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Fal. Well, I am your theme: you have the start of me; I am dejected; I am not able to answer the Welsh flannel: ignorance itself is a plummet" o'er me: use me as you will.

Ford. Marry, sir, we'll bring you to Windsor, to one master Brook, that you have cozened of money, to whom you should have been a pander: over and above that you have suffered, I think, to repay that money will be a biting affliction.

Page. Yet be cheerful, knight: thou shalt eat a posset(2) to-night at my house; where I will desire thee to laugh at my wife, that now laughs at thee: tell her, master Slender hath married her daughter.

Mrs. Page. Doctors doubt that: if Anne Page be my daughter, she is, by this, doctor Oaius' wife.


Enter Slender.

Si.en. Whoo, ho! ho! father Page!

1'age. Son! how now? how now, son? have you despatched?

Slen. Despatched!—I'll make the best in Gloucestershire know on't; would I were hanged, la, else.

Page. Of what, son?

Slen. I came yonder at Eton to marry mistress Anne Page, and she's a great lubberly boy: if it had not been i' th' church, I would have swinged him, or he should have swinged me. If I did not think it had been Anne Page, would I might never stir, and 'tis a postmaster's boy.

Page. Upon my life then you took the wrong.

Slen. What need you tell me that? I think so, when I took a boy for a girl: if I had been married to him, for all he was in woman's apparel, I would not have had him.

Page. Why, this is your own folly. Did not I tell you, how you should know my daughter by her garments?

Slen. I went to her in white,' and cried, mum, and she cried budget, as Anne and I had appointed; "and yet it was not Anne, but a postmaster's boy.

Mrs. Page. Good George, be not angry: I knew of your purpose; turned my daughter into green ;f and, indeed, she is now with the doctor at the deanery, and there married.

Enter Gaius.

Caius. Yere is mistress Page? By gar, I am cozened; I ha' married un garcon, a boy; un

(*) Old text, green. (t) Old text, white.


» Ignorance ilielf it a plummet o'er me:] Farmer conjectured that plummet was a misprint for planet; but the following passage, in Shirley's "Love in a Maze," Act IV, Sc. 2, supports the old reading:—

"Yongrave, how is't, man? what! art melancholy!

paisan, by gar, a boy; it is not Anne Page: by

gar, I am cozened.

Mrs. Page. Why, did you take her in green ?* Caius. Ay, be gar, and 'tis a boy: be gar, I'll

raise all Windsor. [Exit Caius.

Ford. This is strange: who hath got the right


Page. My heart misgives me: here comes master Fenton.

Enter Fenton and Anne.

How now, master Fenton?

Anne. Pardon, good father! good my mother, pardon!

Page. Now, mistress! how chance you went not with Master Slender?

Mrs. Page. Why went you not with master doctor, maid?

Fent. You do amazes her: hear the truth of it. You would have married her most shamefully, Where there was no proportion held in love. The truth is, she and I, long since contracted, Are now so sure, that nothing can dissolve us. The offence is holy, that she hath committed: And this deceit loses the name of craft, Of disobedience, or unduteous title; c Since therein she doth cvitatc and shun A thousand irreligious cursed hours, Which forced marriage would have brought upon her.

FonD. Stand not amaz'd: here is no remedy :— In love, the heavens themselves do guide the state; Money buys lands, aud wives are sold by fate.

Fal. I am glad, though you have ta'en a special stand (3) to strike at me, that your arrow hath glanced.

Page. Well, what remedy ?W Fenton, heaven

give thee joy! What cannot be csehew'd, must be embrae'd. Fal. When night-dogs run, all sorts of deer

are chas'd.

Mrs. Page. Well, I will muse no further: — master Fenton, Heaven give you many, many merry days !— Good husband, let us every one go home, And laugh this sport o'er by a country fire; Sir John and all.

Ford. Let it be so.—Sir John,

To Master Brook you yet shall hold your word; For he, to-night, shall lie with mistress Ford.


(*) Old text, while.

What hath hung vlummets on thy nimble soul,
What sleepy rod hath charm'd thy mounting spirit?"

b Amaze her:] Confound her by these questions, c Unduteous title;] Mr. Collier's annotator reads, very spsciously, "undutjjus guile."



(1) SCENE I.—Sir Hugh.] The title of Sir was probably at one time applied to priests and curates without distinction, but subsequently became appropriated only to the inferior clergy, such as are called Rtadtrs. It was no more than the translation of Domino, the academical distinction of a Bachelor of Arts. Fuller, in his Church History, says, there were formerly more Sir, than Knights in England, and adds, "Such priests as have the addition of Sir before their Christian name, were men not graduated in the university, being in orders, but not in degrees, whilst others entituled Masters had commenced in the arts."

(2) Scene I.—/ irill make a Star-chamber matter of it.] The Court of Star Chamber, as it was familiarly called from the sitting being hold en la chambre des estovers, was the King's Council, the nature and extent of whose jurisdiction, even so early as the reign of Henry VII. when it was remodelled, were sufficiently extraordinary. The preamble of the Act relating to this Court, which was passed in the third of his reign, sets forth, that "the King, remembering how by unlawful maintenances, giving of liveries, signs and tokens, and retaining by indentures, promises, oaths, writings or otherwise, embraceries of his subjects, untrue demeanings of Sheriffs, in making of pannels and other untrue returns, by taking of money by juries, bv great riots and unlawful assemblies, the policy and good rale of this realm is almost subdued :" &c, &c, "whereby the laws of the land in execution may take little effect, to the increase of murders, robberies^ perjuries and unsureties of all men living," &c. For the reformation of which, it was now ordained that the chancellor, treasurer, and privy seal, or two of them, calling to them a bishop and a temporal lord, being of the Council, and the two Chief Justices, or in their absence, two other justices upon bill of information put to the Chancellor for the King, or any other, against any person for any misbehaviour above mentioned, have authority to call before them by writ or privy-seal, the offenders and others as it shall seem fit, by whom the truth may be known, and to examine and punish, after the form and effect of statutes thereof made, in like manner, a ■ "Joy ought to be punished, if they were convict after the due order of the law.

A tribunal, paramount as this, whose proceedings were summary, and whose punishments, though professedly in accordance with the laws, were administered with much more promptitude than those of the ordinary courts, soon acquired under the Tudors a formidable and dangerous authority,—an authority, as we know from history, which at length became tremendous, and ultimately led to its final abolition in the reign of Charles I.

The ridicule in the play is the making the vain and imbecile old Justice suppose his petty squabble with Falstaff of sufficient importance to be adjudicated by such a Court.

(3) Scene I.—The luce is the fresh fish; the salt fish is an old coat.] Much has been written upon this perplexing passage to little purpose. It still remains, as Mr. Knight terms it, "an "heraldic puzzle." There is, unquestionably, an allusion to the arms of Shakespeare's

old foe, Sir Thomas Lucy, and it is eonjecturable that the "dozen white luces," which were borne by one branch of the Lucy family, may have implied the salt- water oik', and have been an older scutcheon than the " three lueie* hauriant" of the Warwickshire branch.

(4) SCENE I.—I heard say, he was outrun on Cetsale.) The Cotswold hills in Gloucestershire, a large tract of fir.* turfed downs, were among the places famous in times of yore for rural games; but the sports here and elsewhere appear to have declined during the latter part of the siiteenth century, owing perhaps, to the rigorous puritanical crusade carried on against all popular diversions. Abom the end of Elizabeth s reign, or, as some say, at the beginning of her successor's, they were revived, however, with increased spirit, through the exertions of Mr. Robert Dover, an attorney of Barton-on-the-Hoath in AVarsrielshim, who instituted an annual celebration of rustic amusements, which he conducted in person; consisting of wrestling, leaping, pitching the bar, managing the pike, dancing and coursing the hare with greyhounds.

(5) SCENE I.—/ have seen Sarkerson loose. tventtr tieus.] Sackerson, so named in all likelihood after his keeper, was a famous bear belonging to the Paris bear-baiting Gardes on the Bankside; and the allusions to him and Uarr* Hunks and George Stone, two contemporary beasts of prowess, by the old writers, sufficiently attest the popularity of this savage sport in former time :—

"Publius, a student of the common law,
To Paris-gardes doth himselt withdraw ; —
Leaving old Ployden. Dyer and Broke alone,
To see old Hurry Hvnkcs and Sacarson."

Epigrams by Sir John Davies

"lie be swome they tooke away a mnstie dogge of mix* by commission. Now I think on't. makes my teares stared in my eyes with grief. I had rather lost the dearest friend that ever I lay withal in my life. Be this light, never stir if hee fought not with great Sekerson foure hours to one, foremoste take up hindmoste, and tooke so many Ioatw from him, that hee sterv'd him presently. So, at last, the dogg good doe no more then a beare cood, and the bears being heavie with hunger you know, fell uppon the dog- broke his backe, and the dogge never stird moms" — Gyles Goosecappe Knight, a Comedie presented by the Chil. of the Chappell, 1606.

(6) Scene IV.—A Cain-coloured beard.) In the oM tapestries and pictures, Cain and Judas were represent^ with yellowisn-red beards. A conceit very frequently alluded to in early books :—

"And let their beards be of Judas his own colour."*.

The Spanish Trftdr.

Again, in "The Insatiate Countess," by Marston :— 11 I ever thought by his red beard he would prove a Judas.' ACT

(1) Scene I.—The tune of Green sleeves.] "Green Sleeves, or Which nobody can deny*' we gather from Mr. Chappell's learned and entertaining account of our early National Music, "has been a favourite tune from the time of Elizabeth to the present day; and is still frequently to be heard in the streets of London to songs with the wellknown burden, 'Which nobody can deny.'" Mr. Chappell, indeed, carries its antiquity still higher, and thinks it was sung in the roign of Henry VIII. The earliest words to the air known to us, however, do not date farther back than 15S0; in which year "A new northen diftye of the Lady green? slrcvcs" was licensed to Richard Jones by the Stationers* Company. This song, which evidently attained an uncommon share of popular favour even in that age of universal ballatry, was reprinted, four years jJ'ter, by the same printer in tho poetical miscellany entitled,—"A Hand*full of Pleasant V elites; containing suit' ilrie new Soiuts and dtlecialde Histories in divers kindes of meeter. Xewly devised to the newest tunes, Uuit are now in use to be sung: everie so net order lie pointed to his frroper tune. With new atlditions of certain songs, to verie late devised notes, not commonly tnowen, nor used heretofore. By Clement Robinson: and divers others. At London, printed by Ricluxrd I hones: dwelling at tlte sigae of t/te Rose and Crowne, near Hotborne Bridge. 1584."

(2) SCKNE I.—The humour of it, quoth 'a! herefs a fellow frtfjfUs humour out of his wit*.] lien Jonson, the best delineator of that species of affectation, so fashionable in his time, called humours, has pointed out, with his usual force and discrimination, the difference between the real and pseudo-humourist. Between those who by a natural bias of mind were led into singularity of thought and action, and those who, with no pretensions to originality, endeavoured to establish a reputation for it by ridiculous eccentricities in manners or apparel:—

"As when some one peculiar quality
Doih so possess a man, that it doth draw
All his affectH, his spirits, and hi* powers,
In their conductions, all to run one way,
This may be truly said to be a Humour.
But that a rook, by wearing a pyed feather,
The cable hat-t:and, or the three-piled ruff,
A yard of shoc-tye, or the Switzer's knot
On his French garters, should affect a Humour!
O, it is more than mo»t ridiculous!"

"Every man out of his Humour/'Gilford's Ben J onion, v. II. p. 16.

(3) Scene I.—The priest o* th' town.] Tho following hexameters may be seen in black letter over an ancient doorway in North gate-street, Gloucester:—

"En ruinosa domus quondam quam tunc renovavit,
Monachal urbanut O»borne John rite vocatua."


(1) Scene II.—To your matwr of Pictthatch, go.] This notorious haunt of profligacy, so called from the spiked half-door, or hatch, the usual denotement of houses of illfame formerly, was a collection of tenements situated near the end of Old Street and tho garden of tho Charterhouse in Goswell Street. The allusions to it and to similar colonies of depraved characters, in Whitefriars, Lambeth Marsh, and Turnmitl Strett, are innumerable in our old out-spoken writers; but two or three examples will bo sufficient, for tho subject and the references are alike unsavoury :—


"Shift here, in towne, not meanest amongst aquirea.
That haunt Pickt-hatch, Mertih-Lambelh ami White-fryer's
Keepes himselfe, with halfe a man, and defrayes
The charge of state, with this charnie, God payes."

Bun JoNBON'a Epigrams, No. XII

"Sometimes Bhining in Lady-like resplendent briglitnesse with admiration, and suddenly againe eclipsed with the pitchy and tenebrous clouds of contempt and deserved defamation. Sometimes at the Full at Pickt-hatch, and sometimes in the Wane at Bridewell."Taylor, tho Water Poet, fol., 1630, p. 95.

(5)'Scene II.—One master Brook below would fain speak with you, and be acquainted with t/ou; aud hath sent your worship a morning's draught of sack.] The custom of taking a '' morning draught" of ale, beer, wine, or spirits, prevailed long before our author's time; and that of making acquaintance, in the manner indicated by the text, was nearly coeval. Speaking of the former habit, Dr. Venner, Via Recta ad Vitani Longam, 1637, says:— '' The custome of drinking in the mornings fasting, a large draught of white wine, or of bcere, hath almost with all men so farre prevailed, as that thoy judge it a principall means for the preservation of their health; where as in very deed, it is, being without respect had of the state or constitution of the body, inconsiderably used, the occasion of much hurt and discommoding." Of the latter practice there is a pleasant illustration in an anecdote told of Ben Jonson and Dr. Corbet:—" Ben Jonson was at a tavern, and in comes Bishop Corbet (but not so then) into the noxt room. Ben Jonson calls for a quart of raw wine and gives it to tho tapster. 'Sirrah,' says he, 'carry this to the gentloman in the next chamber, and tell him, I sacrifice my service to him.' The fellow did, and in these words, 'Friend,' says Dr. Corbet, 'I thank him for his love: but pr'ythee tell him from me that he is mistaken; for sacrifices are always burnt.'"—Merry Passages and Jeasts, Harl. MSS. 6395.


(1) Scene I.—

To shallow rivers, to whose falls
Melodiouspirds sing madrigals.]

This couplet, slightly varied by Sir Hugh's trepidation,
is from a charming little pastoral once thought to be
Shakespeare's, and as such inserted in his "Passionate
Pilgrim," but which, in "England's Helicon," and by

Isaac Walton in his "Complete Angler," is attributed to Marlowe. In both these works, it is accompanied by " Tho Nymph's Keply," asserted to 1 e by Wr Walter Kalcigh. Though repeatedly quoted, and familiar to every one acquainted with our early poesy, we should be held inexcusable for omitting Kit Marlowe's "smooth song;" "old-fashioned poetry," indeed, as Walton calls it, "but choicely good:"—

"The Passionate Shepheabd To His Love.

Come live with me, and be my love,
And we will all the pleasures prove,
1 hut vallies. groves, hills, and fields,
Woods, or steepie mountaines yeelds.

And we will sit upon the roclces.
Seeing the Shepheards feede their llockes,
By shallow riuers, to whose falls
Melodious birds sing madrigalls.

And I wilt make thee beds of roses,
And a thousand fragrant poesies,
A cap of flowers and a kirtle
Iinbroydered all with leaues of mirtle:

A gowne made of the finest wooll
Which from our pretty lambs we pull:
Faire lined slippers for the colli,
With buckles of the purest gold:

A belt of straw, and ivie buds,
With corall clasps and amber studs,
And if these pleasures may thee move,
Come live with me and be my love.

The Shepheard awaines shall dance and sing
For thy delights each May-morning;
If these delights thy mind may move,
Then live with me, anil be my love."

(2) ScEXE III.—The ship-tire, the tire-valiant, or any tire of Venetian admittance.] By the ship-tire was, perunderstood some fanciful head-dress, with orna

ments of glass or jovvullcry fashioned to resemble a ship :— "The attyre of her head was in formo of two little ships, made of emeraulds, with all the shrouds and tackling of cloere sapphyres."—"Diana" of (Jeorgt of Afontemeyor, 1598. Or it may have been an open kind of head-dress with ribbons streaming from it like the pennons of a ship. The tire-valiant was another of the innumerable "newfangled tires," as Burton calls them, which an overweening love of dress had imported from abroad, and of which tho form is lost, and not worth seeking.

Both were, no doubt, of "Venetian admittance," or fashion, as the coiffures of that nation were all the mode at the end of the sixteenth, anil beginning of the seventeenth century:—"Let her have the Spanish gait, the Venetian tire, Italian complements and endowments."— Burton's A n atomy of Mdancholy, 1624.

(3) Scene III.—Fortune thy foe.] It is not, perhaps, quite certain that the ballad, of which the first and second stanzas are subjoined, is the original Fortune mv Foe that FalstafF had in mind, though there is strong reason, from the fact of the opening verse being quoted in Lilly's "Maydes Metamorphosis," ltSOO, for believing it to be tho authentic version. Of the tune, which will be foun*l, with much interesting matter connected with it, in Mr. ChappelTs "Popular Music of the Olden Time.'* vol. i. p. lt>'2, there can bo no doubt. It had the good or evil fortune to be selected as an appropriate chaunt for the dismal effusions attributed to condemned criminals, and for tho relation of murders, fires, judgments, and calamities of all kinds; and hence, for more than two hundred years, it maintained a popularity almost unexampled. Fortune my Foe is alluded to again by Shakespeare, in "Henry V." Act III. Sc. t\ and is mentioned by Lodge, i'hettle, Ben Jonson, Beaumont and Fletcher, Shirley, and a host of other writers.

"A sweet Sonnet, wherein the Lover exclaimeth against Fortune for the loss of hi.* Ladies Favour, almost past hope to yet it again, «£v.\ <i'<\ The Tune in Fortune, my For. Tiif. Lovi n's Complaint For The Loss Of His L Vi.

Fortune my Foe why dost thoxi froun on me!

And will thy favours never better be?

Wilt tiiou I say for ever breed my pain.

And wilt thou not restore my joys again?

Fortune hath wrought my grief and great annoy,

Fortune hath falsty stoln my Love awav.

My love my joy, whose sight did mak? me i*lad.

Such great misfortunes never young man had.*"


(1) Scene I.—I pray you, ask him some questions in his accidence.] The particular work here referred to is the old English introduction to Latin Grammar called "Lily's Accidence." One of the efforts of Henry VIII. and Edward VI. for tho advancement of learning, was an endeavour to establish an uniformity of books for teaching Latin, In 1541, in tho prohemo to "The Castel of Helthe," Sir Thoraa* Elyot says that the king had "not himsolfo disdained to bo the chicfe authour and setter forthe of an Introduction into Grammar, for the childerno of his loving subjectes." This was the famous "Introduction of the Eyght Partes of Spoche, and tho Construction of the same," usually known as "Lily's Accidence," but really composod by Dean Colot for his school at St. Paul's, in the years 1510 and 1513. The whole collection of tract* forming this Grammar,—written by Colct, Erasmus, Lily, Robertson, and Bitwise,—had appeared either in London or abroad, before they received the Royal sanction; but in 1542 they were printed entire as having been "compiled and set forth by tho commandement of our most gracious soverayne lorde the King." After tho death of Henry VIII. his son continued the royal patronage to "Lily's Grammar," which then became known as " King Edward's Grammar ;" "Edvardus" being inserted as the example of proper names in the English, as those of "Henrietta** and "Anglta" wore in the Latin Institution. This was tho book taught by authority at the public schools down even to tho first half of the seventeenth century, the Accidence mentioned in the text, and the identical source whence Shakespeare himself acquired the elements of Latin. In '' Twelfth

Night," Act II. Sc. 3, Sir Toby Belch refers familiarly, as having learned it in his own youth, to the example given in tho First Concord, of the infinitive mood being the nominative case to a verb,—"Dttuculo snrgert—thou know'st,—■" The clown in the same comedy. Act V. Sc 1, misquotes, or perverts, the nouns of number requiring a genitive case, "Prima, secando, tertio, is a good rJav:"' and Benedick, in "Much Ado about Nothing." Act lV. Sc. 1, takes an illustration from another part of the Accidence, when he says, "How now! intcrjoctiona \ why, then, somo be of laughing, as, ha! ha! he!" In tht? examination of William Page, Sir Hugh inquires, "What is he, William, that does lend Articles?" And to this the child replies in the very words of the Accidence, "Articles are borrowed of the pronoun; and be thus declined." Even in the difference between the t?aoher and the pupil, the rules of the Introduction are to be traced; for when young Page says, "0, vocativo O," he repeat* the sense of the definition, "the vocative case is known by calling or speaking to, as 0 magi-ster;" whilst Sir Hugh follows the declension of the article, and rightly says, "vocativo caret."

(2) Scene II.—A muffler,] The muffler, a contrivance adopted by women to conceal a portion of their face, consisted usually of a linen bandage which covered the mouth and chin. Douce states that " it was enacted by a Scottish statute in 1547, that 'na woman cum to kirk, nor merest, with her face mussaled or covered that seho may not be kend.'"

(3) Scene II.—We ritth of Brentford.] The "wisewoman of Brentford" was an actual personage, the fame of whose vaticinations must have been traditionally well known to an audience of the time, although the records we possess of her are scant enough. The chief of them i^ a black letter tract, printed by William Copland in the middle of the sixteenth century, entitled, "Jyl of Brain tford's Testament," from which it appears she was hostess of a tavern at Brentford. She is mentioned also in '* Westward Hoe !"—"I doubt that old bag. Gillian of Brentford, has bewitched me."

(4) SCENE V.—There is three covzin Germans, that ha* f&zeked all the host* of Readings, of MaidenJitad, of Coleproof:, oj horst* and Wd«ci/.] In the preliminary notice of this play we mentioned an ingenious hypothesis of Mr. Knight in his "Pictorial Shakspere," that the deception practised upon mine Uotl tie Jarterre pointed to some incidents connected with a visit made to Windsor, in 1592, by the Duke of Wurtemberg. The Duke, it appears, was known liere as " Count Mornheliard," (query, "Mumpelgard") of which title both Mr. Knight and Mr. II alii well conceive the expression "ensen gnrmombles" in the quarto, to be a jocular corruption. "This nobleman visited Windsor, was shown 'the splendidly beautiful and royal Castle,' he 'hunted a stag for a long time over a broad ami pleasant plain, with a pack or remarkably good hounds; * and. after staying some days, departed for Hampton Court.*" From these and other circumstances, not omitting that he was provided with a passport from Lord Howard, containing instructions to the authorities of towns through which he passed to furnish him with post horses, &c. ; and at the sea-side with shipping, for trhicA he ira* to pot/ nothing. Mr. Knight infers this to have been "one of those local end temporary allusions which Shakespeare seized upon to arrest the attention of his audience."

Our objections to this theory, inasmuch as the visit in 1592 is concerned, have already been mentioned in the I ntroduction; but it is far from improbable that an allusion was covertly intended to some other visit of the same nobleman. From the following interesting article br Sir Frederic Madden, we learn that the Duke of Wiirtemberg—Mumplegard was in England in 1010; and it Is not unreasonable to suppose ho might have visited us more than twice in the long interval of eighteen years.

"Among the Additional Manuscripts in the British Museum is a small thin quarto, containing the autograph diary, written in French, of Hans Jacob Wurmsser von Vendcnheym, who accompanied Louis Frederic, Duke of Wurtemberg-Mumpelgard, in his diplomatic mission to England in 1610, on the part of the united Protestant German Princes. This diary extends from 16th March to 24th July of that year, and affords brief but interesting notices of the places visited by the Duke, both in coming and returning. He embarked from Flushing (where an English garrison was stationed) on Tuesday, 12th April, and arrived at Gravesend on the following day, where he was waited on by Sir Lewis Lewkenor, Master of the Ceremonies, and the next day conveyed in the Royal barges to London, (au logis de l'Aigle noir.' On the 16th the Duke had his audience of the King, who received him sitting under a *des' of cloth of gold, accompanied by

the Queen, the Prince (Henry), the Dr<ke of York (afterwards Charles I.), the Princess (Madame Arabella Stuart), and the young Prince of Brunswick, at that time also on a visit to James. Several flays were afterwards spent in receiving and paying visits, and on the 2-lrd the Feast of St. George was kept with the usual ceremonies. On the 30th we have an entry of some interest to Shakspcarean readers—' S. K. alia au Globe, lieu ordinaire on Ton joue lea Commedies; y fut represented l'histoire rlu More de Venisc.'

We know from the evidence produced by Mr. Collier that ' Othello' appeared as early as 1602; and this entry proves that it retained its popularity in 1610. On the following day, 1st May, is another entry, of scientific interest :—

'8. E. alia au pare d'Elthon (Eltham) pour veoir hi perpefvum mobile. L'inventeur s'appelle Cornelius Trebel, nntif d'Alkmar, homme fort blond et beau, et d'une tres douce facon. tout ail contraire des espricts de lasorte. Nous y vismes aussy des Espinettes, qui jouent ri'elle mesmes.'

I have not met with any mention of this philosopher in other papers of the period; but it is certain that in 1621 he published a work in Latin, entitled * De quintessentia, et Epistola ad Jacobum Regem de perpetui mobili inventione,'

The King had previously left London (on tho 24th) to go to his hunting-box in Northamptonshire; and on the 4th of May the Duke followed him and slept at Ware, at the inn called the Stag, where, says the author of the Diary, 'Je fus couehe* dans ung lict de plume de eigne, qui avoit huict pieds de largeur.' This is, perhaps, tho earliest precise notice yet found of this famous bed, and it serves to illustrate the passage in Shakspcare's 'Twelfth Night,' Act lit. Be. 2, in which he alludes to the 'Bed of Ware.* This bed still exists, and is engraved in Shaw's 'Ancient Furniture,' where it is stated to be 10 ft. 9 in. in length, by 10 ft. 9 in. in width, and to have been made in the reign of Elizabeth.

On leaving Ware the Duko proceeded to Poyston, Cambridge, Newmarket, and Thetford, where he rejoined tho King on the 7th; and the next morning the Duke went to church with his Majesty, as it was the day 'que sa Majest<5 observe infalliblement pour estre cehiy de sa dellivrance de l'assasinat des Contes de Gaury (Cowry).' This is a remarkable passage, since other authorities give the 5th of August as the anniversary of this conspiracy. On the same day James took his guests with him to hunt the hare (his favourite amusement), and they saw a hawk seize some doterels, 'oiseau qui se laisse prendre par uno estrange maniere;' and also the trained cormorants, which, at the word of command, plunged into the water and brought up eels and other fish, which they, on a sign given, vomited up alive—'chose bien merveilleuse a, voir!' On the same day, also, arrived the news of the assassination of Henry IV. of France, which took place on the 4th May. The news, however, did not prevent the King from hunting the hare the next day ; and after dinner the whole party returned towards London, which they reached on the 10th. On the 25th the Duko of Wurtenberg left London and travelled by Rochester and Canterbury to Dover; whence, on the 20th, he embarked with his suite, and arrived safely at the port of Veer, in Zealand, on tho following day."

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