic clinical photography Colour Atlas crisis cultural Dermatology diagrams distribution Donna Mildvan Douglas Crimp edition editors electron micrograph emerging entity epidemic epidemic’s epidemiological epistemic Farthing Friedman-Kien Galison Gallo genre geographical Global Health history of AIDS homosexual HTLV human Ibid icon of HIV illustration Immunodeficiency infection Infectious Diseases International Atlas Jean Cruveilhier Koch lesions London maps medical photography Medicine moulages nature Nicholas Nixon object opportunistic infections origin pandemic pathological patients patterns perception person with AIDS perspective Peter Galison Peter Haggett photographs picture of AIDS plague political portraits practices present public health published retrovirus Rheinberger risk Robert Gallo Science scientific social spatial structure symptoms syndrome syphilis tion traces transmission Treichler University Press unseen unusual viral virus viruses visible World Health Organization York