Semantics

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, 1981 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 221 pages
When the first edition of Semantics appeared in 1976, the developments in this aspect of language study were exciting interest not only among linguists, but among philosophers, psychologists and logicians. Professor Palmer's straightforward and comprehensive book was immediately welcomed as one of the best introductions to the subject. Interest in Semantics has been further stimulated recently by a number of significant, and often contriversial, theoretical advances; and the publication of this second edition has enabled Professor Palmer to bring his survey thoroughly up to date. There is also an important new chapter on 'Semantics and logic', showing clearly and simply the influence that logical models have had on the study of meaning. Professor Palmer always illustrates his argument with helpful examples, and his non-technical explanations will be readily intelligible to the interested layman as well as to beginning students of language and linguistics.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
12 Semantics and linguistics
5
13 Historical semantics
8
14 Semantics in other disciplines
12
THE SCOPE OF SEMANTICS
17
22 Concepts
24
23 Sense and reference
29
24 The word
32
57 Components
108
58 The problem of universal
114
SEMANTICS AND GRAMMAR
118
62 Grammatical categories
124
63 Grammar and lexicon
130
64 Grammatical relations
135
65 Components and the sentence
139
66 Predicates and arguments
143

25 The sentence
37
CONTEXT AND REFERENCE
44
32 The exclusion of context
47
33 Context of situation
51
34 Behaviourism
56
35 Context culture and style
60
LEXICAL SEMANTICS FIELDS AND COLLOCATION
67
42 Semantic fields
68
43 Colour systems
70
44 Collocation
75
45 Idioms
79
LEXICAL SEMANTICS SENSE RELATIONS
83
52 Hyponymy 85
85
53 Synonymy
88
54 Antonymy
94
55 Relational opposites
97
56 Polysemy and homonymy
100
67 Case grammar
146
68 Sentence types and modality
149
UTTERANCE MEANING
155
72 Topic and comment
158
73 Performatives and speech acts
161
74 Presupposition
166
75 Implicatures
173
SEMANTICS AND LOGIC
177
82 Prepositional logic
180
83 Predicate logic
186
84 Intension and extension
190
85 Truthconditional semantics 195
195
86 Truth conditions and linguistics
201
87 Concluding remarks
206
REFERENCES
208
INDEX
214
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