Perfectibility of Human Nature in Eastern and Western Thought, The
How perfectible is human nature as understood in Eastern and Western philosophy, psychology, and religion? Harold Coward examines some of the very different answers to this question. He poses that in Western thought, including philosophy, psychology, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, human nature is often understood as finite, flawed, and not perfectible—in religion requiring God’s grace and the afterlife to reach the goal. By contrast, Eastern thought arising in India frequently sees human nature to be perfectible and presumes that we will be reborn until we realize the goal—the various yoga psychologies, philosophies, and religions of Hinduism and Buddhism being the paths by which one may perfect oneself and realize release from rebirth. Coward uses the striking differences in the assessment of how perfectible human nature is as the comparative focus for this book.
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The Perfectibility of Human Nature in Eastern and Western Thought: The ...
Limited preview - 2008
achieve action al-Ghazali Aquinas arhat atman Augustine Augustine’s Bhartrhari biblical bodhisattva body Brahman Buddha Buddhist chanting chapter Christian consciousness created creation death desires developed dharmas divine dukkha embodied eternal evil experience fitra follow Gita goal God’s grace Greek Hebrew Hindu holiness human nature human perfection Ibid Ibn Arabi idea ideal Indian individual intellect Islam Isvara Jesus jivanmukta jivanmukti knowledge living Lord Luria Luther Mahayana Maimonides manifesting mantra marga meaning meditation mind moksa monks moral mystical nephesh Niebuhr nirvana one’s Passmore Patanjali path to perfection Paul perfectibility of human perfection or release person philosophy practice psychology pure purified Qur’an rabbis Ramana Ramanuja realized reborn release from rebirth religion religious resurrection revealed ritual ruach Sankara sattva says schools scripture sefirot sense shari’a soul sphota spiritual Theravada thought tion Torah tradition transcend truth ultimate unity University Upanishads Veda Vedic view of human Western word Yoga Sutras
Page 2 - At the still point of the turning world. Neither flesh nor fleshless; Neither from nor towards; at the still point, there the dance is, But neither arrest nor movement. And do not call it fixity. Where past and future are gathered. Neither movement from nor towards, Neither ascent nor decline. Except for the point, the still point, There would be no dance, and there is only the dance.