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they were an exception not to this only, spake with tongues and prophesied.'
but also to the tongues spoken in the Prophesy is without doubt here inter-
church at Corinth, and in the church at pretation ; and tongues that required
Ephesus, and in the church at Cæsarea. interpretation evidently could not be un-
An exception on the single occasion of derstood by auditors.
Pentecost cannot overthrow the regular “ It was the same with the church at
character of the gift as foretold of old, Cæsarea, (Acts x. 46.) • For they heard
and as afterwards exhibited in the churches them speak with tongues and magnify
of the apostolic age. An exception else God.' I have no doubt that the words,
where proves the role, and why not • and magnify God,' mean a different
here? But - even while I write-blessed thing from the words, speak with
be his glorious name! God recealeth unto tongues,' and that the former do mean
me what hath been hid from ages, shruing interpretation, and that the tongues con-
to me that this is no exception Start not, sequently must have been unintelligible
reader. Knowest thou not that the Spirit to the auditors.
taketh of the things of Christ and sheweth “ The scriptural character of the gift
it unto us.' The manifestation at Pente- of tongues has now been shown to be-
cost comprised both the gift of tongues that tongues are unintelligible to both
and the gift of interpretation. Each of speaker and hearer, and are purely a
the several nations present were addressed symbolical, a mystical language from God,
in tongues; but then, each nation only the meaning of which is made intelligible
in the tongues of the other nations; and only by an entirely different gift, the gift
when its own vernacular tongue was spo- of interpretation of tongues. There now
ken, this was not to it a tongue, viz. a remains to be compared with this, the
language not understood, a sign, a symbol character of the tongues endowed upon
from God; but this then became the gift the church amidst is within the last fifteen
of interpretation exercised by the apostlé months. These tongues are
towards that vation; while, at the same dowed on fifteen individuals, (four of
time, this was a tongue unto all the other whom are men, and the rest females,)
nations; and vice versa,

what was inter none of whom have ever understood the pretation to them was tongues unto it. words that they speak, nor has there been This knowing to be the truth of God I a single instance in which any of these maintain unto the death.

tongues have been understood by any of “Now, I proceed to show, that in the their auditors This, therefore, is a perchurch at Corinth tongues possessed the fect parallel to the gift of tongues recorded characteristic of being unintelligible to in Scripture, and identifies itself as the the auditors, and as declared by the in same gift."--pp. 5–8. stance of this church, unintelligible also to the speaker. In support of this, I

It appears

that Mr. Irving merely refer to verses, as they are quite makes nearly the same concessions. decisive without comment. 1 Cor. xiv. 2, 4, 5, 13, 14. Also the continual men " It is felt," says Mr. Beverley, tion of interpretation as a separate gift peculiar inconvenience, (and acknowfrom tongues, in this and in the 12th ledged even by Mr. Irving to be a defichapters of this Epistle. These verses ciency,) that nobody can be found to declare in the most explicit language, interpret the unknown tongues. When in language impossible to be misunder the famous miracle of the day of Pentestood, that the tongues possessed by the cost is urged against Mr. Irving, whereby church at Corinth were not understood it is evident that the apostles did not by either speaker or hearer: and from speak jargon, but real languages under. this reason, tongues were qualified with stood by various foreigners, how does he the gift of interpretation—a gift en escape from this perplexity? By boldly dowed sometimes on the same individual asserting that it was AN ACCIDENT !!!-who spoke in tongues (see 1 Cor. xiv. 'The new method of divine communica5, 13), and sometimes on a different in- tion is by enforcing the prophet to utter, dividual (1 Cor. xiv. 27, 28), thus shew in a tongue unknown to himself, the ing the integrity of the gift of interpre- words which God would carry to the tation.

people; and because the people were, Very little is said in Scripture of the EXCEPT IN AN ACCIDENTAL CASE, AS mode in which tongues were exercised AT Pentecost, unacquainted with the in the other churches; but sufficient may voice, there was added, in order to conbe gathered to see that it was just in the vey the substance and meaning of the same mode as in the church at Corinth. same, a gift of interpretation which some

“ In the church at Ephesus, we are times was possessed by the speakers, and told in Acts xix. 6, that the Holy Ghost sometimes by others." "-- Beverley's Sercame on certain disciples, and they mon, p. 34.

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young ladies on


“ None of these gifted ones all their research, did not detect have ever understood the words the imposition, which was discothat they speak, nor has there been

vered in another way. a single instance in which these Now we ask, how can an infidel tongues have been understood by be assured that the any of their auditors”!!!

the banks of the Clyde, or at We ask, then, of what possible Regent Square, are not acting their use can the gift be?

parts as Caraboo did? Obviously • He that speaketh in an the only proof must be their utteknown tongue speaketh not unto rance of a well known and recogmen but unto God.” “If I pray nized language. in an unknown tongue, my spirit “ Let,” to use the words of Mr. Beprayeth.” “ He that speaketh in an verley, “ the miracle be proved at once, unknown tongue, edifieth himself.”

by that very easy and plain proof offered

in the Apostolical age, --- let the supposed Now if we do not altogether gifted persons give an exhortation in mistake the meaning of prayer

nd some of the oriental dialects, in the Chi. edification, they are exercises inti nese for instance, or the Burmese, the mately connected with thought, of Mahratta, the Persic, the Assamese, the which words must be the media, of the languages of the South Sea islands,

Malay, the Japanese, the Arabic, or any and therefore those who, in apos- or, in short, any real language of any tolic times, possessed the “ gift of real people ; let it be proved that this tongues," and used it, if they were

gifted person never knew the language

before, - and then a ready acknowledgnot understood by the native con

nient of the miracle must be conceded by gregation around them, or if there every one, whether he be unlearned, or were no foreigner present to hear an unbeliever."--p. 13. the instructions delivered, though As it is evident that these exforbidden in such a case by St. hibitions of “ the gift” are not Paul to speak, yet still they had likely to convince unbelievers, or the advantage of meditating on the to afford them attestation that God thoughts suggested, or of commu is in the place, we may now proning with God in the prayers ceed to inquire whether any aduttered. But the gifted fraternity vantage can be gained by the proof these enlightened days have fessed disciples of Jesus from these never yet understood their own outpourings; as to the unknown words! Nor has a single instance tongues, we suppose no edification occurred, says Archibald M.Ker- can be derived from them, for rell, in which they have been un “ even things without life, giving derstood by their auditors!! sound, whether pipe or harp, ex

How then are unbelievers to be cept they give a distinction in the convinced that God is with them sounds, how shall it be known what of a truth ?”

is piped or harped ? For if the One of the most successful fe- trumpet give an uncertain sound, male impostors of modern times, who shall prepare himself to the appeared some years ago in the battle?" but though the most exneighbourhood of Bristol, speaking perienced soldier knows not the an unknown tongue, and observing signal which these bugles give, yet Hindoo, or other oriental customs. it seems they are employed to usher Caraboo excited the attention of in, as with a flourish of trumpets, Certain linguists and philanthropists some more important proclamation. in the West, and whilst comfortably Are the English sentences then supplied by the latter, she effectu- which they utter, we ask, of that ally puzzled the former, who, with forcible and weighty character, N. S. NO. 85,


which might lead us to suppose that ceived to preach the Gospel to they speak as they are moved by every creature, would have been the Holy Ghost ?" Let our readers long delayed, had they not been judge from the following specimen, endowed with “power from on which, from what we have heard high ;” and to animate them in their ourselves, we are ertai is no ex arduous work, it was promised that aggerated report.

they should

speak with new “ Men doubt-they doubt the

tongues," and work many miracles.

very being of their God; they dare to doubt Confirmatory of this, it is very reit-they dare to doubt. The worms of markable that Paul, who was the the dust-the worms of the dust, the works of his hands they dare to doubt-e great Apostle of the Gentiles, they dare to doubt his very being. Think

whose travels through foreign counyou that he will arise ?—that he will tries, both civilized and barbarous, plead his own cause ?-- that he will plead were more extensive than


other his own cause? Oh, beware of going on, of

apostle; that he was furnished going on--beware--beware! Know that the Lord he is God; know that he made all

“ with tongues more than they things; O know it -0 know it! You will all.” To this special aid of the know it-you will know it. O know it now Holy Spirit it has been always - know it now! Put away your unbelief usual to attribute the widely dif- put away your unbelief. Come to him fused, and eminently successful lanow--come to him now. Oh, he is not known-he is not known ! Men do not bours of the first preachers of Chrisknow what it is to walk before him; tianity. they do not know that his eye searcheth The subject of “ Interpretation" them ; they do not know that, at the

deserves a little notice. If these great day of God, they shall have to give account. Oh, it is a fearful thing!--oh, modern oracles speak a real lanit is a fearful thing!--oh, it is a fearful guage, then it would be capable thing! Oh, mock not! Oh, it is your of translation, verbum vcrbo, and perdition if you mock! -- oh, it is your the more close and literal the perdition if you mock ! Oh, mock not at your God! oh, mock not at your God!” better; but when


Pilkington Unknown Tongues.- pp. 12, 13.

ventured to suggest that the gifted O how unlike the sublime lan- sister had favoured them with some guage of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and disjointed Latin, gthis dil omma Ezekiel; and the instructive elo- sumo,which he translated on a quence of Peter, Stephen, and slip of paper; he was hastily Paul, is this vain babbling! Surely asked by Mr. Irving's missionary, they must think that the Eternal “How can you, sir, undertake to, Spirit is altogether like unto them- interpret the words of God," and selves, to suppose that he can be was told,

- You cannot interpret the author of such vapid uncon- by human understanding ; interprenected prattle.

tation must be given by the Spi. The only remaining use of rit!” the original gift of tongues we

It is now time that our readers have to notice, is the assistance should bear Mr. Pilkington's acit supplied in the propagation count of the excitement he expeof the Gospel. The Apostles were rienced at the Caledonian Church, to be “ witnesses of these things and of the anxiety of its poor

be. to the uttermost ends of the earth;” wildered pastor, to find out some and never having been accustomed one who can interpret. by their previous habits to the acquisition of foreign tongues, or

" Ifit be remembered that, having been even the correct pronunciation of and ever will entertain, of Mr. Irving's

guided by the good opinion I had formed, their own, the commission they re piety and zeal for religioa-assured of his

knowledge of the persons whom he de doctrine to resist the power of his elo. clared to be .gifted with the Holy quence--that an accidental circumstance Spirit- and satisfied of their piety by obliged me to hear him one Sunday personal observation, I became a believer evening, when, in the course of his in the probability of the truth of his affir sermon, he declared that he never in. mation, it cannot be surprising that I tended to introduce the doctrine which seriously regretted the aversion which I persons attributed to him, by perverting observed in the strangers of the general the meaning of his words—that I was congregation to the utterance of the satisfied I was misinformed, and venSpirit-from which I presaged great dan- tured to hear him the following Sunday ger of dissension. Being thius interested, evening, when I was much gratified by when I attended prayers on Monday bis discourse, and pleased when I heard morning, my devotional meditation– him announce that Prayer Meetings during the solemn and imposing silence were held at half.past six o'clock every which as usual occurred after some of the morning: from attending which I de'gifted persons' bad spoken, and which rived much comfort and consolation. never failed to fill me, as if by sympathy, Mr. Irving praised God for this; and with a holy sensation—was occupied with baving asked the Missionary if he had a visionary figure of contention, and I any more questions to put to me, and was strongly excited by a very powerful received a negative, he re

ed him feeling which I am unable to describe, to to pray for me; which, being done, we exhort and forewarn them of impending parted with a request from Mr. Irving difficulty ; but I resisted it until Mr. that I would meet him the following day Irving in his discourse said it was sinful at ten o'clock in the Church, to suppress such movements. I could no I went next morning to the Prayer longer restrain, and, with a sudden burst Meeting, and as I arrived at the door of of utterance, used the following detached the Church I met Mr. Irving, who sasentences :- The second sword is now luted me very kindly, and begged that drawn in this church.'— Combat with I would not speak again until I had love and unity.'-' Deny me no more.' had the appointed interview with him, : Peace be with you. Mr. Irving prais- unless I could not possibly avoid it. At ed God for having opened another the end of the first service Mr. Irving mouth' in the church, and said "we

said he would name the four persons who heard the voice of the Shepherd.' He had now an opportunity of speaking: he then offered a solemn prayer for me. I accordingly mentioned Misses Hall, Carnow concluded that the excitement I felt dale, and Smith, and Mr. Tuplin. They was the same as that which influenced availed themselves of the occasion, and the 'gifted persons, but that they ex we dispersed. I returned al ten o'clock perienced it in a higher degree, which and met Mr. Irving in the vestry, who produced the utterance of Tongue. When seemed desirous of ascertaining how I the service closed Mr. Irving begged that

was influenced to speak. With all posthe dear Brother who had spoken would

sible frankness I endeavoured to ex. remain, that he might confer with him plain (as already mentioned) the irreafter the meeting had dispersed. I did sistible impulse of religious feeling to not expect this invitation : I complied, which I had yielded. To this he said however, with his desire, and on enter that the gifted persons informed him ing the vestry with him and the Mission that the power which compelled them to ary, Mr. Irving introduced me to the speak, acted on the end of their Tongues. former, who observed, I have not the He then asked me if I would have pleasure of knowing the Brother.' I spoken this morning had he not resaid I was a stranger in their church. quested me to be silent if possible ? I Mr. Irving's behaviour was kind and affa- replied that I did not suffer myself to ble-that of the Missionary more re be excited to that degree,--on which he served. In reply to a question as to the

fell back in his chair, and exclaimed, regularity of my attendance at Divine God forgive me if I have been guilty Worship, I said that I had altended their of quenching the Spirit !” This dismorning service for nearly three months, tressed me very much, and I assured him during which time I was once only absent he did not--that it was more than proba--that prior to this period, having heard

ble I would not have spoken : at which he that Mr. Irving was preaching and publish

was somewhat consoled, and said, 'I uning a false doctrine, I was afraid to comply derstand you.' Heinquired if I understood with the recommendations of my friends any of the Tongues? I replied that I lo hear him preach, because, having been thought I understood the Sister who but a few years converted froin Deism to spoke last this morning, and that I was a belief in our Lord Jesus Christ, I felt about to ask him the same question ; bemyself not sufficiently established in cause, if we agreed, I should be che


more certain. To his anxious inquiry “ After inspecting the above specimen as to what I heard, I said that I under of the unknown tongues,' ought we to stood the words generally to convey the smile or to weep, when we call to mind idea of love and solicitude ; but if I were that Mr. Irving has, in his Pentecost, reto venture at the interpretation of the peatedly declared, that to disbelieve the Jast words which struck my ear, I should inspiration of these tongues’ is the crime say it was • l'our out your soul, and I of blasphemy, which can never be forwill hear.' He said, • God be praised ! given, either in this world or the world to and used other words, which expressed a come."--p. 22. hope that God was answering the prayer for an Interpreter. He then requested to understand several languages,

Mr. Pilkington, who professes I would atiend a Prayer Meeting in the evening, at which I would meet

thus describes the engagements of the “ Gifted Persons ;' and if I should an afternoon meeting in Mr. Irthen understand any of the tongues ving's vestry, he begged I would acquaint him of it immediately. I explained, that, as “Mr. Irving gave me a seat in the I understood several languages, I might front, close to his chair and that of the bave heard

familiar sounds; Missionary:-(Psalm. Prayer. Silence.) but that if he, whose knowledge of The Gifted Sister 1 commenced, and I the Classics must be greater than mine, bears the words, Hozeqhin* alta sture: the agreed with me, I should be more remaining sounds I cannot clearly reconfident. To this he replied, he had member, though, as translated from the not the least idea of the meaning of the Latin, the meaning was -- will take care • TONGUES,' and he • aspired to be nio of this house :' she concluded in English, more than the humble Pastor of the urging that the Spirit should speak in the flock. This humility in such a talented congregation.- [Silence. ]--Gifted Sister man, by which he seemed to confess ani 2 uttered in Tongue no more than Holiinferiority to me, filled my heart with moth holif awthaw!' and finished in Eng. a mixture of love and admiration for him lish to the same effect as Sister 1. I took during the whole time he was closetted advantage of the silence which followed, with others, who were in attendance; to tell Mr. Irving that I was informed by for he had requested me to wait in the the Missionary it was not correct to inbody of the church until he ministered terpret except by the Spirit, and that to them.”-pp. 12–15.

that which I otherwise interpreted would We have seen from the Morning, ously] ; what did you hear?' I replied

not be received. () yes, Sir, (anxiWatch,that

language of

• Sister 2 said (in English) • Holy, most J. M.D., uttered on the banks of holy Father ;' and Sister i said (in Latin) the Clyde, contained


Jesus, who is in the highest, will take Greek and Latin radicals, and

care of this house.'

Neither Mr. Irving

nor the Missionary asked me any ques. with inflections also much resem

tions about the Tongue in English, no bling those of the Greek lan- doubt because they did not believe she guage.”

used this language--I heard Sister y say Mr. Beverley has supplied the

to her neighbour, in a low voice, · I

didn't speak in English, did I ?'-- but following hymn in “the unknown," they questioned me closely about the and his remarks upon it sustain the Latin. I said I translated it; which the admissions already quoted.

Missionary declared was not interpreHippo gerosto niparos

tation—that interpretation should be Boorastin farimi

given by the Spirit :" to this Mr. Irving O fastos sungor boorinos

assented ; and although I remarked that Epoongos menati

it might have been given me by the Spirit O deripangito boorin

in answer to the prayers that had been ofAristos ekrampos

fered for me, they eluded the observation. Senoote hypanos noostin

[Silence.]-Sister 1 spoke again in Tongue Hypen hippo booros.

* Hozehamenanostra,' which she repeated “Of this specimen, till a more erndite

three times; and in English she said,

• Jesus will take care of us.' I was now interpretation be discovered, we may conjecture that it is a song concerning

I had rendered this. Hosanna in the the best horses —itty, hippo, the horse highest ;' but on comparing it with her in the dative case ; aplotos, aristos, the second utterance, Hozehamenanostra,' best; tanto and fastos are pure Latin I discovered that I should have made it words.

• Jesus in the highest.



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