Planet management: limits to growth, computer simulation, and the emergence of global spaces
Planet Management is a study of, and contribution to, the history of "globality" -- the emergence of a complex organization of politics, economics, and culture at a planetary rather than a national level. This new book draws on historical archival research as well as recent theoretical work in science studies and critical theory to tell the story of the central role of technoscientific discourses and practices in the emergence of globality.A central argument of the book is that we are experiencing a paradigm shift from a world organized around the political space of the nation-state to one organized around the biopolitical space of the whole planet. Concomitant with this shift, we see the emergence of such new political powers as nongovernmental organizations, new forms of production as the global factory, new forms of knowledge as genetic engineering and global change science, and new forms of informational and managerial structures as the Internet and the virtual corporation. This book explores the role that technosciences -- such as computer modeling, satellite imaging, systems thinking and information processing -- have in bringing forth new ways of looking at and understanding the world.Planet Management addresses the subject of globality by considering the Limits to Growth Project. This project, one of the first examples of a global computer model of the interaction between human activity and the biosphere, was carried out by a computer team at MIT and sponsored by the Club of Rome, a group of high-level European, American, and Asian statesmen and industrialists. The results of the modeling, published in 1972, had a wide impact: more than ten million copies of the reportwere sold worldwide. By tracing the history of Systems Dynamics, the theoretical backbone of the Limits Project, the author illustrates how the practices at the core of global thinking emerged out of the transformation of knowledge production during World War II and its aft
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analysis Aurelio Peccei biosphere Carroll Louis Wilson chapter Club of Rome complex computer modeling conceptualization conference Corporation cybernetics Dennis Meadows developed discourses and practices discourses of globality discussion E. O. Wilson Earth from outer ecology embodied emergence environment eventually example explore feedback loop Forrester 1991 Forrester's Gaia hypothesis global earth global problems global spaces goal Gordon Stanley Brown Growth project Haraway human activity human eye IIASA impact included Industrial Dynamics Institute interview Jay Forrester Limits to Growth Louis Wilson Papers Lovelock machinic vision Meadows team military Morse nature notion ocularity operations outer space Ozbekhan Peccei Pestel Planet Management planetary practices of globality proposal radar relations satellite imaging scientific practices scientists Servomechanisms specific Stanley Brown Papers surveillance System Dynamics systems thinking techniques Technologies of Knowledge technoscientific theory transformed Vernadsky Volkswagen Foundation Whirlwind project whole planet World Dynamics World Problematique